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How a Bill Becomes a Law.

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Presentation on theme: "How a Bill Becomes a Law."— Presentation transcript:

1 How a Bill Becomes a Law

2 Step 1: Introduction Write It (“Draft”) Introduce in House and Senate
Sponsors / Co-sponsors Referral to Committees

3 Step 2: Committee Action
Written Comment Hearings Mark-Up Reports

4 Step 3: Floor Action Part A: The House
Stop at the Rules Committee How much debate? Open or closed rule Debate on House Floor Quorum call – 218 members Vote

5 Step 3: Floor Action Part B: The Senate
No limit on debate or on amendments Fillibuster Cloture vote Vote

6 Step 4: Combined Action Several options
Only one chamber has voted on the bill Now must be sent to other chamber If other chamber amends or changes the legislation, we must convene a “conference committee” (see below) House or Senate vote on same version of bill We can go straight to the President House and Senate have different versions of the bill Convene a “conference committee” to reach compromise Compromise bill must be sent back to House and Senate for approval

7 Step 5: Presidential Action
President signs the bill It becomes law President vetoes the bill Either Congress overrides veto (by 2/3 in both chambers) Or bill dies

8 Step 5: Presidential Action
What if the President does nothing? If 10 days pass, and Congress is still in session, the bill automatically becomes a law If Congress adjourns before the 10 days expire, the bill dies – “Pocket Veto”

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