Presentation on theme: "Audience: Local school/PTA leaders (PTA president, school principal, school board members, PTA board) Presenter: State/district PTA leader."— Presentation transcript:
1Audience: Local school/PTA leaders (PTA president, school principal, school board members, PTA board)Presenter: State/district PTA leader
2National Standards for Family-School Partnerships What We Can Do Together to Support Student SuccessPromoting and supporting parent involvement in the education of all children has been a priority of PTA at the local, state, national, and international level for its more than 100 years. From implementing programs that create opportunities for parents to connect to each other and their local schools to leading efforts that influence national policy on issues that affect the educational success and healthy development of children and youth, PTA has been and continues to be a powerful voice for all children. That’s not new. What is new is a commitment to expanding the focus to promote not only what schools can do to involve parents but what schools, parents and community must do in partnership to support student learning.
3Our GoalsHighlight the research that links family involvement to student successIntroduce PTA’s National Standards for Family-School PartnershipsExplore how PTA leaders can support the implementation of these Standards[This slide is optional. If you decide to use it, you may begin with the following:]Over the next hour [or however long you have], we plan to achieve the following objectives:Highlight the research that links family involvement to student success.Introduce PTA’s National Standards for Family-School Partnerships.Explore how PTA leaders can support the implementation of these Standards.
4Overall Finding from the Research When families are involved at home and at school, children do better in school.In A New Wave of Evidence: The Impact of School, Family, and Community Connections on Student Achievement, a 2002 research synthesis of more than 50 studies, Anne T. Henderson and Karen L. Mapp conclude that there is a positive and convincing relationship between family involvement and student achievement. This holds true regardless of race/ethnicity, class, or parents’ level of education.
5Getting Parents Involved No matter what their family income or background may be, students with involved parents are more likely to:Earn higher grades and test scoresPass their classesAttend school regularlyHave better social skillsGraduate and go on to postsecondary educationWhether parents are in the school on a regular basis or simply making sure their children go to school every day ready to learn and consistently instilling the importance of education, students will do better in school. Research has shown that no matter what their family income or background may be, students with involved parents are more likely to:Earn higher grades and test scores.Be promoted, pass their classes, and earn credits.Attend school regularly.Have better social skills, show improved behavior, and adapt well to school.Graduate and go on to postsecondary education.However, there are family conditions that create barriers to family involvement that must be addressed if all children are to succeed.(Henderson & Mapp, 2002)
6Different Doesn’t Mean Deficient Parents of diverse backgrounds:May not initiate contact with the schoolMay have had a negative school experienceMay feel intimidated by school personnel or the school environmentThe degree of social capital a family has will have a tremendous impact on how they relate to schools. Initiating contact with people or institutions you perceive to have power over you can be very intimidating.
7Key Challenges to Addressing Differences Improving student performanceAddressing racial tensions and biasDealing with differences of classWhile some schools have figured out how to use their diversity as a powerful teaching tool, many are still struggling for answers.The research has identified three key challenges to addressing racial, cultural and income differences that directly impact school success. They are:Improving student performance,Addressing racial tensions and bias, andDealing with differences of class or income.In order to effectively address these challenges, as a first step, each of us – principals, teachers and other school staff, parent leaders, family members and community partners – must examine our own assumptions about family differences. As the research shows, when parents feel valued and welcomed, they get involved. It’s up to us as a community to make all families feel welcomed.As PTA leaders, consider the following strategies to addressing these challenges:Find out more about all the cultures in your school. Invite speakers from those communities to talk to the faculty. Find out what multicultural professional development is available from your school district or other places in your community. Make sure invitations to school meetings or events are in the language of the home. Pronounce family names correctly.If your school is in a low-income neighborhood, teachers and principals probably don’t live near the school, shop in the neighborhood, or socialize with residents or families outside the school setting. Create opportunities to raise awareness about the assets in the community and the families that live there.Examine how your school responds to families who don’t seem to have middle-class advantages or experiences. We must help all partners – parents and school leaders – believe that every family, regardless of income, has something to contribute.
8Why Parents Get Involved Parents are more likely to become involved when they:Understand that they should be involvedFeel capable of making a contributionFeel invited by the school and their childrenAlthough much research has been done to support the link between student success and parent involvement, there is less research about why parents become involved and how their involvement influences student learning. Kathleen Hoover-Dempsey, a researcher in the field of parent involvement, has determined three key factors that motivate parents to become involved. She found that when parents:Believed that they were supposed to be involved,Believed that their involvement would make a difference, andWere actively invited by teachers and their children to be involved…They became more involved with the school and with their children’s learning.(Hoover-Dempsey and Sandler, 1997)
9National Standards for Family-School Partnerships In 1997, building on the six types of parent involvement identified by Joyce L. Epstein, Ph.D., the PTA developed the National Standards for Parent/Family Involvement Programs. These Standards were intended to serve as an organizing framework for creating programs that promoted and strengthened parent and family involvement in schools. Since the Standards’ inception, thousands of PTAs have used the Standards to advocate for the adoption of parent involvement policies in their schools, districts and state offices of education.In 2007, the Standards were updated to expand the focus from what schools should do to involve parents to what parents, schools, and communities can do together to support student success. To reflect this change, the standards have been renamed the National Standards for Family-School Partnerships.PTA recently developed an assessment guide that identifies goals for each of the Standards and indicators of what success would like when these goals are met. (The guide can be found online at[Ask the group to consider the following questions about their school.]How welcoming is the school environment? Are there welcome signs inside and outside the school, written in all the languages of the school community?Are communication materials informative, regular, and accessible by all families?Do parents have regular opportunities to learn what students are doing in class?Are families consulted about major decisions?Does the PTA and school support leadership opportunities for all families?Is the community engaged in supporting learning through such opportunities as service learning and internships?[Presenter note: To supplement your presentation, consider distributing the “National Standards, Goals, and Indicators for Family-School Partnerships” handout, available at
10Standard 1 Welcoming All Families Goal 1: Creating a Welcoming ClimateDeveloping personal relationshipsCreating a family-friendly atmosphereProviding opportunities for volunteeringGoal 2: Building a Respectful, Inclusive School CommunityRespecting all familiesRemoving economic obstacles to participationEnsuring accessible programmingUnder Standard 1, families are active participants in the life of the school, and feel welcomed, valued, and connected to each other, to school staff, and to what student are learning and doing in class.As you think about your school or schools in your district, consider these questions:How welcoming is the school environment? Are there welcome signs inside and outside the school, written in all the languages of the school community?Is office staff friendly?Are relationships between families and teachers strong?Do the school’s polices and programs reflect, respect and value the diversity of the families in the community?
11Standard 2 Communicating Effectively Goal 1: Sharing Information Between School and FamiliesUsing multiple communication pathsSurveying families to identify issues and concernsHaving access to the principalProviding information on current issuesFacilitating connections among familiesUnder Standard 2, Communicating Effectively, families and school staff engage in regular, two-way, meaningful communication about student learning.As you think about your school or schools in your district, consider these questions:Are communication materials informative, regular, and accessible by all families?Is there a school policy for teacher communication with families?Are there translators?Is there a policy for family communication with teachers?Does the school and PTA provide opportunities for families and staff to share information in a variety of ways (e.g., , home visits, phone calls, printed materials)?Is it easy and convenient for parents to contact teachers and provide feedback to the school around policies and issues of concern?
12Standard 3 Supporting Student Success Goal 1: Sharing Information About Student ProgressEnsuring parent-teacher communicationLinking student work to academic standardsUsing standardized test results to increase achievementSharing school progressGoal 2: Supporting Learning by Engaging FamiliesEngaging families in classroom learningDeveloping family ability to strengthen learning at homePromoting after-school learningUnder Standard 3, families and school staff continuously collaborate to support students’ learning and healthy development both at home and at school, and have regular opportunities to strengthen their knowledge and skills to do so effectively.[Ask the group to consider these questions:]Do parents have regular opportunities to learn what students are doing in class?Is student achievement data used to inform teaching and learning?Do parents have opportunities to learn how to work with their child?Are parent education and other courses or training for parents available (e.g. GED, college credit, family literacy, ESL)?
13Standard 4 Speaking Up for Every Child Goal 1: Understanding How the School System WorksUnderstanding how the school and district operateUnderstanding rights and responsibilities under federal and state lawsLearning about resourcesResolving problems and conflictsGoal 2: Empowering Families to Support Their Own and Other Children’s Success in SchoolDeveloping families’ capacity to be effective advocatesPlanning for the futureSmoothing transitionsEngaging in civic advocacy for student achievementUnder Standard 4, families are empowered to be advocates for their own and other children, to ensure that students are treated fairly and have access to learning opportunities that will support their success.[Ask the group to consider these questions:]Are families consulted about major decisions?Do the PTA and school support leadership opportunities for all families?Does school leadership and other school staff believe that parents should be partners in education?Do parents know how the local school and district operate and how to raise questions or concerns about school and district programs, policies, and activities? Do they understand their rights and responsibilities under federal and state laws?Are parents prepared to monitor students’ progress and guide them toward their goals through high school graduation, postsecondary education, and a career?
14Standard 5 Sharing Power Goal 1: Strengthening the Family’s Voice in Shared Decision MakingHaving a voice in all decisions that affect childrenAddressing equity issuesDeveloping parent leadershipGoal 2: Building Families’ Social and Political ConnectionsConnecting families to local officialsDeveloping an effective parent involvement organization that represents all familiesUnder Standard 5, families and school staff are equal partners in decisions that affect children and families and together inform, influence, and create policies, practices, and programs. This is often one of the hardest standards to achieve.[Ask the group to consider these questions:]Do the PTA and school support leadership opportunities for all families?Does school leadership and other school staff believe that parents should be partners in education?Are families full partners in making decisions on issues that affect their children at school and in the community?Do you believe your PTA represents the needs and concerns of all families?
15Standard 6 Collaborating with Community Goal 1: Connecting the School with Community ResourcesLinking to community resourcesOrganizing support from community partnersTurning the school into a hub of community lifePartnering with community groups to strengthen families and support student successUnder Standard 6, families and school staff collaborate with community members to connect student, families, and staff to expanded learning opportunities, community services, and civic participation.[Ask the group to consider the following questions:]Are families aware of resources in the community that link to learning?Are students organized to provide a service to the community?Is the community engaged in supporting learning through opportunities such as service learning and internships?Are community members included in planning and implementing programs and policies?
16What Leaders Can DoWork with your local or state superintendent to adopt the National Standards as a matter of parent involvement policyConduct presentations on the Standards for your school communityCreate learning opportunities for parents, school staff, and community members to understand how the Standards can be implemented[Presenter note: Read each bullet point on the slide. If time allows, ask the audience to share any experiences that relate to the bullet points.]16
17What Leaders Can DoSolicit feedback from your school community to evaluate your progress toward achieving the StandardsIdentify training needs for improving your planning and implementation processWork collaboratively with the local or state superintendent to celebrate your progress[Presenter note: Read each bullet point on the slide. If time allows, ask the audience to share any experiences that relate to the bullet points.]17
18PTA’s CommitmentWe believe making every child’s potential a reality is the best investment of time and energy your school community can make.With your help, and in partnership with school leadership, school staff and community members, we can make every child’s potential a reality.PTA wants to see every child succeed in school and in life. Each of you here today, as well as everyone else who makes up your school community, including parents, other family members, community members, teachers and other school staff, and the principal, must work together to make that vision a reality. When you return to your schools, consider the following questions: How family-friendly is our school? How well is our school meeting the goals of the National Standards for Family-School Partnerships? What can we do to help make a difference in bridging race, income, and cultural differences in our school?PTA is proud of its efforts to remove barriers to family involvement and help make all families feel welcomed and valued, but we’re more excited about the possibilities of what you will achieve together through a stronger partnership between families and schools.
19(800) 307-4PTA (4782)[Insert your PTA’s contact information on this slide.]