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Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 1 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe European initiatives for a new generation.

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Presentation on theme: "Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 1 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe European initiatives for a new generation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 1 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe European initiatives for a new generation of global satellite communication services Phillipe Renaud and Nikos Fistas Communications and Surveillance Management EUROCONTROL

2 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 2 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Outline of presentation ( The potential of satellite communication services ( Limitations with current satellite systems ( Options for new satellite communication systems ( Business and institutional aspects ( Timescale ( Summary - Conclusions

3 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 3 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Need for a complementary system ( The Aeronautical Mobile Communication Infrastructure needs to evolve to: Accommodate Traffic growth Need for additional capacity outside the VHF band saturation anticipated in Europe even with new VHF technologies Accommodate new ATS functions increasing flight safety, security and efficiency. These data exchanges will increasingly complement voice communication, which will still be required for immediate emergency and non-routine exchanges.

4 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 4 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Satellite communication technology ( Among the candidate systems, satellite-based technologies are being considered due to: their ability to offer near-global coverage they can be used where it is difficult or costly to implement a ground infrastructure spot or regional beams can offer greater capacity where needed (e.g. in high density airspace) they are suited to air-ground communications and broadcast applications their capability to complement terrestrial systems (thus reducing pressure on the VHF spectrum)

5 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 5 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Eurocontrol NexSAT Project ( Mission Statement: to review the capability of satellite systems to complement around 2015+ the existing communications infrastructure ( Main objectives to review existing and emerging technologies and identify candidates to work with industry to assist understanding the requirements and to offer appropriate solutions to co-ordinate with other activities underway in other regions of the world through direct contact to contribute to the ICAO work on future communication technologies to meet with Stakeholders to ensure their views direct this work

6 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 6 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Research and development of new techniques ID 1.1 Emerging or existing systems ID 1.2 Early trials/ demo activity ID 1.3 Assessment of satellite technologies ID 1 Consensus on NexSAT(s) ID 7 Alternative solutions (if any) ID 6 Standardisation Process ID 5 Pre-operational Service ID 13 Initial Business and Institutional reviews ID 3 Initial Safety considerations ID 4 Establish commercial arrangements ID 8 Equipment development/ modification (Ground and Aircraft) ID 9 Operational Service ID 14 In-Service Support ID 15 Safety provisions ID 12 Finalise institutional arrangements ID 11 Confirm Requirements ID 2 Stakeholder Requirements ID2.1 Mission Requirements ID 2.2 Initial deployment including flight trials ID 10.1 Validation ID 10 From concept to implementation

7 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 7 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Current AMSS ( The current AMSS meets its design goals by - offering safety and non-safety services to a full range of users sharing the L-band spectrum ( However, there is limited deployment due to - The cost of aircraft installation and avionics The need to use Large Ground Earth Stations (GES) leading to limited options for communications service provision ( Therefore currently AMSS is being used only in low-density and oceanic type airspace ( New generation satellite communication systems could offer a higher quality of communication service for use in both low and high density airspace

8 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 8 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Required Communications Services ( High levels of availability, reliability and continuity required for safety and regularity of flight communications ATS Service Voice - generally decreasing in use Data - generally increasing in use needs to support future ATM operational concepts from ICAO ATMCP in each type of airspace AOC Service Voice - meet continuing need for voice communications Data - support increasing exchange of data messages

9 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 9 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe *Eurocontrol Report Operating Concept for the future mobile communication infrastructure - D2 Capacity Requirements ( ATM concepts seem to need modest instantaneous throughputs - can be met by a medium rate highly reliable communication system (approx. ~1 kb/s* for data exchanges on average) ( Flexibility to increase the communications capacity in specific high density areas through use of regional or spot beams ( AOC voice requirements are still being considered but airlines foresee a large increase in data communications

10 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 10 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Reuse and improve ( A good infrastructure has been built up so lets re-use it GEO Satellites GESs Spectrum in L-band Terrestrial networks Institutional arrangements ( but improve on it by overlaying it with a system with new features.

11 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 11 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Example regional beam coverage ARTEMIS

12 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 12 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe New Generation Satellite System ( Some possible new features - Low cost avionics Use of advanced access and modulation techniques Option to use Ku-band feeder links enabling small GESs Design in high levels of availability, reliability and continuity required for safety and regularity of flight communications ( These features are being investigated in the ESA Satellite Data Link System (SDLS), a project demonstrating the capabilities of satellite com system and investigating issues

13 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 13 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe ESA Satellite Data Link System ( The ESA SDLS project has been underway for several years ( Key features of SDLS include design to meet to safety and regularity of flight communications Code Division Multiple Access e.g. to allow multiple access and increase overall efficiency Ku feeder link Party-line voice service support for repetitive short messages ( A demonstrator has been developed by Alcatel Space in Toulouse

14 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 14 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Other technologies ( Existing AMSS (i.e. Aero H and I) are being used today for safety and regularity of communication applications (ATS and AOC) and also for non- safety airline administrative (AAC) and passenger communications (AAC and APC) ( Other satellite communication systems that are also being used or are planned include: Inmarsat aeronautical systems - Swift64, BGAN Connexion by Boeing Iridium

15 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 15 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Inmarsat systems ( Aero H,I and L these are being used to offer ATS (and other services) in several regions of the world ( Swift64 introduced to make better use of Aero H infrastructure for non-safety applications e.g. passenger services ( BGAN high data rates (up to 432kb/s) but not designed for safety services ( All systems operate in AMSS L-band ( Global infrastructure in place now and will continue

16 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 16 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Connexion by Boeing ( Service was designed to offer a high-speed Internet in the sky ( Only targeted at non-safety communications I.e. passenger (APC) and non-safety related airline use (AAC) ( Does not operate in protected frequency band obtained a global allocation at WRC03 on a secondary basis ( Trials/service underway by several airlines e.g. Lufthansa, British Airways, SAS, All-Nippon Airways,……

17 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 17 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Iridium ( Iridium offers a truly global coverage with 66 Low Earth Orbiting (LEO) satellites ( Iridium is being used by aviation mainly for non- safety applications e.g. AAC and APC ( However the FAA is planning to use Iridium to augment its terrestrial UAT network in its Capstone project in Alaska ( Iridium offers a voice and data service

18 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 18 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Business Aspects ( A new Satellite communications system could bring benefits to aviation but it has to be at an acceptable cost ( Need buy-in from a range of Stakeholders airspace users ATS providers Communications Service providers Satellite Service providers Manufacturing Industry

19 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 19 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Cost and benefits ( Traditional C-B analysis will be needed to give indicative figures but may not be sufficient ( Need to identify additional business drivers e.g. benefits of early equipage, better operational control, marketing benefits, etc ( A range of business options Single or Multiple ATSPs contract directly with SSP Airlines contract directly with SSP ATSPs and Airlines contract directly with CSP CSP contract directly with SSP and offer service primarily to support airline operation

20 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 20 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Institutional Aspects ( A number of issues have been identified including - standardisation - ICAO, EUROCAE/RTCA, AEEC, etc AMS(R)S spectrum availability - guaranteed amount of spectrum needed at the right time Service level agreements with providers of satellite and communication services Arrangement between satellite service providers needed if provided by several providers e.g. global and regional spots Certification and approval

21 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 21 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Spectrum availability (1/2) ( The currently AMS(R)S operates in the L-band (1.5 / 1.6 GHz) where aviation is a privileged user Radio Regulations give AMS(R)S priority in use of spectrum ( The amount of AMS(R)S spectrum needed is dependent on applications (ATS - Voice & Data; AOC Voice & Data) ( The L-band is attractive for all mobile communication propagation characteristics

22 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 22 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Spectrum availability (2/2) ( Important considerations more non-safety related communications could put pressure on safety users obtaining a world-wide AMS(R)S allocation and deploying systems globally may take some time important for aviation to use the spectrum

23 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 23 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Next steps ( We are finalising the Mission Requirements for the NexSAT service take into account European AND other region requirements contributing to the ICAO activity through the Aeronautical Communications Panel we need inputs from all ICAO regions on future ATS requirements future airline operational control communications requirements input is invited from this region - see Eurocontrol NexSAT web page for contact details

24 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 24 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Summary ( Satellite communication systems are already providing benefits to airspace users and ATSPs in several areas of the world - usually low density oceanic ( New satellite systems could have better performance which may be used to support ATM in higher density airspace such as Europe and in other regions of the world ( Spectrum to support new safety-related applications of satellite communications must be protected ( EUROCONTROL is refining the requirements and will match these to emerging technologies ( Co-ordination and involvement with all regions of the world is vital to achieve a globally harmonised system

25 Asia Pacific ICAO Region COM Implementation Seminar 19/11/03 25 © 2003 EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL One Sky for Europe Useful websites


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