Presentation on theme: "Rhyme and Meter in Poetry"— Presentation transcript:
1Rhyme and Meter in Poetry Another Note Taking Adventure
2Rhyme SchemeSome poems and poem types follow a rhythmic pattern called a rhyme scheme. Often, this occurs in the last word in each line of a stanza.
3Rhyme Scheme example #1 Simple Rhyme Scheme A From Dream-LandBy a route obscure and lonely,Haunted by ill angels only,Where an Eidolon, named NightOn a black throne reign upright.~Poe, Edgar AllenRhyme SchemeAB
4Rhyme Scheme Example #2 More Complex Rhyme Scheme From The New ColossusNot like the brazen giant of Greek fameWith conquering limbs astride from land to landHere at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall standA mighty woman with a torch, whose flame~Lazarus, EmmaRhyme SchemeAB
5Do NowRead I Wandered As Lonely As A Cloud by William Wordsworth and In Between by P. Lord. Map out the rhyme schemes for each poem. Write the rhyme scheme in your journals.
6Types of RhymeCommon Rhyme: (bat, hat) (Hair, Flair) (Portray, Convey)Internal Rhyme: These are rhymes within a line of poetry.
7Internal Rhyme Example From The RavenOnce upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary AAOver many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore BWhile I nodded, nearly napping, Suddenly there came a tapping, CCAs of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door CCB~Poe, Edgar Allen
8Types of RhymeSlant Rhyme: These are near rhymes used liberally or when no common rhyme can be formed.
9Slant Rhyme Examples What is a slant rhyme for Orange … Door Hinge Vacuum …Ginger Bread…Finish these Typhoid…Hurricane…Garbage…
10Slant Rhyme Examples #2We were camped on the plains at the head of the Cimarron When along came a stranger who stopped to arger some. He looked so very foolish that we began to look around, We thought he was a greenhorn that had just ’scaped from town.Spanish is the lovin’ tongue, Soft as music, light as spray. ’Twas a girl I learnt it from Livin’ down Sonora way. I don’t look much like a lover, Yet I say her love words over Often when I’m all alone— “Mi amor, mi corazon.”
11HomeworkCreate a rhyme scheme with at least four sets of rhymes. Write a poem using that rhyme scheme. This may be on any subject.Extra challenge: Try to incorporate all three types of rhyme in this poem.
12MeterMeter in poetry is like a drumbeat in a song. It is the up and down rhythm created by syllables in a line of poetry.
13Example of Meter Ex: Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers Question: Do you hear the up and down rhythm?
14Do NowWrite “Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers.” Draw an up arrow over where the meter/stress goes up and a down arrow below where it goes down.
16Finished ExampleEach arrow represents a syllable. There are 12 syllables altogether.The up arrow represents a “stressed” syllable and the down arrow an “unstressed syllable. Together they are called a “trochee”.The opposite of a trochee is an “iamb”
17Example of what a trochee look like. StressUnstressPoets represent stressed and unstressed syllables like this.
18Shakespeare and IambsShakespeare is famous for using Iambs in his poetry.He used Iambic Pentameter almost exclusively.So what is Iambic pentameter?Lets break it down.
19Iambic pentameterAn iamb is an unstressed and a stressed syllable. Penta (like Pentagon) means five and meter is the rhythm. So Iambic pentameter means there will be five iambs per line of poetry (or 10 syllables).
21Syllabic RhymeSome poets use meter as a form of rhyme. This helps trick the mind into anticipating the length of the next line of poetry.
22Example of Syllabic rhyme MY SOUL IS DARKMy soul is dark – Oh! quickly string And ach’d in sleepless silence long;The harp I yet can brook to hear; And now ‘tis doom’d to know the worst,And let thy gentle fingers fling And break at once – or yield to song.Its melting murmurs o’er mine ear.If in this heart a hope be dear, ~Lord Byron (1815)That sound shall charm it forth again:If in these eyes there lurk a tear, (All 8 Syllable Lines)‘Twill flow, and cease to burn my brain.But bid the strains be wild and deep,Nor let thy notes of joy be first:I tell thee, minstrel, I must weep,Or else this heavy heart will burst;For it hath been by sorrow nursed,
23Do NowRead I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud and In Between again, and find out what type of syllabic rhyme is used.
24HomeworkCreate a rhyming poem that has a working rhyme scheme, that also uses syllabic rhyme.Use one of these two patternsMeter (8,6) Rhyme Scheme(aabbccdd)ORMeter (Iambic Pentameter) Rhyme Scheme (ababcdcd)