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HOW A BILL GROWS UP AND BECOMES A LAW… 3 ways… The Hard Way! The Fun Way! The School House Rock Way!

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Presentation on theme: "HOW A BILL GROWS UP AND BECOMES A LAW… 3 ways… The Hard Way! The Fun Way! The School House Rock Way!"— Presentation transcript:

1 HOW A BILL GROWS UP AND BECOMES A LAW… 3 ways… The Hard Way! The Fun Way! The School House Rock Way!

2 1 st reading, given a number House Rules Committee sets limits on debate. 2 nd reading Conference CommitteeBill must pass both Houses with same language… If not, goes to Conference Committee. House Bill Introduced Rider attached Referred to Committee Referred to Sub Committee Reported to Full Committee—3 Actions Rules Committee Action Floor Action Debate and vote If passes, either goes to the Senate or President Floor Action Debate and vote If passes, either goes to the Senate or President Rider Senate Bill Introduced Rider attached Referred to Committee Referred to Sub Committee Reported to Full Committee Floor Action Debate and vote.. Filibuster or Cloture If passes, either goes to the House or the President Floor Action Debate and vote.. Filibuster or Cloture If passes, either goes to the House or the President President’s Action Veto Signed into law Stop Committee Action Hearings Investigation Voted out of sub- committee…. Pigeonhole Amend or add to do passApprove and submit to floor debate -- “do pass” House Approval Senate Approval Stop

3 The Easy Way…

4

5 House of Reps Current Speaker: John Boehner (R) Introduction Senate Current Majority Leader: Harry Reid (D)

6 HOUSE Bill referred to standing committee To subcommittee for study, hearings, revisions, approval Back to full committee for more hearings & revisions To rules committee to set conditions for debate / amendments Committee Action SENATE Bill referred to standing committee To subcommittee for study, hearings, revisions, approval Back to full committee for more hearings/revisions

7 House Bill debated than passed or defeated If passed it is sent on to the Senate Floor Action Senate Bill debated then passed or defeated If passed it is sent on to the House

8 Resolves differences between House and Senate versions of bill * need an identical bill Conference Committee

9 House and Senate vote on final passage Approved bill sent to President Congressional Approval Committee

10 each house will override veto Presidential Action President either: Signs and it becomes law Vetoes and it is sent back to Congress Doesn’t sign and it becomes law

11 As many as 10,000 measures are introduced in the House and Senate during a term of Congress. As many as 10,000 measures are introduced in the House and Senate during a term of Congress. Fewer than 10% ever become law Fewer than 10% ever become law “Bipartisanship” : support for a bill from members of both the Democrats and Republicans. “Bipartisanship” : support for a bill from members of both the Democrats and Republicans. FYI Additional notes to add to your graphic organizer

12 What steps must be taken for a bill to become a law? Again…

13 Step 1 The Bill is Proposed by a Citizen, the President or an Interest Group The Bill is Proposed by a Citizen, the President or an Interest Group

14 Step 2 The bill is introduced in the House of Representatives and the Senate The bill is introduced in the House of Representatives and the Senate

15 Step 3 The Bill is Studied by a House Committee The Bill is Studied by a House Committee

16 Step 4 The Bill is Debated on the House Floor The Bill is Debated on the House Floor

17 Step 5 The Bill is Sent to the Senate The Bill is Sent to the Senate

18 Step 6 The Bill is Studied by a Senate Committee The Bill is Studied by a Senate Committee

19 Step 7 The Bill is Debated in the Senate The Bill is Debated in the Senate

20 Step 8 The Senate Votes on the Bill The Senate Votes on the Bill

21 Step 9 The Bill is Sent to the President The Bill is Sent to the President

22 If a bill passes the House of Representatives it would then go to…

23 Review If a bill passes through the House of Representatives then the next step would be to go through the? If a bill passes through the House of Representatives then the next step would be to go through the? Senate

24 End of Course Question What does it mean that a bill is a “proposed law?” What does it mean that a bill is a “proposed law?” a. it may become a law a. it may become a law b. it is a law b. it is a law c. it should be a law c. it should be a law d. it will never be law d. it will never be law

25 End of Course Question Which branch of Government can veto laws? Which branch of Government can veto laws? a. the Executive branch, which is represented by the president a. the Executive branch, which is represented by the president b. the legislative branch, which is represented by Congress b. the legislative branch, which is represented by Congress c. no branch of government can veto laws c. no branch of government can veto laws d. the judicial branch, which is represented by the Courts d. the judicial branch, which is represented by the Courts


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