Presentation on theme: "The Kingdoms of Life. Kingdom Monera Bacteria and the cyanobacteria ("blue-green algae"). Single-celled organisms Prokaryotic (no nucleus) – single chromosome."— Presentation transcript:
The Kingdoms of Life
Kingdom Monera Bacteria and the cyanobacteria ("blue-green algae"). Single-celled organisms Prokaryotic (no nucleus) – single chromosome – small ribosomes – reproduce by simple division – autotrophic can synthesize their own foods – heterotrophic digest preformed organic matter.
Kingdom Protista Protozoa, paramecium, the one-celled algae, and the slime molds. Eukaryotic (have a nucleus) Unicellular – autotrophic or heterotrophic – nucleus and organelles in their cytoplasm – multiple chromosomes – large ribosomes – reproduce by mitosis (nucleus splits in two)
Kingdom Fungi Yeasts, molds, mildews, mushrooms, and other similar organisms Eukaryotic and heterotrophic Unicellular to long chains of cells called filamentous fungi. Cell wall contains chitin or cellulose Absorbs small molecules of food from the outside environment.
Kingdom Plantae Autotrophic Multi-cellular Cell wall and cell membrane Chloroplasts capture sunlight and convert it to organic matter (photosynthesis )
Kingdom Animalia Heterotrophic Multi-cellular Nervous system Tissues Mobile
Now What? Organisms are grouped by characteristics – Kingdom Animalia Vertebrates (animals w/ back bones) Invertebrates (animals w/o backbones)
Kingdom Animalia Phylum: Chordates (This means the wolf had a notochord that developed into its backbone.) Class: Mammals (This means the wolf has hair, bears live young, and nurses them with mammary glands.) Order:Carnivores (This means the wolf is a meat eater.) Family: Canids (This means the wolf has nonretractable claws, a long muzzle, and separate toes.) Genus: Canis (This means the wolf is a member of the dog family.) Species: lupus (This refers to a particular type of wolf known as the European wolf.)
Binomial Nomenclature Developed by Carlos Linneaus Identifies an individual species Latin First word is the Genus, always capitalized and in italics Second word is the species, always lower case and in italics
Relatives Canis lupusEuropean Wolf Canis familiarisCommon Dog Felis tigrinaTiger Felis domesticusCommon cat
Kings Play Cards On Friday, Generally Speaking. Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species
Classification Quiz 1. A feature that distinguishes organisms from the Kingdom Monera is that their cells a. contain specialized organelles. b. contain a nucleus. c. contain chloroplasts. d. lack a nucleus.
2. Which of the following statements is true about the binomial nomenclature system of classification? a. The genus and species names describe a specific organism. b. The category of Kingdom is very specific. c. The category of species is very broad. d. Three names are needed to correctly specify a particular organism.
3. Which Kingdom contains organisms that have plant-like and animal-like characteristics? a. Animal Kingdom b. Plant Kingdom c. Fungi Kingdom d. Moneran Kingdom
4. Which of the following answers has the different classification levels in the correct order from most general to most specific? a. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, species b. Order, Family, Genus, species, Class, Phylum, Kingdom c. species, Genus, Family, Order, Class, Phylum, Kingdom d. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, species, Genus, Family, Order
5. Which of the following Kingdom's members are multicellular AND autotrophic? a. Fungi b. Animal c. Protist d. Plant
6. Which of the following Kingdom's members are single celled with a nucleus AND either autotrophic or heterotrophic? a. Fungi b. Animal c. Protist d. Plant
7. Which of the following Kingdom's members are multicellular, mobile, AND heterotrophic? a. Fungi b. Animal c. Protist d. Plant
8. The term heterotrophic means- – a. the ability to make your own food – b. the organism must eat food to get energy – c. the organism has both male and female reproductive parts – d. the organism lives in the tropics
9. The term autotrophic means- – a. the ability to make your own food – b. the organism must eat food to get energy – c. the organism has both male and female reproductive parts – d. the organism lives in the tropics
10. Which of the following examples of organisms are eukaryotic? – a. rosemary, horse, jellyfish, mushroom – b. paramecium, tree, bacteria, mold – c. algae, e. coli, elephant, giraffe – d. salmon, horse, tomato, bacteria