7 Labor Unions Form Early protests Socialism spreads 1820s: collective bargaining1834: 1st union National Trade UnionSocialism spreadsEconomic and political policy that favors public vs. private control of propertyWealth spread to everyone
8 Cont… Knights of Labor 1896 labor union—all workers of any trade Included African AmericansSecret societyTerence Powderly,000 members but disappeared after failed strikes
9 Cont… American Federation of Labor (AFL) Samuel Gompers Craft union Dues for membershipFocus on wages, working hours, working conditionsNo women allowed!
10 Strikes First major strike 1877 railroad Haymarket Square, Chicago 1886 wanted 8 hr work dayMany fights and police called inProtestor threw bomb, killed policemanNot good for the unions
11 Cont… Homestead Strike 1892 Carnegie steel plant cut wages, workers went on strikeHenry Frick brought in the PinkertonsKilled several strikersUnion called off strike
12 Cont…Pullman StrikePullman Palace Car Co. laid off workers and cut wagesWorkers must live in company townsEugene V. Debs called for national strike300,000 rail workers walked off jobPresident called in federal troops—Sherman Antitrust Act