2 Step 1: Introduction Write It (“Draft”) Introduce in House and Senate Sponsors / Co-sponsorsReferral to Committees
3 Step 2: Committee Action Written CommentHearingsMark-UpReports
4 Step 3: Floor Action Part A: The House Stop at the Rules CommitteeHow much debate?Open or closed ruleDebate on House FloorQuorum call – 218 membersVote
5 Step 3: Floor Action Part B: The Senate No limit on debate or on amendmentsFillibusterCloture voteVote
6 Step 4: Combined Action Several options Only one chamber has voted on the billNow must be sent to other chamberIf other chamber amends or changes the legislation, we must convene a “conference committee” (see below)House or Senate vote on same version of billWe can go straight to the PresidentHouse and Senate have different versions of the billConvene a “conference committee” to reach compromiseCompromise bill must be sent back to House and Senate for approval
7 Step 5: Presidential Action President signs the billIt becomes lawPresident vetoes the billEither Congress overrides veto (by 2/3 in both chambers)Or bill dies
8 Step 5: Presidential Action What if the President does nothing?If 10 days pass, and Congress is still in session, the bill automatically becomes a lawIf Congress adjourns before the 10 days expire, the bill dies – “Pocket Veto”
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