Rhyme Final word sounds that repeat at the end of lines Example rhyme schemes: ABAB, ABBA, AABB, ABCABC
DUST OF SNOW The way a crow Shook down on me The dust of snow From a hemlock tree Has given my heart A change of mood And saved some part Of a day I had rued.
Rhythm The recurring pattern of strong and weak syllabic stresses
Song of Myself I celebrate myself, and sing myself, And what I assume you shall assume, For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.
Meter A fixed pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in lines of fixed length to create rhythm AKA: the beat of a poem
Jack and Jill went up the hill, To fetch a pail of water; Jack fell down, and broke his crown, And Jill came tumbling after. Then up Jack got and off did trot, As fast as he could caper, To old Dame Dob, who patched his nob With vinegar and brown paper.
Onomatopoeia The use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning, or a word that sounds like the thing it describes Examples: bang, whoosh, splat
Repetition Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis Example: Because I do not hope to turn again Because I do not hope Because I do not hope to turn… - Ash- Wednesday, T.S. Eliot
Alliteration Repetition of the initial sounds of words She sells seashells by the seashore.
Assonance Repetition of vowel sounds Here’s an example: I know this rose is only an ink-and-paper rose but see how it grows and goes on growing beneath your eyes - “A Rose for Janet,” by Charles Tomlinson
Consonance Repetition of consonant sounds at the end of stressed syllables, without repeating vowel sounds Example: a stroke of luck
End Rhyme When the last word in a sentence rhymes with the last word in another sentence. –Example: “There was an old woman who swallowed a fly. I don’t know why she swallowed the fly. perhaps she’ll die.”
Internal Rhyme Sometimes the last word in a line will be echoed by a word placed at the beginning or in the middle of the following line. Example: –“The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door. ‘Tis some visitor,’ I muttered, ‘tapping at my chamber door; Only this, and nothing more.’”
Mood Mood, or atmosphere, is the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage. Writer’s use many devices to create mood, including images, dialogue, setting, and plot. Often, a writer creates a mood at the beginning of a work and then sustains the mood throughout. Sometimes, however, the mood of the work changes dramatically
Tone Tone is a reflection of a writer’s or speaker’s attitude toward a subject of a poem, story, or other literary work. Tone may be communicated through words and details that express particular emotions and that evoke and emotional response from the reader.
Stanza One of the divisions of a poem, composed of two or more lines usually characterized by a common pattern of meter, rhyme, and number of lines.
Refrain One or more lines repeated before or after the stanzas of a poem Often used in songs.
Tom Petty - Time to Move On It's time to move on, time to get going What lies ahead, I have no way of knowing But under my feet, baby, grass is growing It's time to move on, it's time to get going Broken skyline, movin' through the airport She's an honest defector Conscientious objector Now her own protector Broken skyline, which way to love land Which way to something better Which way to forgiveness Which way do I go Time to move on, time to get going What lies ahead, I have no way of knowing But under my feet, baby, grass is growing It's time to move on, it's time to get going Sometime later, getting the words wrong Wasting the meaning and losing the rhyme Nauseous adrenaline Like breakin' up a dogfight Like a deer in the headlights Frozen in real time I'm losing my mind It's time to move on, time to get going What lies ahead, I have no way of knowing But under my feet, baby, grass is growing It's time to move on, it's time to get going