2Kingdom Monera Bacteria and the cyanobacteria ("blue-green algae"). Single-celled organismsProkaryotic (no nucleus)single chromosomesmall ribosomesreproduce by simple divisionautotrophic can synthesize their own foodsheterotrophic digest preformed organic matter.
4Kingdom ProtistaProtozoa, paramecium, the one-celled algae, and the slime molds.Eukaryotic (have a nucleus)Unicellularautotrophic or heterotrophicnucleus and organelles in their cytoplasmmultiple chromosomeslarge ribosomesreproduce by mitosis (nucleus splits in two)
7Kingdom FungiYeasts, molds, mildews, mushrooms, and other similar organismsEukaryotic and heterotrophicUnicellular to long chains of cells called filamentous fungi.Cell wall contains chitin or celluloseAbsorbs small molecules of food from the outside environment.
13Organisms are grouped by characteristics Now What?Organisms are grouped by characteristicsKingdom AnimaliaVertebrates (animals w/ back bones)Invertebrates (animals w/o backbones)
14Kingdom Animalia Phylum: Chordates (This means the wolf had a notochord that developed into its backbone.)Class:Mammals (This means the wolf has hair, bears live young, and nurses them with mammary glands.)Order:Carnivores (This means the wolf is a meat eater.)Family:Canids (This means the wolf has nonretractable claws, a long muzzle, and separate toes.)Genus:Canis (This means the wolf is a member of the dog family.)Species:lupus (This refers to a particular type of wolf known as the European wolf.)
15Binomial Nomenclature Developed by Carlos LinneausIdentifies an individual speciesLatinFirst word is the Genus, always capitalized and in italicsSecond word is the species, always lower case and in italics
16RelativesCanis lupus European WolfCanis familiaris Common DogFelis tigrina TigerFelis domesticus Common cat
17Kings Play Cards On Friday, Generally Speaking. KingdomPhylumClassOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
18Classification Quiz1. A feature that distinguishes organisms from the Kingdom Monera is that their cellsa. contain specialized organelles.b. contain a nucleus.c. contain chloroplasts.d. lack a nucleus.
192. Which of the following statements is true about the binomial nomenclature system of classification?a. The genus and species names describe a specific organism.b. The category of Kingdom is very specific.c. The category of species is very broad.d. Three names are needed to correctly specify a particular organism.
203. Which Kingdom contains organisms that have plant-like and animal-like characteristics? a. Animal Kingdomb. Plant Kingdomc. Fungi Kingdomd. Moneran Kingdom
214. Which of the following answers has the different classification levels in the correct order from most general to most specific?a. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, species b. Order, Family, Genus, species, Class, Phylum, Kingdomc. species, Genus, Family, Order, Class, Phylum, Kingdomd. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, species, Genus, Family, Order
225. Which of the following Kingdom's members are multicellular AND autotrophic? a. Fungib. Animalc. Protistd. Plant
236. Which of the following Kingdom's members are single celled with a nucleus AND either autotrophic or heterotrophic?a. Fungib. Animalc. Protistd. Plant
247. Which of the following Kingdom's members are multicellular, mobile, AND heterotrophic? a. Fungib. Animalc. Protistd. Plant
258. The term heterotrophic means- a. the ability to make your own foodb. the organism must eat food to get energyc. the organism has both male and female reproductive partsd. the organism lives in the tropics
269. The term autotrophic means- a. the ability to make your own foodb. the organism must eat food to get energyc. the organism has both male and female reproductive partsd. the organism lives in the tropics
2710. Which of the following examples of organisms are eukaryotic? a. rosemary, horse, jellyfish, mushroomb. paramecium, tree, bacteria, moldc. algae, e. coli, elephant, giraffed. salmon, horse, tomato, bacteria