Presentation on theme: "Joint FAA/Eurocontrol Future Communications Study (FCS)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Joint FAA/Eurocontrol Future Communications Study (FCS) ‘One Sky for Europe’EUROCONTROLA I R T R A F F I C O R G A N I Z A T I O NatoJoint FAA/Eurocontrol Future Communications Study (FCS)Brent PhillipsFederal Aviation AdministrationPhilippe RenaudEurocontrolPhone: ;F E D E R A L A V I A T I O N A D M I N I S T R A T I O N • A I R T R A F F I C O R G A N I Z A T I O N
2 Agenda Study Objective Background motivation for Future Communications Study (FCS)Study Organizational Structure and ScopeSchedule
3 FCS Objective Objective: This Study is a coordinated effort between the FAA/NASA and Eurocontrol to progress the identification of a Future Globally Interoperable Communications System to support Air Traffic Management Operations in the time frame of 2020 and beyond.
4 FCS BackgroundAeronautical air-to-ground voice and data communications capacity for Air Traffic Management (ATM) is reaching saturationMost severe in Europe and parts of the United States8.33 kHz channel spacing in Europe25 kHz channel spacing in the USVarious proposals to address this problem have been offered and approved independently; none has achieved global endorsementICAO is seeking a common, global solution through the Aeronautical Communications Panel (ACP)The FAA and Eurocontrol have started a bi-lateral study of the problem with the support of NASA; study to provide major input to ICAO ACP
5 FCS Background (cont’d) AMCP/5 (April 1995)Recommendation 4/2 Future Operational and System Concept Exploration: Explore the likely airspace user needs and the long term system requirements for aeronautical VHF systems in light of ATM operational concept for beyond 2010.AMCP/7 (March 2000)(Task CNS-9102) Carry out the fact-finding and conduct the necessary studies for the development of datalinks for air traffic services and aeronautical operational ControlAMCP WG-C1(Oct 2000)Action WGC/1-9: WG-C to develop a report with the objective to recommend a scenario in which a common global interoperable communication infrastructure could be ensured for the future.ANC/11 (Oct 2003)Recommendation 7/3: In view of anticipated saturation of the VHF band for voice communication, consider transition to spectrally more efficient ICAO systems, and/or make increased use of data communications and investigate multi-mode avionics as a transitional method of achieving interoperability of air/ground communications, where global harmonization has not been achieved.Recommendation 7/4: Investigate new terrestrial and satellite-based technologies, on the basis of their potential for ICAO standardization for aeronautical mobile communications use, taking into account the safety-critical standards of aviation and the associated cost issues.FAA/Eurocontrol Meeting (Oct 2003)Agreement to undertake a study to investigate future communications needs and technologies.
6 US FAA/EUROCONTROL FCS Organizational Structure Future Communications StudySteering Group(Co-Chair- James Eck/FAA)(Co-Chair – Mel Rees/Eurocontrol)Study DirectionManagement CoordinationStudy Team Leads(Brent Phillips/FAA)(Philippe Renaud/ Eurocontrol)Resource PlanningTeam Tasking & coordinationInternational CoordinationTechnology AssessmentNASA Glenn Research Center(Jim Budinger/NASA)(Philippe Renaud/Eurocontrol)Operational Concepts& Requirements(G. Anderson/FAA)(Danny Van Roosbroek/Eurocontrol)Operational EnvironmentDescription& Transition Analysis(Rhonda Thomas/FAA)Candidate TechnologiesTechnology Feasibility/MaturitySystem Modeling/Simulation Prototype/TestData/Voice Ops ConceptsFunctional AnalysisVoice Usage ProjectionData Throughput analysisHuman FactorsSystem Architecture Safety/CertificationSecuritySpectrumAirborne Co-siteGround System Integration Cost/Benefits ConsiderationsITT/QQ Support
7 The Scope of FCS is ATS Communications* CockpitCabinATSAOCAACAPC“Aircomms”LegendATS - Air Traffic ServicesAOC - Airline Operational Comm’sAAC - Airline Administrative Comm’sAPC - Airline Passenger Comm’sLower message size/data volumenarrow-bandbroadbandLower transmission delayrealtime“near-realtime”n./a.Increasing integritysafety relatednon-safety relatedIncreasing confidentialityall airlinesairline internalIncreasing public responsibilitypublicprivateHigher service costniche marketmass marketIncreasing likelihood of servicestrong needmarket success questionable“ATM comms”“APC comms”*However, the ability of the system to support AOC etc. is a positive collateral benefit in that it addresses the needs of an important stakeholder and supports advanced information sharing (SWIM)Figure from: The future role of satcom in civil aviation – ATN Astrium
9 Elements of the Candidate Technology Pre-Screening RTCAEurocontrolFAAICAOConsensus DocumentationAvionicsService ProviderAirlinesSpectrumCaptured Infrastructure (Current/Planned)Identified NeedsITU – SpectrumICAO/RTCAFAAAEECCaptured Organizational Process Flow and ScheduleCommercial ImplementationsDemonstrationsPrototypesStandardsMeets Needs?Captured Technology StatusCosts/ImpactsTechnology MaturitySafetyEvaluation CriteriaChosen for Further Study with Associated RoadmapInput Candidate TechnologiesCaptured from ACP and other sourcesOutput Candidate TechnologiesEvaluation
10 Study Schedule Task Name 2004 2005 2006 JFMAMJJASONDJFMAMJJASONDJFMAMJJASONDInitial Comm Operating Concept and RqmtsParse Comm Rqmts (and Environment description) from ICAO & RTCA ATS CONOPSEstablish Initial Operational Concept, Services, Environment and RequirementsDeliver Initial Comm Operating Concept and RqmtsFinalize Comm Operating Concept and RequirementsTechnology AssessmentTechnology Pre-ScreeningInitial Technology DownselectDetailed Alternatives Investigation and DownselectTechnology SimulationDefine Communications Roadmap (Transition)Deliver Communications Study Report5/0412/045/ /047/ /0412/ /0412/048/0511/065/046/ /0411/ /051/ /0611/0611/059/063/0612/0611/06
11 Timeline Towards GACS 2020Decision on technology WRC 2007 requirements / papersInitiation of standardsValidation of standardsAdoption of standards04050607080910111213141516171819Complete detailed investigation / simulationFull ImplementationPre-screening results reviewed and approvedInitial ImplementationGlobal A/G Communications System (GACS Timeline)* * Adopted from ACP WGC7/WP23, Kors van den Boogaaard (IATA)
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