Presentation on theme: "1 BSE Status-Recognition Yoshiyuki OKETANI OIE Deputy Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) The 30th."— Presentation transcript:
1 BSE Status-Recognition Yoshiyuki OKETANI OIE Deputy Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) The 30th Session of APHCA OIE/FAO Regional Workshop on Goat Diseases 25 October 2006
2 Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy BSE was first recognized in Great Britain in 1986
OIE started discussion on BSE Is it endemic disease or epidemic one?
5 1990 General Session decided that BSE shall be included in OIE Desease list Ad-hoc group drafted the BSE chapters for Code and Manual 1992 General Session adopted BSE chapters of Code and Manual
6 BSE World Refernce Laboratories Ｄｒ Ｄａｎｎｙ Ｍａｔｔｈｅｗｓ VLA Weybridge (UK) Ｐｒｏｆ．Ａｎｄｒｅａｓ Ｚｕｒｂｒ ｉｇｇｅｎ University of Bern (Switzerland) Ｄｒ Ｔａｋａｓｈｉ Ｙｏｋｏｙａｍ ａ National Institute of Animal Health (Japan)
7 Recognition of the BSE Status During the 72nd General session, the OIE International committee asked the Director General to establish a list of countries or zones recognized by the OIE as BSE " free and "provisionally free" in accordance with OIE Code. This list should be updated as and when new countries are approved by the International committee.
8 BSE status (2004) (country or zone) ① Free from BSE ② Provisionally free from BSE Argentina, Iceland, Singapore and Uruguay ③ With a minimal BSE risk ④ With a moderate BSE risk ⑤ With a high BSE risk
9 BSE status (Present) (country or zone) ① Free from BSE Australia, Argentina, New Zealand and Uruguay ② Provisionally free from BSE Chile, Iceland, Paraguay and Singapore ③ With a minimal BSE risk ④ With a moderate BSE risk ⑤ With a high BSE risk
10 BSE status (future) (country or zone or Compartment) ① Negligible BSE risk ② Controlled BSE risk ③ Undetermined BSE risk
11 Recognition of the BSE Status Any member country wishing to submit an application before the end of 2006 for negkligible risk or controled risk status for BSE, will be assessed against the OIE Code. After December 2006, all apprications for BSE status will be assessed against the OIE Code current at the time.
12 Questionnaire for BSE Status Recognition Section 1 – Risk assessment Section 2 – Other requirements Ongoing awarness programme Compulsory notification and Investigation Diagnostic capability Section 3 – Surveillance Section 4 – BSE history of the country, zone or compartment
13 Section – 1 Risk Assessment Release assessment The potential for the release of the BSE agent through importation of 1. meat-and-bone meal (MBM) or graves 2. potentially infected live cattle 3. potentially infected products of bovine origin
14 Section – 1 Risk Assessment Exposure assessment 1. The origin of bovine carcasses, by-products and slaughterhouse waste, the paramaters of the rendering processes and the methods of cattle feed production 2. The potential for the exposure of cattle to the BSE agent through consumption of MBM or greaves of bovine origin
17 Section – 2 Other requirements Ongoing awarness programme Is there an awarness programme? What is the target audience? What is curriculum and how long has it been in place? Is there a contingency and /or preparedness plan that deals with BSE?
18 Section – 2 Other requirements Compulsory notification and Investigation What are the measures in place to stimulate notification, such as compensationpayments or penarties for notifying a suspect? etc.
19 Section – 2 Other requirements Diagnostic capability Are the diagnostic procedures and methods ? Have those procedures and methods been applied through the entire surveillance period?
20 Section–3 Surveillance & Monitoring systems Does the BSE surveillance programme comply with the guidelines of the OIE Terrestrisl Code?
21 Section–3 Surveillance & Monitoring systems Code prescribe the number of cattle, by subpopulation, that need to be tested in order to ensure the detection of BSE at or above a minimal threshold prevalence.
22 Section – 4 BSE History Has BSE occured in the country, zone or compartment? How has it been dealt with?
23 Recognition of BSE Status The categolization of a country, zone or compartment in either negligible risk or controlled risk is dependent upon, the outcome of the risk assessment descrived in section 1, compliance with the provisions descrived in section 2, the results of surveillance described in section 3, and the history of BSE in the country, zone or compartment.
24 INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE Administrative Commission Specialist Commissions Terrestrial Animal Health Aquatic Animal Health Scientific, Biological Regional Commissions Africa, Americas, Europe, Asia- Far East and Oceania, Middle East Central Bureau Director General Regional Activities Department Administrative and Financial Department Animal Health Information Department Publications Department Scientific and Technical Department Collaborating Centres Reference Laboratories ＢＳＥ Ad hoc Group Working Groups Regional Representations International Trade Department