Explain or interpret things you observe. Inferring (making an inference) - Making a statement about the future based on prior observations. Predicting -
Grouping items together that are alike. Classifying - Forming a conclusion based on observations and data. Evaluating -
Creating a representation of an object or process. Making Models -
1. What does S.T.E.M. stand for? Quiz! 3. What do all scientists do? 4. What do all engineers do? 5. Do you think that you would make a good engineer? Explain why or why not. 2. What word MUST be in any good definition of science?
Lesson 3 – Scientific Inquiry Read Page 18 “heavier objects fall faster than lighter ones.” Deductive or Inductive Reasoning? Demo – free-fall tube with vacuum Specific to general conclusion. Demo – drop paper with baseball
Lesson 3 – Scientific Inquiry Scientific Inquiry - trying to find an answer to a question Read Page 18 What does inquire mean?
1. Pose a Question 2. Develop a Hypothesis 3. Conduct an Experiment 4. Form a Conclusion Possible Steps in Scientific Inquiry
Hypothesis - A possible answer to a question. Must be testable!
Variables - Purposely changed by the experimenter; independent variable Manipulated Variable - Factors that can change in an experiment. Responding Variable - Variable the may be observed to change in the experiment; dependent variable
Controlled Experiment - Facts, figures, evidence gathered from the experiment. Data - Only one variable is changed at a time. Graphs can help reveal patterns in data.
Conclusion - Results of what was discovered in the experiment. ASSIGN: Read and Annotate Pages 18- 26