Presentation on theme: "Global 2 R Regents Review Spring 2009"— Presentation transcript:
1 Global 2 R Regents Review Spring 2009 Geography Review
2 Geography What is geography? Geography is the study of the earth’s surface, climate and topography
3 Why is geography important? The obvious reasons: we should know where things areWe should know how geography has impacted human developmentWe should know how and why history has been impacted by the earth
6 Physical GeographyBodies of waterOceansRiversSeasStraitsCanals
7 From weatherwizkids.com Physical GeographyClimateClimate is the average weather usually taken over a 30-year time period for a particular region and time period. Climate is not the same as weather, but rather, it is the average pattern of weather for a particular region. Weather describes the short-term state of the atmosphere.From weatherwizkids.com
8 There are 7 continents Continents Africa Asia North America South AmericaAntarcticaEuropeAustralia
59 Human & Cultural Geography The study of where humans are and what they are doing around the globe.
60 Human & Cultural Geography DemographyThe size and distribution of human population in a given areaPopulation density
61 Other Geographic Issues Longitude: imaginary lines on the map that run north/southThese lines begin at zero degrees with that line being called the Prime MeridianLatitude: imaginary lines on the map that run east/westThese lines begin at zero degrees with that line called the equator
62 Other Geographic Issues Latin AmericaGenerally speaking, Latin America is composed of Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean IslandsThe term Latin America comes from the fact that the two dominant languages, Spanish and Portuguese, are derived from Latin
63 Other Geographic Issues Asia MinorAlso known as Anatolia, this is the area that encompasses most of modern day Turkey and borders the Black Sea to the North, the Caspian Sea to the northeast and the Mediterranean to the south.
65 Other Geographic Issues MonsoonsSeasonal winds that bring heavy amounts of rain in the summerBest example would be Indian monsoons coming off the Arabian Sea and hitting the west coast of India
66 Other Geographic Issues Ring of Firean area where large numbers of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur in the basin of the Pacific OceanIn a 40,000 km horseshoe shape, The Ring of Fire has 452 volcanoes and is home to over 75% of the world's active and dormant volcanoes.