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The Kingdoms of Life. Kingdom Monera Bacteria and the cyanobacteria ("blue-green algae"). Single-celled organisms Prokaryotic (no nucleus) – single chromosome.

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Presentation on theme: "The Kingdoms of Life. Kingdom Monera Bacteria and the cyanobacteria ("blue-green algae"). Single-celled organisms Prokaryotic (no nucleus) – single chromosome."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Kingdoms of Life

2 Kingdom Monera Bacteria and the cyanobacteria ("blue-green algae"). Single-celled organisms Prokaryotic (no nucleus) – single chromosome – small ribosomes – reproduce by simple division – autotrophic can synthesize their own foods – heterotrophic digest preformed organic matter.

3 Monera sp. http://jpkc.njau.edu.cn/spwswx/cankao/ShowArt icle.asp?ArticleID=314 http://jpkc.njau.edu.cn/spwswx/cankao/ShowArt icle.asp?ArticleID=314

4 Kingdom Protista Protozoa, paramecium, the one-celled algae, and the slime molds. Eukaryotic (have a nucleus) Unicellular – autotrophic or heterotrophic – nucleus and organelles in their cytoplasm – multiple chromosomes – large ribosomes – reproduce by mitosis (nucleus splits in two)

5 protista sp.

6

7 Kingdom Fungi Yeasts, molds, mildews, mushrooms, and other similar organisms Eukaryotic and heterotrophic Unicellular to long chains of cells called filamentous fungi. Cell wall contains chitin or cellulose Absorbs small molecules of food from the outside environment.

8 Fungi sp.

9 Kingdom Plantae Autotrophic Multi-cellular Cell wall and cell membrane Chloroplasts capture sunlight and convert it to organic matter (photosynthesis )

10 Plant Sp.

11 Kingdom Animalia Heterotrophic Multi-cellular Nervous system Tissues Mobile

12 Animal Sp.

13 Now What? Organisms are grouped by characteristics – Kingdom Animalia Vertebrates (animals w/ back bones) Invertebrates (animals w/o backbones)

14 Kingdom Animalia Phylum: Chordates (This means the wolf had a notochord that developed into its backbone.) Class: Mammals (This means the wolf has hair, bears live young, and nurses them with mammary glands.) Order:Carnivores (This means the wolf is a meat eater.) Family: Canids (This means the wolf has nonretractable claws, a long muzzle, and separate toes.) Genus: Canis (This means the wolf is a member of the dog family.) Species: lupus (This refers to a particular type of wolf known as the European wolf.)

15 Binomial Nomenclature Developed by Carlos Linneaus Identifies an individual species Latin First word is the Genus, always capitalized and in italics Second word is the species, always lower case and in italics

16 Relatives Canis lupusEuropean Wolf Canis familiarisCommon Dog Felis tigrinaTiger Felis domesticusCommon cat

17 Kings Play Cards On Friday, Generally Speaking. Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species

18 Classification Quiz 1. A feature that distinguishes organisms from the Kingdom Monera is that their cells a. contain specialized organelles. b. contain a nucleus. c. contain chloroplasts. d. lack a nucleus.

19 2. Which of the following statements is true about the binomial nomenclature system of classification? a. The genus and species names describe a specific organism. b. The category of Kingdom is very specific. c. The category of species is very broad. d. Three names are needed to correctly specify a particular organism.

20 3. Which Kingdom contains organisms that have plant-like and animal-like characteristics? a. Animal Kingdom b. Plant Kingdom c. Fungi Kingdom d. Moneran Kingdom

21 4. Which of the following answers has the different classification levels in the correct order from most general to most specific? a. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, species b. Order, Family, Genus, species, Class, Phylum, Kingdom c. species, Genus, Family, Order, Class, Phylum, Kingdom d. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, species, Genus, Family, Order

22 5. Which of the following Kingdom's members are multicellular AND autotrophic? a. Fungi b. Animal c. Protist d. Plant

23 6. Which of the following Kingdom's members are single celled with a nucleus AND either autotrophic or heterotrophic? a. Fungi b. Animal c. Protist d. Plant

24 7. Which of the following Kingdom's members are multicellular, mobile, AND heterotrophic? a. Fungi b. Animal c. Protist d. Plant

25 8. The term heterotrophic means- – a. the ability to make your own food – b. the organism must eat food to get energy – c. the organism has both male and female reproductive parts – d. the organism lives in the tropics

26 9. The term autotrophic means- – a. the ability to make your own food – b. the organism must eat food to get energy – c. the organism has both male and female reproductive parts – d. the organism lives in the tropics

27 10. Which of the following examples of organisms are eukaryotic? – a. rosemary, horse, jellyfish, mushroom – b. paramecium, tree, bacteria, mold – c. algae, e. coli, elephant, giraffe – d. salmon, horse, tomato, bacteria


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