Presentation on theme: "How a Bill grows up and becomes a Law…"— Presentation transcript:
1 How a Bill grows up and becomes a Law… 3 ways…The Hard Way!The Fun Way!The School House Rock Way!
2 House Bill Introduced Rider attached Senate Bill Introduced Rider attached1st reading, given a numberCommittee ActionHearingsInvestigationVoted out of sub- committee….Referred to CommitteeReferred to CommitteeStopStopReferred to Sub CommitteeReferred to Sub CommitteeStopPigeonholeAmend or add toApprove and submit to floor debate -- “do pass”StopReported to Full Committee—3 ActionsReported to Full CommitteeStopFloor Action Debate and vote..Filibuster or ClotureIf passes, either goes to the House or the PresidentRules Committee ActionStopHouse Rules Committee sets limits on debate.StopFloor Action Debate and voteIf passes, either goes to the Senate or PresidentStopStop2nd readingBill must pass both Houses with same language… If not, goes to Conference Committee.House ApprovalSenate ApprovalPresident’s ActionStopStopVetoSigned into law
5 Current Majority Leader: IntroductionSenateCurrent Majority Leader:Harry Reid(D)House of RepsCurrent Speaker:John Boehner(R)
6 Committee Action HOUSE Bill referred to standing committee To subcommittee for study, hearings, revisions, approvalBack to full committee for more hearings & revisionsTo rules committee to set conditions for debate / amendmentsSENATEBill referred to standing committee To subcommittee for study, hearings, revisions, approvalBack to full committee for more hearings/revisions
7 Floor Action House Bill debated than passed or defeated If passed it is sent on to the SenateSenateBill debated then passed or defeatedIf passed it is sent on to the House
8 Conference CommitteeResolves differences between House and Senate versions of bill * need an identical bill
9 Congressional Approval Committee House and Senate vote on final passageApproved bill sent to President
10 Presidential Action each house will override veto President either: Signs and it becomes lawVetoes and it is sent back to CongressDoesn’t sign and it becomes law
11 FYI Additional notes to add to your graphic organizer As many as 10,000 measures are introduced in the House and Senate during a term of Congress.Fewer than 10% ever become law“Bipartisanship” : support for a bill from members of both the Democrats and Republicans.
12 What steps must be taken for a bill to become a law? Again…
13 Step 1The Bill is Proposed by a Citizen, the President or an Interest Group
14 Step 2The bill is introduced in the House of Representatives and the Senate
22 If a bill passes the House of Representatives it would then go to…
23 ReviewIf a bill passes through the House of Representatives then the next step would be to go through the?Senate
24 End of Course QuestionWhat does it mean that a bill is a “proposed law?”a. it may become a lawb. it is a lawc. it should be a lawd. it will never be law
25 End of Course Question Which branch of Government can veto laws? a. the Executive branch, which is represented by the presidentb. the legislative branch, which is represented by Congressc. no branch of government can veto lawsd. the judicial branch, which is represented by the Courts
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