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The Jungle by Upton Sinclair. Quick-Write (7 min) Reflect on your experience taking the GHSGT. What were your… – challenges? – successes? – take-aways.

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Presentation on theme: "The Jungle by Upton Sinclair. Quick-Write (7 min) Reflect on your experience taking the GHSGT. What were your… – challenges? – successes? – take-aways."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Jungle by Upton Sinclair

2 Quick-Write (7 min) Reflect on your experience taking the GHSGT. What were your… – challenges? – successes? – take-aways for taking the EOCT in May?

3 The Jungle: Immigrants in the early 1900s

4 The Jungle: Chicago in the early 1900s Do you think the experience of immigrants in the early 1900s will be similar to or different from your experience as in immigrant in ?

5 The Jungle: The Stockyards

6 Who is Jurgis? What do we know about his family? CLAIMS: Jurgis is strong and in control. The family relies on Jurgis. The family is burdened.

7 Group Work: Claims & Evidence Read the 3 claims about Jurgis and his family Read the white sentences with details about Jurgis and his family. Decide which claim each detail provides evidence for. TALK to your group about it – make sure you can explain your reason for your matches!

8 Write Do you know someone like Jurgis? Write a letter to a friend or family member who is similar to Jurgis. In your letter, introduce Jurgis. Tell about his personality, experiences, and what the two people will have in common.

9 Warm-Up 7 minutes: Vocabulary Turn in homework – a letter introducing Jurgis to someone you know – Chapter 2 Readers Guide

10 Character Review: Who is…? Jurgis Ona Jonas Antanas Teta Elzbieta Jokubas Szedvilas Mrs. Jukniene Marija

11 Chapter 3: Packingtown Jurgis gets a job at Browns, one of the largest meat- packing factories He is hired to shovel guts Before starting work, his friend Jokubas takes the family on a tour of Packtingtown

12 Stockyards

13 Inside the Packing House

14 Useful Vocabulary: Carcass: The body of an animal, after all the insides have been removed Entrails: Intestines, internal organs of an animal Cleaver: a very large, square knife Pig / hog / swine: live animals Pork / ham: types of pig meat

15 Work Period: Chapter 3 While you read, make note of the things Jurgis sees, hears, or smells during his tour of the packing house.

16 Work Period: Chapter 3 Sit with a group of students who took notes on each of the 3 senses. Make a Double Bubble Map describing the meat- packing factory that Jurgis visited. Use adjectives based on your notes about what he saw, smelled, and heard. Frame of Reference: At the end of the chapter, what is Jurgiss overall impression of the packinghouse? What does he think about America?

17 Vocabulary Review steer, hog, sow, cattle, swine, pork, beef, ham, calves, bacon Cow, alive: Meat from a cow: Pig, alive: Meat from a pig:

18 Make Sure You Have Turned In: Letter introducing Jurgis to a friend or family member Vocabulary handout Readers Guide – Chapter 2 Readers Guide – Chapter 3 Warm-Up

19 Make Sure You Have Turned In: Letter introducing Jurgis to a friend or family member Vocabulary handout Readers Guide – Chapter 2 Readers Guide – Chapter 3 Warm-Up

20 Monday, April 1 Warm-Up: 10 min, use a dictionary Review chapter 4 & reading guide Overview of chapters 5 & 6 Pre-reading discussion questions for chapter 7 Read chapter 7 (if time) Work on Vocab handout

21 Chapters 4-6 The living conditions at Mrs. Jukneines boarding house are terrible, and the family decides to buy a house. The house is 2 miles from the packinghouse, which means the family has to pay to take the trolley to work every day. A neighbor tells them the history of the house, and explains about paying interest to the bank. The family realizes that they will have to pay much more than they first believed. Ona and one of the children, Stanislovas, find jobs to help pay for all the unexpected expenses.

22 Modernism: Early 1900s Coming of age (growing up, learning difficult life lessons) Disbelief in America as the land of Eden Pursuit of the American Dream Optimism Loss of identity (asking Who am I?) Overcoming obstacles (challenges) Racial inequality

23 Chapter 7 The flashback ends, and we catch up with Jurgis and Ona after their wedding. They are in a lot of debt. They experience their first Chicago winter. They cannot afford coal for a heater or money for the trolley to work. Antanas gets very sick.

24 Chapter 8 Marija falls in love with a neighbor who works in a factory by day and plays violin all night They dream about getting married, starting a family, and finding happiness in Packingtown Jurgiss job gets harder; he joins a workers union in the hopes of bettering his situation

25 Chapter 9 Jurgis begins studying English and learning about Democracy Jurgis learns about the terrible diseases and health problems that factory workers have (p )

26 Chapter 10 The long, hard winter ends, but spring brings new and unexpected problems. Marija gets a new, and more difficult, job. Ona becomes pregnant, and gives birth to a baby boy. They name him Antanas in memory of Jurgiss father.

27 Chapter 11 The family opens its first bank account. Shortly after that, there is a run on the bank and Jurgis and Ona nearly loose all their money. Jurgis has an accident at work and hurts his ankle. He cannot walk and must stay home from work.

28 Chapter 12 Jurgis is unable to work for 3 weeks after his injury. Jurgis cannot find a new job. Stanislovas gets caught in a snowstorm on his way home from work, and two of his fingers get stuck together. He developed a fear of the snow, and Jurgis beats him every day.

29 Chapter 13 Teta Elzbietas son dies. Jurgis gets a job in a fertilizer factory – one of the most disgusting jobs in Packingtown. Page 154: To this part of the yards came all the tankage, and the waste products of all sorts; here they dried out the bones…breathing their lungs full of the fine dust, and doomed to die every one of them.

30 Chapter 14 We learn about Elzbietas new job making the disgusting sausages from spoiled meat. Jurgis is miserable working at the fertilizer factory. He nearly gives up hope. He begins drinking alcohol. Onas behavior changes. She sometimes stays out all night without telling anyone where she is. She is nervous and cries a lot.

31 Focus: Chapters 10 & 14 Half the class will read chapter 10. The other half will read chapter 14. Read your assigned chapter with a partner. While you read, look for evidence of the seven themes of Modernism. Make note of examples and evidence for as many themes as you can find. Prepare to share your evidence with a partner who read a different chapter.

32 Themes in The Jungle Disbelief in America as the land of Eden Coming of AgeOvercoming ObstaclesOptimismLoss of Identity Pursuit of the American Dream

33 Discuss Chapters 10 & 14 Questions to ask your partner: What did you read about? What themes did you find in your chapter? What examples did you find for ___(theme)___? Can you explain how you know this is an example of ____(theme)___?

34 Chapter 15 Jurgis confronts Ona about staying out all night, and discovers a terrible secret. Ona has been working as a prostitute, because her supervisor Connor is threatening to fire her if she does not. Jurgis confronts Connor and gets in trouble with the police.

35 Work Period: Chapter 15 Read (with audio) chapter 15 as a class Continue making notes about evidence of the themes of Modernism.

36 Cause & Effect Describe the causes and effects of one event in The Jungle: – The family finds their old friend, Jokubas Szedvilas

37 Cause & Effect Describe the causes and effects of one event in The Jungle: Group 1: The family moves to Chicago. Group 2: Jurgis hurts his ankle. Group 3: Ona becomes a prostitute. Group 4: Jurgis gets a job at the fertilizer factory. Group 5: (Predict!) Jurgis attacks Connor.

38 Exit Question: Think about the title of the book, The Jungle. What is a jungle? Why did Upton Sinclair title this book, The Jungle?


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