Presentation on theme: "The Impact of School, Family, and Community Connections on Student Achievement Rebecca Derenge Office of Instructional Services West Virginia Department."— Presentation transcript:
The Impact of School, Family, and Community Connections on Student Achievement Rebecca Derenge Office of Instructional Services West Virginia Department of Education
What is Title I? Its the nations largest federal assistance program for schools.
The goal of Title I is to help every child get a high-quality education.
Title I helps students, teachers and parents. The program can help: - children do better in school and feel better about themselves - teachers understand the needs and concerns of students and parents.
The program can help: - parents understand their child and be more involved in the childs education.
Be active in your Title I program. Start by attending the annual Title I meeting. Its a great way to: Learn more about Title I and your rights and responsibilities as a parent
Its a great way to: Work with other parents and teachers. Begin to plan and carry out programs.
Know your rights. As the parent of a child in a Title I school, you have the right to: See progress reports on your child and the school Request information about your childs teachers qualifications.
Know your rights. As the parent of a child in a Title I school, you have the right to: Help decide if Title I is meeting your childs needs, and offer suggestions for improvement.
The school-parent compact states the goals and responsibilities of parents, students and schools.
How does Title I work? Federal, state and local governments work together. 1.The federal government provides funding to the state. To get funds each state must submit a plan describing: What all students are expected to know and be able to do.
How does Title I work? Federal, state and local governments work together. 1.The federal government provides funding to the state. To get funds each state must submit a plan describing: The standards of performance that all students are expected to meet
How does Title I work? Federal, state and local governments work together. 1.The federal government provides funding to the state. To get funds each state must submit a plan describing: Ways to measure the schools progress.
The state educational agency (SEA) sends the money to school districts based on the number of families below a set income level.
The local school district (called a local education agency, or LEA) identifies eligible schools and distributes Title I resources.
Title I may also help students by offering parenting skills workshops for parents.
Title I schools work to: Identify students most in need of educational help (students do not have to meet income standards to qualify) Set goals for improvement Measure student progress using standards set in the States Title I plan Develop programs that add to regular classroom instruction. Involve parents in all aspects of the program
A parental involvement policy helps parents understand and take part in the schools efforts.
Title I programs generally offer: More teachers and assistants More training for school staff Extra time for instruction A variety of teaching methods and materials Smaller classes Counseling and mentoring Career and college information
Title I serves children through one of two types of programs: Schoolwide Targeted Assistance
Be a part of Title Is success. Participate in your childs education. You can: Attend school events Talk about homework with your child Show how schoolwork relates to daily life
Be a part of Title Is success. Participate in your childs education. You can: Make an appointment to visit the classroom as an observer, volunteer or assistant. Join parents organizations.
Be a part of Title Is success. Participate in your childs education. You can: Ask the school about trainings that the LEA and school must provide to help parents participate in Title I.
Be aware of your childs performance. Attend parent-teacher conferences Request additional meetings, if needed. Keep teachers informed about events and issues that may affect your childs work or behavior.
What would you do? If you are a new principal in a troubled inner city school? If you are a parent leader or a teacher concerned about improving the reading proficiency of the children in your school? If you are a legislator or state educational agency employee seeking ways to get more schools to work effectively with the families and community to increase student achievement?
You Could….. Look at results of studies that show a convincing link between student achievement and various approaches to parent and community involvement. Search for some tested ways that teachers and parents have worked together to improve reading skills and test scores. Learn about some promising approaches that might be aided by new policies or increased funding.
A New Wave of Evidence The Impact of School, Family, and Community Connections on Student Achievement National Center for Family & Community Connections with Schools Anne T. Henderson Karen L. Mapp
Research on Characteristics of High Performing Schools 1. A clear and shared focus 2. High Standards and expectations for all students 3. Effective school leadership 4. High levels of collaboration and communication
Research on Characteristics of High Performing Schools 5. Curriculum, instruction, and assessments aligned with state standards. 6. Frequent monitoring of teaching and learning 7. Focused professional development 8. A supportive learning environment 9. High levels of parent and community involvement
Synthesis of Research Studies Studies are divided into three categories: 1.Impact of Parent and Community Involvement on Student Achievement 2.Effective strategies to connect schools, family, and community, and 3.Parent and community organizing efforts to improve schools.
The section on Research provides summaries of the 51 studies described in A New Wave of Evidence – Annual Synthesis 2002
How do the studies define parent involvement? Joyce L. Epstein Ph.D., Sociology, Johns Hopkins University Joyce Epstein and her colleagues at the Center on Family, School, and Community Partnerships at Johns Hopkins University, have developed a useful framework of six types of parent involvement. It shows how parent involvement is frequently broken down and defined. Many researchers used some variation of this framework.
The Keys to Successful Partnerships Parenting Skills Communicating Volunteering Learning at Home Decision-Making Collaborating with the Community
Community School Family Student
Studies on the Impact of Parent and Community Involvement on Student Achievement Key Finding Programs and interventions that engage families in supporting their childrens learning at home are linked to higher student achievement.
Studies on the Impact of Parent and Community Involvement on Student Achievement Key Finding The continuity of family involvement at home appears to have a protective effect on children as they progress through our complex education system. The more families support their childrens learning and educational progress, the more their children tend to do well in school and continue their education.
Studies on the Impact of Parent and Community Involvement on Student Achievement Key Finding Families of all cultural backgrounds, education, and income levels encourage their children, talk with them about school, help them plan for higher education, and keep them focused on learning and homework. In other words, all families can, and often do, have a positive influence on their childrens learning.
Studies on the Impact of Parent and Community Involvement on Student Achievement Key Finding Parent and community involvement that is linked to student learning has a greater effect on achievement than more general forms of involvement. To be effective, the form of involvement should be focused on improving achievement and be designed to engage families and students in developing specific knowledge and skills.
Studies on Effective Strategies to Connect Schools, Families and Community Key Finding Programs that successfully connect with families and community invite involvement, are welcoming, and address specific parent and community needs.
Studies on Effective Strategies to Connect Schools, Families and Community Key Finding Parent involvement programs that are effective in engaging diverse families recognize, respect, and address cultural and class differences.
Studies on Effective Strategies to Connect Schools, Families and Community Key Finding Effective programs to engage families and community embrace a philosophy of partnership. The responsibility for childrens educational development is a collaborative enterprise among parents, school staff, and community members.
Studies on Parent and Community Organizing Efforts to Improve Schools Key Finding Organized initiatives to build parent and community leadership to improve low-performing schools are developing in low-income urban areas and the rural South. These community organizing efforts use strategies that are aimed at establishing a power base to hold schools and school districts accountable for low student achievement. They have contributed to changes in policy, resources, personnel, school culture, and educational programs.
How can we put these findings into action? Recognize that all parents regardless of income, education, or cultural background – are involved in their childrens learning and want their children to do well. Design programs that will support families to guide their childrens learning, from preschool through high school. Develop the capacity of school staff to work with families.
How can we put these findings into action? Link efforts to engage families, whether based at school or in the community, to student learning. Build families social and political connections. Focus efforts to engage families and community members on developing trusting and respectful relationships.
How can we put these findings into action? Embrace a philosophy of partnership and be willing to share power with families. Build strong connections between schools and community organizations. Include families in all strategies to reduce the achievement gap among, white middle-class students and low-income students.