Presentation on theme: "Official OIE Recognition of FMD Country Status and Control Programmes"— Presentation transcript:
1Official OIE Recognition of FMD Country Status and Control Programmes Joseph DomenechSeminar on FMD Progressive Control PathwayBeirut, Lebanon, 18 December 2012
2Overview the procedures for official disease status recognition Terrestrial Code Chapters 1.6 and 8.5Comments (with copyright) / Commentaires (soumis au Copyright) :
3OIE’s Mandate under the WTO, SPS Agreement Avoid arbitrary levels of protection (“consistency”)Accept “equivalence”Recognize disease - and pest-free areasNotify measures taken (“transparency”)Technical assistanceAchieved through the principle ofScience-based provisionsRisk assessmentsUse of international standards (“harmonization”)Transparent proceduresEndorsement by all Members
4OIE Recognition of FMD Country Status ArticleFMD free country where vaccination is not practisedTo qualify for inclusion in the existing list of FMD free countries where vaccination is not practised, aMember should:1. have a record of regular and prompt animal disease reporting;2. send a declaration to the OIE stating that:a) there has been no outbreak of FMD during the past 12 months;b) no evidence of FMDV infection has been found during the past 12 months;c) no vaccination against FMD has been carried out during the past 12 months;d) no vaccinated animal has been introduced since the cessation of vaccination;
5OIE Recognition of FMD Country Status 3. supply documented evidence that:a) surveillance for FMD and FMDV infection in accordance with Articles to andArticle is in operation;b) regulatory measures for the early detection, prevention and control of FMD have beenimplemented;4. describe in detail the boundaries and measures of a protection zone, if applicable.The Member will be included in the list only after the submitted evidence has been accepted by the OIE.Retention on the list requires that the information in points 2, 3 and 4 above be re-submitted annually andchanges in the epidemiological situation or other significant events including those relevant to points 3b)and 4 should be reported to the OIE according to the requirements in Chapter 1.1
6OIE Recognition of FMD Country Status - Article FMD free country where vaccination is practised - Article FMD free zone where vaccination is not practised - Article FMD free zone where vaccination is practised - Article FMD free compartment - Article Establishment of a containment zone within an FMD free country or zone - Article Recovery of free status
7OIE Recognition of FMD Country Status Article Questionnaires on foot and mouth disease - FMD FREE COUNTRY WHERE VACCINATION IS NOT PRACTISED - FMD FREE COUNTRY WHERE VACCINATION IS PRACTISED - FMD FREE ZONE WHERE VACCINATION IS NOT PRACTISED - FMD FREE ZONE WHERE VACCINATION IS PRACTISED
8Sections of the questionnaire (FMD, RP, CBPP + endorsed FMD control programmes) General aspects of the country or zoneVeterinary services and infrastructureHistory of eradicationMonitoring and vaccinationDiagnosisSurveillance programmes and toolsPreventionControl measures / contingency planningDeclaration of the DelegateRecovery of status-OIE procedues to conduct risk assessment :release assessment, exposure asessment-laboratories have to comply to provisions of the Manual /chapter I 1 2
9Article 8. 5. 44. Surveillance strategies Article 8. 5. 45 Article Surveillance strategies Article Members applying for recognition of freedom from FMD for the whole country or a zone where vaccination is not practised: additional surveillance procedures Article Members applying for recognition of freedom from FMD for the whole country or a zone where vaccination is practised: additional surveillance procedures Article Members re-applying for recognition of freedom from FMD for the whole country or a zone where vaccination is either practised or not practised, following an outbreak: additional surveillance procedures
10OIE endorsed official control programme for FMD Terrestrial Code (May 2011) Articles 8.5.48, and 1.6.7Overall objective is for countries to progressively improve the situation and eventually attain free status for FMDMembers may apply on a voluntary basis.Official control programme should establish: timelines and indicators to assess the efficacy of the control measuresEstablishes information to be summited to OIE for endorsement of official control programme for FMD (Questionnaire 1.6.7)
11OIE endorsed official control programme for FMD Article Endorsement by the OIE of an official control programme for FMD. Members may wish to request an endorsement by the OIE of their official control programme for FMD. When requesting endorsement by the OIE of an official control programme for FMD, the Member should submit to the OIE Scientific and Technical Department a dossier providing the information requested in Article Article OIE endorsed official control programme for FMD The overall objective of an OIE endorsed official control programme for FMD is for countries to progressively improve the situation and eventually attain free status for FMD.
12OIE simplified procedure for endorsement of official FMD control programmes expert missionOIESCADrequest(if relevant)OIEOIEad hoc GroupOIE MEMBEREvaluationExplanatory letter to applying MembersubmissionHeadQuarters(HQ)Preliminary screeningEvaluationreportrejectionrequestrequestrequestAdditional InformationWorldAssemblycertificationOIE MEMBERFormal Resolutionannual reconfirmation
13Maintenance on the list Requires annual update on progress, information on changes in the epidemiological situation and other significant events.Possible withdrawal if:Non-compliance with timelinesNon-compliance with performance indicatorsSignificant problems with the performance of VSIncrease in the incidence of FMD that cannot be addressed by the programme.
14The Scientific Commission of OIE Analyzes the ad hoc Group’s commentsConcludes with a final recommendation on the status of the applicant OIE MemberAsks the country for additional information if requiredProposes the updated list (Resolution) for adoption to the World Assembly (not for endorsed FMD programmes)Receives a delegation from the applicant Member country for clarification of open questions if required
15Linkages between OIE procedures and PCP The coherence and coordination between the PCP and the specific OIE procedures defined in articles in the Terrestrial Code on recognition of FMD-free status for countries is assured because the two are complementary.The Terrestrial Code articles are aimed at countries that are already at a very advanced stage in eradicating FMD virus circulation from their animal populations.These articles are therefore not directed at infected countries, which come under PCP stages 0 to 3. The PCP is a tool to address the non-FMD-free country situations and for helping them to progress to successive stages in FMD control and ultimate eradication.
16Linkages between OIE procedures and PCP New Articles 1.6.2, and on OIE endorsed official control programmes for FMD provide standards specifically addressing the stages prior to country FMD freedom. It is only at the end of PCP stage 3 that a country can envisage engaging in a proactive policy of FMD eradication and can prepare and then implement their official national programme which are submitted to OIE for endorsement
17Linkages between PCP and PVS There are clearly defined assessment tools for situation monitoring, including the PCP and PVS pathways, which consider not only specific FMD control methods but also the contexts in which Veterinary Services operate and where they implement their animal health policies.
18Linkages between PCP and PVS All this argues for further convergence of the already coherent PVS and PCP criteria, enabling them to be used in full complementarity whenever a country submits its questionnaire-based report in support of its application for OIE official recognition of FMD status or for an OIE-endorsed official control programme for FMD.