Presentation on theme: "Report of Asia (Regional Association II)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Report of Asia (Regional Association II) First Session of the Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Programme Coordination Meeting of WMO Programmes and Constituent BodiesGeneva, December 2006Regional capacities, opportunities, gaps and needsReport of Asia(Regional Association II)Kuniyuki SHIDADevelopment Cooperation and Regional Activities (DCR) Departmenton behalf of Chairperson of RA II Working Group on DPM (Dr M.C. Wong)
2 Agenda Impacts of hazards in Asia Preliminary results of the WMO country-level DPM surveyPreliminary results of the WMO regional-level DPM surveyOpportunities and recent initiatives for implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA), and key partnersRegional activities and capacities available through WMO network (RSMCs and RTCs)
3 Region II (Asia)Covers the Indian Ocean and part of Pacific Ocean with diverse eco-systems including desert encompassing central and western Asia35 Member countries and territoriesIncludes 9 LDCs (out of 50)Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Republic of YemenTwo of the world’s most populated countries (China and India)Fastest growing economic region
5 Number of Disasters (1980-2005) Source: EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database Université Catholique de Louvain - Brussels - BelgiumcNearly 90% of disasters are related to hydro-meteorological factors
6 Loss of Human Life ( )Source: EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database Université Catholique de Louvain - Brussels - Belgium40% of loss of life is related to hydro-meteorological factors
7 Economic Losses ( )Source: EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database Université Catholique de Louvain - Brussels - Belgium65% of economic losses are related to hydro-meteorological factors
8 Preliminary results of the WMO country-level DPM survey in RA II (Asia)
9 Responses to the WMO Country-Level DPM Survey in Asia 25 out of 34 Members respondedRA II
10 Ranking of the hazards from the country-level survey HIGHIMPACTSLOWIMPACTS
11 Number of Members keeping data archives HIGHIMPACTLOWIMPACTStrong windsThunderstorm or lightningDroughtFlash floodHeat waveEarthquakesHazards to aviationRiver floodingDense fogHailstormSandstormLandslide or mudslideTropical cycloneForest or wild land fireSmoke, Dust or HazeTsunamiCold waveWaterborne hazardsHeavy snowCoastal floodingMarine hazardsStorm surgeTornadoAvalancheDesert locust swarmAirborne substancesFreezing rainVolcanic eventsThe impact of a disaster is not the only criteria for implementation of EWS: complexity and cost of the system is also important in the decision-making process. Example: heat wave and cold wave do not have a high impact on South America, but EWS for those hazards are in place in most countries because they rely on observations and forecasts of simple meteorological parameters.Very few Members maintain impact databasesNeed for strengthening National Meteorological and Hydrological Services' capacities for hazard data archiving
12 Number of Members issuing warnings HIGHIMPACTLOWIMPACTStrong windsThunderstorm or lightningDroughtFlash floodHeat waveEarthquakesHazards to aviationRiver floodingDense fogHailstormSandstormLandslide or mudslideTropical cycloneForest or wild land fireSmoke, Dust or HazeTsunamiCold waveWaterborne hazardsHeavy snowCoastal floodingMarine hazardsStorm surgeTornadoAvalancheDesert locust swarmAirborne substancesFreezing rainVolcanic eventsWarnings could be significantly enhanced through strengthening of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services' capacities
13 Contributions of NMHSs to key sectors relevant to Disaster Risk Management The contributions could be significantly enhanced through strengthening of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services' capacities
14 Limiting factors of NMHSs in their contribution to disaster risk management
15 Areas in which WMO's global and regional efforts could enhance NMHSs' contribution to disaster risk management
16 Preliminary results of the WMO regional-level DPM survey in RA II (Asia)
17 Regional-level DPM survey is being implemented by RA Working Group on DPM to address issues related to:i) Providing information on initiatives through various economic groupings and agencies to develop regional strategic plans for implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA)ii) Strengthening regional capacity’s in disaster risk managementiii) Identification and prioritization of hazards that pose the greatest risk resulting in a need for cross boundary / sub-regional / regional collaboration and cooperationiv) Understanding the current capacities and activities in the region in support of disaster risk management, and how these regional capacities and activities support these focus areas, including the projects underway through the working groups of the Regional Associationv) Identification of gaps and needs and cross-boundary challenges for enhancing capacities in support of disaster risk managementvi) Regional priorities with respect to addressing these gaps and needsvii) Identification of existing and potential future partnerships and concrete project areas of the regional association with other agencies involved in disaster risk reduction.viii) Prioritization of activities / projects in support of Members capacities in disaster risk management in your Regional Association.
18 Preliminary results of the WMO DPM Regional-Level Survey Asia is the most hazard prone continent. Top five threats to RAII Members are posed by “Strong Winds”, “Thunderstorm/ lightning”, “Drought” , “Flash Flood” and “Heat Wave”.(The % shown after hazard type refers to the percentage of Members in RAII affected by the hazard )
19 Preliminary results of the WMO DPM Regional-Level Survey Wide gap in capabilities between NMHSs of developing and developed countries, in particular, in observation, telecommunication, data processing and forecasting systems in support of forecasting and warning servicesLack of consistent disaster impact information in RegionDisconnect between NMHSs and DPM decision makers/major stakeholders decreases efficacy of disaster management efforts in some Members
20 Challenges and Opportunities : Observation Systems Issue Improved availability of synoptic data in Region is a result of prompt coordinated efforts of Members and Secretariat; Keep up the good work!Some Members lack adequate infrastructures such as weather surveillance radars, meteorological satellite receiving systems, automatic weather stations, raingauge networks; Provision of technical advice and specifications to enhance observing networks and operational infrastructure to these Members countries should be accorded high-priority.New earth observing satellites pose difficulties to NMHSs in developing countries that may not afford to have more than one receiver; Feasibility of obtaining satellite data via the internet for Members in the Region should be explored.
21 Challenges and Opportunities : Telecommunication Issue Some Members have no connection to GTS while a number of regional circuit were operating at low speeds.Need to implement and modernise regional meteorological telecommunication network.Enhanced use of the Internet for exchange of meteorological data in the Region should be explored.Members participated actively in the Virtual Private Network Pilot Project to study the use of Internet as a telecommunication means in WMO Information System.
22 Challenges and Opportunities: Data-Processing and Forecasting Systems Issue Some NMHSs are not equipped with automated systems to acquire the minimum level of data-processing capability; technical assistance to these Members to be exploredSome Members still have large deficiencies in Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) capabilities and were unable to derive benefits from such technological advances, esp. the high-quality products from Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres and advanced Members;Pilot Project on the Provision of City-Specific NWP Products to Developing Countries via the Internet is in good progress. The pilot project was intended to help enhance public weather services and warnings in the Region.
23 RA II Pilot Project on Provision of City-Specific NWP Products to Developing Countries via the InternetThe pilot project provides individual participating Members with tailor-made NWP products from advanced centres via the Internet.10 Members are provided with forecast time series of their cities by 3 NWP centres in the Region.A total of 86 cities are covered.Regional Training on the utilization of such NWP products were organised for participating Members in October and November 2006.
24 Opportunities and recent initiatives for implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA), and key partners
25 Regional Co-operation on Tropical Cyclones Strong co-operation through ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee and WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclones for the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian SeaMembers of the Typhoon Committee (14):Cambodia; China; DPR Korea; Hong Kong, China; Japan; Lao DPR; Macao, China; Malaysia; Philippines; Republic of Korea; Singapore; Thailand; United States of America; and Vietnam. Most of the Members belong to RA II, but some belong to RA V.Members of the Panel on Tropical Cyclones (8):Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand. All are Members from RAII.Members attend the annual sessions of the Typhoon Committee and the Panel on Tropical Cyclones and participated actively in related projects/activities.Members work closely to develop the Regional Coordination Programme Implementation Plans of the Typhoon Committee and the Panel on Tropical Cyclones.
26 Recent Initiatives of ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee Holding of “Joint Workshop on Integrating Activities of Meteorology, Hydrology, and Disaster Preparedness and Prevention Components of the Typhoon Committee into the related International Framework for Disaster Risk Management for Better Impacts and Visibility” to provide a platform for the various Working Groups to discuss and define high priority regional actions required to reduce the loss of life and social and economic impacts from tropical cyclones.Scheme to proportion annual budget based upon the priority actions contained in the Annual Operation Plan (AOP) and the successes achieved by Working Groups in the previous year’s AOP.
27 Recent Initiatives of ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee (cont.) Development of region-wide Disaster Information System (DIS) accessible to decision makers, disaster management services and other users designated by Members; The DIS will contain, amongst other information, disaster impact information and an inventory of Members’ existing early warning systems, disaster reduction techniques and management strategies.Establishment of expert teams to assist in the development and implementation of early warning systems and strategic planning in disaster management.
28 Recent Initiatives of ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee (cont.) Outreach activities and face-to-face meetings with local community to facilitate dissemination of warnings through the “Last Mile”Flash floods and sediment disaster warning project to assist Members to develop warning and evacuation system against sediment disastersFlood Hazard Mapping (FHM) Project to promoting FHM activity in Members’ own country/territory with participation of respective DPP agencies and communities
29 Regional Co-operation in Aral Sea Region Aral-HYCOS: A component of WHYCOS system for building the capacity of water resources management and promoting cooperation in the collection, transmission, processing, archiving and use of hydrological data and informationAral-HYCOS covers 5 Members in Central Asia (Kyrgyz Republic, Republic of Kazakhstan, Republic of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan) in the preparatory stage for implementationThe major outcome of Aral-HYCOS will be a consistent regional information system for hydrology
30 Cooperation with International/Regional Agencies Experts from Members hold offices and take lead in DPM activities and projects of the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee and WMO/ESCAP/ Panel on Tropical Cyclones. The Chair, RAII DPM WG serves as Vice-Chair of the Working Group on DPM of the Typhoon Committee.Experts from Members participated actively in regional DPM seminars/workshops and training courses organized by the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), Asian Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC) and the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC).
31 Regional activities and capacities available through WMO network(RSMCs and RTCs)
32 Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres (RSMCs) Five RSMCs with geographical specializationBeijing, Jeddah, New Delhi, Tashkent, TokyoTwo RSMCs on tropical cyclones in RA II:RSMC Tokyo Typhoon CenterRSMC New Delhi Tropical Cyclone CenterTwo RSMCs on Environmental Emergency Response in RAII:RSMC Tokyo and RSMC Beijing for provision of atmospheric transport model products in support of Environmental Emergency ResponseIt would be desirable to strengthening and improve the functions and services of RSMCs to facilitate provision of more accurate and timely warnings by Members.RSMCs are encouraged to be more active in supporting the plans and requirements related to capacity building and transfer of technology in close cooperation with Members in Region.
33 WMO Websites: Official Forecasts and Warnings World Weather Information Service (WWIS)31 RA II Members participate in providing official city forecastsHost of websites:China - ChineseHong Kong, China - EnglishMacao,China - PortugueseOman – ArabicSevere Weather Information Centre (SWIC)Hosted by Hong Kong, China12 participating organizations in RA IIMembers are encouraged to support exchange of official forecasts and warnings by contributing to WWIS and SWIC as well as promulgating its use among members of public and media
34 WMO Voluntary Co-operation Programme (VCP): Regional Capacity Building The WMO VCP provides significant assistance to many Members in RA II to enhance their hazard forecasting and warning capabilities.These take the form of:provision of equipment and services including improvement of global observing systems, GTS, GDPFS, satellite reception, implementation of internet capabilities, andexpert services and fellowships/training.
35 WMO Voluntary Co-operation Programme (VCP): Regional Capacity Building (cont.) On-going projects include upgrading of GTS communication between NMC Yangon and RTH Bangkok, upgrading of the AWS In Yangon, connection of NMC Sana’a to the GTS in the Republic of Yemen and provision of AWS to DPRK.Several VCP projects prior to 31 December 2005 approved for circulation which are still valid have yet to receive offer of support. These include (i) strengthening of the surface observing network in Myanmar; (ii) Flood forecasting system system for the delta areas of Myanmar (2005) and (iiI) Software for operational drought monitoring system, Uzbekistan (2003).
36 Some Thoughts On Meeting DPM Challenges in Region Encourage Members to strengthen collaboration on the implementation of the Regional Cooperation Programme Implementation Plans of the Typhoon Committee and the Panel on Tropical CyclonesStrengthen and improve the functions and services of RSMCs to enhance accuracy and timeliness of warnings by MembersStrengthen the links between NMHSs and national disaster manager and other institutions, esp. the media, through consultation processes and joint activities
37 Some Thoughts On Meeting DPM Challenges in Region (cont.) Develop standardised definition and methodology for collection of disaster impact informationExplore feasibility of establishing of a regional archive on disaster information including impact dataPromote research initiatives on tropical cyclone, rainstorm, drought and heat stressPromote awareness of public on disaster risks in Region using roving seminars and exhibitions
38 Some Thoughts On Meeting DPM Challenges in Region (cont.) Enhance regional capacity building and technology transfer in the following areas:observing and data processing data systemsinformation and communication technologyprovision of public weather services and warningsnowcasting of severe weatherapplication of NWP products