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Geography Review World History 1. Warm-Up Activity In what ways does geography affect our lives. Write down at least 3 examples and be ready to discuss.

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Presentation on theme: "Geography Review World History 1. Warm-Up Activity In what ways does geography affect our lives. Write down at least 3 examples and be ready to discuss."— Presentation transcript:

1 Geography Review World History 1

2 Warm-Up Activity In what ways does geography affect our lives. Write down at least 3 examples and be ready to discuss them with the class. In what ways does geography affect our lives. Write down at least 3 examples and be ready to discuss them with the class. Hint: Think about climate and natural resources. Hint: Think about climate and natural resources.

3 Geography Is the study of people, their environments, and the resources available to them. Is the study of people, their environments, and the resources available to them.

4 Geographical Features Mountains Mountains Deserts Deserts Forests Forests Plains Plains Oceans Oceans Lakes Lakes Rivers Rivers Can you think of any other? Can you think of any other?

5 What tools do we use to study Geography? 1. Globes: -retain the shape of Earth without distortion. -difficult to portray on paper. 1. Maps: -convenient -project land 2 dimensionally causing distortion.

6 Maps Map Projections: distort the true sizes and shapes of physical features in order to show them on paper Map Projections: distort the true sizes and shapes of physical features in order to show them on paper Notice Greenland v. Africa Notice Greenland v. Africa

7 Types of Maps 1. Political Maps: emphasize human- made features such as national borders and cities.

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9 2. Physical Maps: emphasize the natural features of land and water. 2. Physical Maps: emphasize the natural features of land and water.

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11 3. Historical Maps: show change over time.

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13 Finding Places on a Map Hemispheres: any half of the Earth. Hemispheres: any half of the Earth. 4 hemisphere: north, south, east and west 4 hemisphere: north, south, east and west Equator: is exactly halfway between the North and South Pole. 0 degrees latitude. Equator: is exactly halfway between the North and South Pole. 0 degrees latitude.

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15 Finding Places on a Map To find any place exactly on a map, you need 2 points: the latitude and longitude. To find any place exactly on a map, you need 2 points: the latitude and longitude. Latitude: the distance north or south of the equator degrees N or S. Latitude: the distance north or south of the equator degrees N or S. Longitude: the distance east or west of the prime meridian E or W Longitude: the distance east or west of the prime meridian E or W Prime Meridian: the 0 Degree line of longitude. Prime Meridian: the 0 Degree line of longitude.

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17 Map Activity On your map, color and label the following continents with their assigned color. On your map, color and label the following continents with their assigned color. North America –Blue South America- Red Europe- Green Africa- Yellow Asia- Purple Antarctica- Orange Australia - Brown Label the following oceans: Arctic, Indian, Pacific, Southern, and Atlantic. Label the following oceans: Arctic, Indian, Pacific, Southern, and Atlantic. Draw a dotted line to indicate the Equator and Prime Meridian. Label each. Draw a dotted line to indicate the Equator and Prime Meridian. Label each. Label the North and South Pole. Label the North and South Pole.


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