2When scientists create a representation of a complex process, they are making models.inferring.predictingclassifying.
3Explaining or interpreting the things you observe based on reasoning from what you already know is calledobserving.inferring.predicting.classifying.
4A scientist communicates their results with specific procedures in order for ________ to occur. prediction.replication.evaluating.observation.
5Using one or more of your senses to gather information is called observing.inferring.predicting.classifying.
6Observations that deal with descriptions that cannot be expressed in numbers are called manipulated observations.quantitative observations.qualitative observations.operational observations.
7One useful tool that may help a scientist interpret data by revealing unexpected patterns is a variable.graph.theory.law.
8Being able to identify good sources of scientific information and apply the knowledge to problems in your life is a part of . . .scientific inquiry.scientific hypothesis.scientific literacy.scientific laws.
9Making a statement or claim about what will happen in the future based on past experiences or evidence is calledobserving.inferring.predicting.classifying.
10In science, a hypothesis must be correct.manipulated.controlled.testable.
11In a scientific experiment, facts, figures and other evidence gathered through observations are calleddata.laws.dependent variables.independent variables.
12When scientists put things into categories or group together items that are alike in some way, they aremaking models.inferring.predicting.classifying.
13Palm reading and astrology are examples of . . . empirical evidence.qualitative observations.pseudoscience.objective reasoning.
14Why is it important for people to understand scientific principles and to think scientifically? It helps people estimate cost of products.It helps people decide what to buy.It allows people to make informed decisions.It allows people to explain topics like an expert.
15During an experiment, if you purposely change the temperature to test a hypothesis, the temperature is called theindependent variable.experimental variable.hypothetical variable.dependent variable.
16A summary of what you learned from a scientific experiment is called a(n) hypothesis.inquiry.conclusion.law.
17When scientific investigations produce data that show new patterns that contradict existing conclusions, scientists shouldignore the contradictory data and keep the old conclusions.check the data for errors and revise or replace the old conclusions if needed.throw out the old data and use the new data only to reach new conclusions.change the new data so that it fits the old conclusions.
18Which describes how opinion and scientific evidence are related? Evidence is an idea that may be confirmed by an opinion.Scientific evidence and opinion are the same thing.An opinion is an idea that is not proven by evidence.Scientific evidence and opinion are not related.
19Reliable information comes from a person or an organization that is not biased.Scientific.educational.tested.
20A scientist’s open-mindedness should always be balanced by ____, which is having an attitude of doubt.skepticismcuriositycreativitybias
21During an experiment, which factors must be controlled so that researchers can draw logical conclusions from the experiment?variablehypothesesinquiriestheories
22Which of the following is a valid reason why a scientist might reject a scientific theory? Some people disagree with it.It covers too broad a topic.New evidence contradicts it.It is too old.
23To find out why food left on the kitchen counter eventually molds is an example of using scientific inquirydeveloping a theorymaking a predictioncollecting data
24The following are sources of reliable information except? MuseumsAdvertisementsGovernment agenciesUniversities
25Scientific knowledge changes with new magazine articles.careful reading of facts.repeated experiments.new evidence and new interpretations.
26If you conduct an experiment and draw conclusions that are based on your beliefs rather than the facts, you are usingsubjective reasoning.objective reasoning.faulty reasoning.experimental reasoning.
27When you make decisions and design experiments, what kind of information do you need? Biased and reliableRelevant and reliableOpenminded and skepticalRelevant and subjective
28Be able to read a data chart and identify: The independent variableThe dependent variableBe able to make a prediction about future dataBe able to draw a conclusion based on given data
29Similar to the Variables worksheet… Be able to read a scenario and identifyThe manipulated/independent variableThe responding/dependent variableThe controlled variables
30Be able to read a data chart and Create a line graph with titles and a keyExplain the dependent and independent variable.Explain variables that need to be controlled in the experiment.Make conclusions from the graph/table.