Presentation on theme: "Global 2 R Regents Review Spring 2009 Geography Review."— Presentation transcript:
Global 2 R Regents Review Spring 2009 Geography Review
Geography What is geography? –Geography is the study of the earths surface, climate and topography
Geography Why is geography important? –The obvious reasons: we should know where things are –We should know how geography has impacted human development –We should know how and why history has been impacted by the earth
Physical Geography Bodies of water –Oceans –Rivers –Seas –Straits –Canals
Physical Geography Climate –Climate is the average weather usually taken over a 30-year time period for a particular region and time period. Climate is not the same as weather, but rather, it is the average pattern of weather for a particular region. Weather describes the short-term state of the atmosphere. –From weatherwizkids.com
Continents There are 7 continents –Africa –Asia –North America –South America –Antarctica –Europe –Australia
Mountains Important Mountains –Himalayas –Urals –Alps –Andes
Peninsulas A body of land that is surrounded on 3 sides by water –Iberian –Italian –Arabian –Korean –Yucatan
Economic Geography Agriculture Industrial production Natural resources Economic systems
Economic Geography Economic geography is the study of the location, distribution and spatial organization of economic activities across the Earth Source: wikipedia.com
Human & Cultural Geography The study of where humans are and what they are doing around the globe.
Human & Cultural Geography Demography –The size and distribution of human population in a given area –Population density
Other Geographic Issues Longitude: imaginary lines on the map that run north/south –These lines begin at zero degrees with that line being called the Prime Meridian Latitude: imaginary lines on the map that run east/west These lines begin at zero degrees with that line called the equator
Other Geographic Issues Latin America –Generally speaking, Latin America is composed of Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean Islands –The term Latin America comes from the fact that the two dominant languages, Spanish and Portuguese, are derived from Latin
Other Geographic Issues Asia Minor –Also known as Anatolia, this is the area that encompasses most of modern day Turkey and borders the Black Sea to the North, the Caspian Sea to the northeast and the Mediterranean to the south.
Other Geographic Issues Monsoons –Seasonal winds that bring heavy amounts of rain in the summer –Best example would be Indian monsoons coming off the Arabian Sea and hitting the west coast of India
Other Geographic Issues Ring of Fire –an area where large numbers of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur in the basin of the Pacific Ocean –In a 40,000 km horseshoe shape, The Ring of Fire has 452 volcanoes and is home to over 75% of the world's active and dormant volcanoes.
Other Geographic Issues Archipelago –A chain of islands Philippines Bahamas Japan