BIRTH CONTROL PILLS Hormonal form of contraception Stops ovaries from releasing eggs Prescribed by a doctor If very careful: 97 - 99% effective against pregnancy Taken orally everyday No protection from STDs or HIV
DEPO-PROVERA A Shot of artificial hormones given by a doctor Stops ovaries from releasing eggs If very careful: 99% effective against pregnancy Shot last 3 months Not protection from STDs or HIV May cause negative side effects: weight gain, spotting, and/or hair loss
PATCH Hormonal form of contraception Stops ovaries from releasing eggs Prescribed by a doctor If very careful: 99% effective against pregnancy Patch is placed on the skin for one week at a time for three weeks. During the forth week, no patch is worn and the woman has her period. No protection from STDs or HIV
VAGINAL RING Hormonal form of contraception Stops ovaries from releasing eggs Prescribed by a doctor If very careful: 99% effective against pregnancy Ring is put into the vagina, left in for three weeks, and then removed. The women will have her period during the forth week. No protection from STDs or HIV
IMPLANON Hormonal form of contraception Stops ovaries from releasing eggs If very careful: 99% effective against pregnancy A small rod is inserted under the skin of the inside arm by a doctor and left in for three years No protection from STDs or HIV
IUD Small device put inside the womb by a doctor Prevents sperm from fertilizing egg Copper-T does not contain hormones Mirena does contain small amount of hormones If very careful: 99% effective against pregnancy Last 5-10 years Should not be used by women with multiple partners No protection from STDs and HIV
DIAPHRAGM Small rubber cup that fits inside the vagina, over the cervix Used with spermicide that kills sperm Fitted by a doctor If very careful: 94% effective against pregnancy Put in prior to sex and left for 6 hours after sex No protection against STDs and HIV
STERILIZATION Operation that makes a person unable to have a baby Permanent Both men and women can be sterilized 99% effective against pregnancy No protection from STDs or HIV
MALE CONDOM Fits over an erect penis and catches sperm when the man ejaculates Can buy in drug stores Protects against STDs and HIV If very careful: 98% effective against pregnancy Do not use “novelty” condoms for intercourse Why Do they break? The condom is old (check the expiration date) Heat and friction causes the latex to break down Did not leave space at the tip for the fluid
FEMALE CONDOM Placed inside of woman’s vagina prior to sex Protects against STDs and HIV Can be bought at drug stores If very careful, 98% effective against pregnancy
SPERMICIDE Chemicals that kill sperm Put into the vagina before sex Used in a long term committed relationship (health dept.) Bought at drug store If very careful, 82% effective against pregnancy Can be used with condoms No protection against STDs or HIV
SPONGE The sponge is put into the vagina and covers the cervix; it kills sperm by releasing spermicide The sponge is moistened with water Put in prior to sex and left in for 6 hours after sex Can be bought at the drug store Effectiveness ranges from 75-90% against pregnancy It can be used with other forms of contraception No protection against STDs or HIV
MORNING AFTER PILL (PLAN B) Can use up to 5 days after unprotected sex The sooner it is taken, it increases the effectiveness against pregnancy Can be bought at a drug store if a person is 18 or older Cost: approx. 50 dollars Side effects: headache, nausea, vomiting, irregular vaginal bleeding
QUESTION 1 What is the only form of contraception that helps protect against STDs and HIV?
QUESTION 2 What hormonal form of contraception is inserted into the vagina and left in for three weeks before removing it? It is very effective against pregnancy but there is no protection against STDs.
QUESTION 3 What form of contraception looks like a small “T” and is surgically put inside the uterus by a doctor? It is effective for 5-10 years against pregnancy. There is no protection against STDs.
QUESTION 4 Julie and Darius want to have sex tonight. They are in a long term committed relationship. Julie has not been to the doctor to discuss any forms of contraception. They do plan on going to the drug store this afternoon. What are two forms of contraception that they could purchase?
QUESTION 5 Which hormonal form of contraception looks like a small rod and is inserted under the skin of the inside of the arm by the doctor? It is effective against pregnancy for 3 years.
QUESTION 6 Addison has decided to have sex with her boyfriend, Todd. Todd has had many sexual partners and has not been tested for STDs or HIV. She wants to get on a hormonal form of contraception. She is very forgetful so does not need a form of contraception that requires her to remember daily or weekly. What two forms of contraception do you suggest that will protect her from STDs and pregnancy?
QUESTION 7 What is the only form of contraception that is 100% effective against pregnancy and STDs?