Presentation on theme: "Notes for Stage 1, Stage 2, and Stage 3"— Presentation transcript:
1Notes for Stage 1, Stage 2, and Stage 3 NounsNotes forStage 1, Stage 2, and Stage 3
2Latin is an inflected language… … which means we have to look at the ends of words to know what role a word will play in a sentence. This means that the endings of words will change as the role the word has in a sentence changes.
3Noun: Definition: a person, place, thing or idea. There are 5 groups of nouns in Latin, with a specific set of endings for each group. We will learn 3 of them in Latin 1.A group of nouns is called a declension.
4Nominative CaseThe person, place, thing or idea that is performing the verb in a sentence is called a subject.Subjects in Latin end in –us, -a, or have an irregular ending which we will indicate with a *.When a noun is wearing the subject ending, it is said to be in the nominative case, which is just a way of saying that it is in the form that makes it the subject of a verb.
5Examples: 1st declension subjects wear an –a: Metella, culina, via2nd declension subjects wear a –us.Caecilius, Quintus, servus, amicus3rd declension subjects do not have a standard ending and varies a great deal. (Remember, we will indicate these with a *)Grumio, canis, mercator, Clemens, pater
6Accusative CaseThe person, place, thing or idea that the verb is happening to is called a direct object.Direct objects in Latin end in -am, -um, or -em.When a noun is wearing the direct object ending, it is said to be in the accusative case, which is just a way of saying that it is in the form that makes it the direct object of a verb.
7Examples: 1st declension direct objects wear an –am: Metellam, culinam, viam2nd declension direct objects wear a –um.Caecilium, Quintum, servum, amicum3rd declension direct objects wear an –em, and sometimes change their spelling.Grumionem, canem, mercatorem, Clementem, patrem
8Practice Identify the subject and the direct object in each sentence: Caecilius pecuniam numerat.ancilla hortum intrat.mercator canem audit.dominus ancillam laudat.Clemens vinum portat.Metella mercatorem salutat.