Presentation on theme: "Official OIE Recognition of FMD Country Status and Control Programmes Joseph Domenech Seminar on FMD Progressive Control Pathway Beirut, Lebanon, 18 December."— Presentation transcript:
Official OIE Recognition of FMD Country Status and Control Programmes Joseph Domenech Seminar on FMD Progressive Control Pathway Beirut, Lebanon, 18 December 2012
Overview the procedures for official disease status recognition Terrestrial Code Chapters 1.6 and 8.5
OIEs Mandate under the WTO, SPS Agreement Achieved through the principle of Science-based provisions -Risk assessments -Use of international standards (harmonization) Transparent procedures Endorsement by all Members Avoid arbitrary levels of protection (consistency) Accept equivalence Recognize disease - and pest-free areas Notify measures taken (transparency) Technical assistance
OIE Recognition of FMD Country Status Article FMD free country where vaccination is not practised To qualify for inclusion in the existing list of FMD free countries where vaccination is not practised, a Member should: 1. have a record of regular and prompt animal disease reporting; 2. send a declaration to the OIE stating that: a) there has been no outbreak of FMD during the past 12 months; b) no evidence of FMDV infection has been found during the past 12 months; c) no vaccination against FMD has been carried out during the past 12 months; d) no vaccinated animal has been introduced since the cessation of vaccination;
OIE Recognition of FMD Country Status 3. supply documented evidence that: a) surveillance for FMD and FMDV infection in accordance with Articles to and Article is in operation; b) regulatory measures for the early detection, prevention and control of FMD have been implemented; 4. describe in detail the boundaries and measures of a protection zone, if applicable. The Member will be included in the list only after the submitted evidence has been accepted by the OIE. Retention on the list requires that the information in points 2, 3 and 4 above be re-submitted annually and changes in the epidemiological situation or other significant events including those relevant to points 3b) and 4 should be reported to the OIE according to the requirements in Chapter 1.1
OIE Recognition of FMD Country Status - Article FMD free country where vaccination is practised - Article FMD free zone where vaccination is not practised - Article FMD free zone where vaccination is practised - Article FMD free compartment - Article Establishment of a containment zone within an FMD free country or zone - Article Recovery of free status
OIE Recognition of FMD Country Status Article Questionnaires on foot and mouth disease - FMD FREE COUNTRY WHERE VACCINATION IS NOT PRACTISED - FMD FREE COUNTRY WHERE VACCINATION IS PRACTISED - FMD FREE ZONE WHERE VACCINATION IS NOT PRACTISED - FMD FREE ZONE WHERE VACCINATION IS PRACTISED
General aspects of the country or zone Veterinary services and infrastructure History of eradication Monitoring and vaccination Diagnosis Surveillance programmes and tools Prevention Control measures / contingency planning Declaration of the Delegate Recovery of status Sections of the questionnaire (FMD, RP, CBPP + endorsed FMD control programmes)
Article Surveillance strategies Article Members applying for recognition of freedom from FMD for the whole country or a zone where vaccination is not practised: additional surveillance procedures Article Members applying for recognition of freedom from FMD for the whole country or a zone where vaccination is practised: additional surveillance procedures Article Members re-applying for recognition of freedom from FMD for the whole country or a zone where vaccination is either practised or not practised, following an outbreak: additional surveillance procedures
OIE endorsed official control programme for FMD Terrestrial Code (May 2011) Articles , and Overall objective is for countries to progressively improve the situation and eventually attain free status for FMD Members may apply on a voluntary basis. Official control programme should establish: timelines and indicators to assess the efficacy of the control measures Establishes information to be summited to OIE for endorsement of official control programme for FMD (Questionnaire 1.6.7)
OIE endorsed official control programme for FMD Article Endorsement by the OIE of an official control programme for FMD. Members may wish to request an endorsement by the OIE of their official control programme for FMD. When requesting endorsement by the OIE of an official control programme for FMD, the Member should submit to the OIE Scientific and Technical Department a dossier providing the information requested in Article Article OIE endorsed official control programme for FMD The overall objective of an OIE endorsed official control programme for FMD is for countries to progressively improve the situation and eventually attain free status for FMD.
OIE expert mission OIE simplified procedure for endorsement of official FMD control programmes OIE MEMBER OIE ad hoc Group World Assembl y OIE Preliminary screening Evaluation OIE SCAD Evaluation request (if relevant) request Additional Information report rejection Explanatory letter to applying Member certification annual reconfirmatio n submission OIE MEMBER HeadQuarters (HQ) Formal Resolution
Maintenance on the list Requires annual update on progress, information on changes in the epidemiological situation and other significant events. Possible withdrawal if: Non-compliance with timelines Non-compliance with performance indicators Significant problems with the performance of VS Increase in the incidence of FMD that cannot be addressed by the programme.
Analyzes the ad hoc Groups comments Concludes with a final recommendation on the status of the applicant OIE Member Asks the country for additional information if required Proposes the updated list (Resolution) for adoption to the World Assembly (not for endorsed FMD programmes) Receives a delegation from the applicant Member country for clarification of open questions if required The Scientific Commission of OIE
Linkages between OIE procedures and PCP The coherence and coordination between the PCP and the specific OIE procedures defined in articles in the Terrestrial Code on recognition of FMD-free status for countries is assured because the two are complementary. The Terrestrial Code articles are aimed at countries that are already at a very advanced stage in eradicating FMD virus circulation from their animal populations. These articles are therefore not directed at infected countries, which come under PCP stages 0 to 3. The PCP is a tool to address the non-FMD-free country situations and for helping them to progress to successive stages in FMD control and ultimate eradication.
Linkages between OIE procedures and PCP New Articles 1.6.2, and on OIE endorsed official control programmes for FMD provide standards specifically addressing the stages prior to country FMD freedom. It is only at the end of PCP stage 3 that a country can envisage engaging in a proactive policy of FMD eradication and can prepare and then implement their official national programme which are submitted to OIE for endorsement
Linkages between PCP and PVS There are clearly defined assessment tools for situation monitoring, including the PCP and PVS pathways, which consider not only specific FMD control methods but also the contexts in which Veterinary Services operate and where they implement their animal health policies.
Linkages between PCP and PVS All this argues for further convergence of the already coherent PVS and PCP criteria, enabling them to be used in full complementarity whenever a country submits its questionnaire-based report in support of its application for OIE official recognition of FMD status or for an OIE-endorsed official control programme for FMD.