Presentation on theme: "Overview of ICT Infrastructure in Africa Region and ITU-NEPAD Preliminary Assistance ITU Public & Private Sectors Partnership Forum for Africa Region."— Presentation transcript:
1 Overview of ICT Infrastructure in Africa Region and ITU-NEPAD Preliminary Assistance ITU Public & Private Sectors Partnership Forum for Africa Region (PPF-Africa 2004)Kampala, Uganda, 31 October – 2 November 2004Brahima Sanou
3 UTILSATEURS D’INTERNET ET RECEVEURS TV Source: ITU ICT indicators
4 CATEGORIES OF Regulatory Authorities in AFRICA En Afrique comme on peut le constater sur cette diapositive,La plus part des pays ont mis en place un organe chargé de la réglementation dans le cadre de la libéralisation du secteur avec les degrés d’autonomie ou d’indépendance variésSource: ITU Regional Office for Africa
5 More than 2 Mobile operators TUNISIAMOROCCOCanary IslandsLIBYAALGERIAEGYPTCape Verde Is.MAURITANIAMALINIGERCHADSUDANERITREASENEGALGAMBIABURKINAGUINEABENINDJIBOUTIBISSAUGUINEANIGERIASIERRA LEONECENTRAL AFRICAN REPETHIOPIACOTE D’IVOIREGHANALIBERIATOGOCAMEROONKENYAEQ. GUINEASao Tome & PrincipeGABONRWANDAMore than 2 Mobile operatorsBURUNDID.R.CONGOTANZANIA2 Mobile operatorsCOMOROS1 Mobile operatorANGOLAZAMBIACountry belonging to Arab RegionMAURITIUSZIMBABWENAMIBIABOTSWANASWAZILANDLESOTHOSOUTH AFRICASource: ITU Regional Office for Africa
6 Country belonging to Arab Region TUNISIAMOROCCOCanary IslandsLIBYAALGERIAEGYPTCape Verde Is.MAURITANIAMALINIGERCHADSUDANERITREASENEGALGAMBIABURKINAGUINEABENINDJIBOUTIBISSAUGUINEANIGERIASIERRA LEONECENTRAL AFRICAN REPETHIOPIACOTE D’IVOIREGHANALIBERIATOGOCAMEROONKENYAEQ. GUINEASao Tome & PrincipeGABONRWANDACountry belonging to Arab RegionNumber of mobile subscribers is more than 10 times the number of fixed linesNumber of mobile subscribers is between 5 and 10 times the number of fixed linesNumber of mobile subscribers is less than the number of fixed linesNumber of mobile subscribers is between 2 and 5 times the number of fixed linesBURUNDID.R.CONGOTANZANIACOMOROSANGOLAZAMBIANumber of mobile subscribers is between 1 and 2 times the number of fixed linesMAURITIUSZIMBABWENAMIBIABOTSWANASWAZILANDLESOTHOSOUTH AFRICASource: ITU Regional Office for Africa
8 EXISTING SCENARIO Atlantic 2 SEA-ME-WE-3 TO SAFE Planned EASSy D/Radio STM1↑O/F SystemPlanned or StalledTOSAFEPlanned EASSySAT-3/WASC/SAFEOperational Fibre NetworkFibre in the implementationprocessTerrestrial M/wave linkPlanned fibre networkSearching for fundsSource: ITU Regional Office for Africa
9 SRII PROJECT STATUS Submarine Cable SAT-3/WASC/SAFE D/Radio STM1↑ O/Fibre SystemERITREAPlanned or StalledETHIOPIAKENYAUGANDACONGO DRRWANDABURUNDITANZANIAANGOLASubmarine Cable SAT-3/WASC/SAFEZAMBIAMALAWIMOZAMBIQUEZIMBABWEMAURITIUSNAMIBIABOTSWANAMADAGASCARSWAZILANDLESOTHOSOUTH AFRICASource: ITU Regional Office for Africa
10 INTELCOM-II PROJECT ITU/ECOWAS Existing Scenario in West AfricaINTELCOM-II PROJECT ITU/ECOWASCapeVerdeMauritaniaMaliSenegalNigerGambiaBurkina FasoGuineaBissauNigeriaGuinea ConakrySierra LeoneLiberiaIvory CoastAtlantic 2MicrowaveGhanaTogoBeninFunding considerationOptical Fibre Cable on Power linesOperational Fibre Optic CableImplementation processSubmarine Cable SAT-3/WASC/SAFE
11 Missing Links – Regional Internet eXchange Points (IXPs) Few national IXPs have been established.Most of the established IXPs are only used for exchange of local traffic within the country.International IP traffic within Africa is still being carried through America and Europe because the national IXPs in various African countries are not directly connected.Regional Internet eXchange Points would tremendously reduce the amount of international bandwidth requirements and associated cost implications
12 NEW ITU Project ITU SUPPORT TO NEPAD Background : Res 35 of WTDC-02 and Res PLEN/5 PP- 02Project phase 1 : establish a Project Document detailing the investment needed to achieve the short and medium terms objectives relative to telecom and ICTsProject phase 2 : Assist the African countries in Mobilizing resources and implementing concrete projects leading to the achievement of the objectives
13 Objectives of the project Assess ICT situation in the regionIdentify technical & regulatory barriersIdentify alternative technical scenarios for development of the infrastructureEvaluate required level of investmentIdentify alternative funding scenariosProject ObjectivesThe objective of this first phase is to come up with a bankable Project Document based on:Assessment the actual situationIdentification of technical and regulatory obstacles that hinder rapid development of infrastructure and services/applications;Identification of alternative technical scenarios of building the infrastructure and measures to enable sustainable telecommunications and ICTs development;Evaluation the level of investment required to meet the short and medium term objectives of the NEPAD and identification alternative funding scenarios
14 Status Data collection, analysis and consultations completed Technical analysis completedFinancial analysis completedReport under finalizationStatus:Data collection and consultations with selected countries and institutions to better understand their needs and plans was completed in April. In this regard, the ITU committed itself to listen more so that we are more responsive to the needs of the membership.This was followed by technical analysis which was completed in May. The reports provide the status of ICTs in the sub-regions and highlights recommendations for assistance required to meet objectives of preliminary assistance projectGeneral observation is that countries are faced with common challenges for sector reforms and development of infrastructure. Thus a multi-county, multi partnership approach as well as an efficient mechanism for information sharing is needed to address the situation and ensure efficient use of resources.The initial phase leading to a project document will be concluded by end of December.
15 Way forwardCore partners meeting to enrich the Report (ATU, e-Africa Commission, AU, RECs)Ministerial meeting to endorse the recommendations of the ReportInput of the recommendation in the WTDC-06 Preparation processPresentation of the Project document to the AU and adoption by relevant bodies Identification of partners and necessary project fundingImplementation of the priority projects (starting of the 2nd phase )Way forwardReview of the Working Draft by various stakeholders, Regional and Sub regional political, economic and sectoral organizations involved in the development of ICTs Present the Draft Final Report at a special meeting to be convened by ITU in collaboration with ATU with participation from sub regional and continental political, economic and sectoral organisations involved in the development of ICT in November .Prepare Final Report based on comments received from the meeting of sub regional and continental bodies.Circulate the Final Report to Ministers and NEPAD Focal Points for studyConvene a meeting of Ministers responsible for ICT, with participation of Regulators, Operators, National Focal Points and other stakeholders to adopt the report in March 2005.Present the Final Report adopted by the Ministers to President WadeIdentification of Partners and Project Implementation
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