Presentation on theme: "Early Warning Systems: a Fundamental Component of Disaster Risk Management By Maryam Golnaraghi, Ph.D. Chief of Disaster Risk Reduction Programme World."— Presentation transcript:
Early Warning Systems: a Fundamental Component of Disaster Risk Management By Maryam Golnaraghi, Ph.D. Chief of Disaster Risk Reduction Programme World Meteorological Organization December 9, 2008
Risk TransferRisk Identification Historical hazard data, analysis and changing hazard trends Exposed assets & vulnerability Risk quantification PREPAREDNESS: early warning systems, emergency planning and response capacities MITIGATION AND PREVENTION: Medium to long term sectoral planning (e.g. building resilient infrastructure) CAT insurance CAT bonds Alternative Risk Transfer mechanisms Other emerging products Risk Reduction Information and Knowledge Sharing Education and training Governance and Organizational Coordination and Cooperation Disaster Risk Management Framework Derived from Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015
Global Coordination in Hazard Detection and Forecasting to Support Multi-Hazard EWS Global Telecommunication System Global Observing System Coordinated Satellite System Global Data Processing and Forecasting System
Communication and Dissemination National Meteorological and Hydrological Services Government and civil defence authorities MediaGeneral public Private sector
Meteorological Hydrological Geological Marine Health (etc.) COORDINATION AMONG NATIONAL SERVICES feedback Community Preparedness warnings National to local governments supported by DRR plans, legislation and coordination mechanisms warnings feedback What is an Effective EWS? warnings preventive actions 1 2 3 4 5 5 3 3 5
Effective Early Warning Systems National to local disaster risk reduction plans, legislation and coordination mechanisms are critical to ensure emergency planning and response involving 4 technical components
National Example: Cyclone Preparedness Programme in Bangladesh
Analysis of NMHSs Capacities, Gaps and Needs related to DRR and EWS 139 National Meteorological and Hydrological Services participated: 1.Assessment of role of NMHSs as reflected in planning, legislation and national DRR coordination mechanisms; 2.Assessment of NMHS' capacities in observing, data management, forecasting and warning services; 3. Capacities to deliver products and services and warnings; 4.Assessment of NMHSs cooperation and coordination with other agencies and ministries.
Responses to the WMO Country-Level Survey 139 out of 187 Members (74 %) responded 24/52 54 % 25/34 74 % 10/12 83 % 18/22 82 % 14/19 74 % 44/48 92 % Developing countries: 85/137 54 % Least developed countries: 25/50 50 %
Status of EWS Projects with Multi-Hazard Approach Central America South-Eastern Africa South-Eastern Europe, East Asia Caucasus China (Shanghai) South-Eastern Asia South Asia
For more information please contact: Maryam Golnaraghi, Ph.D. Chief of Disaster Risk Reduction Programme World Meteorological Organization Tel. 41.22.730.8006 Fax. 41.22.730.8023 Email. MGolnaraghi@WMO.int http://www.wmo.int/disasters Thank You
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