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Kazuaki Miyagishima & Lea Knopf Scientific and Technical Department OIE Official recognition of rinderpest free status historical perspective and achievements.

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Presentation on theme: "Kazuaki Miyagishima & Lea Knopf Scientific and Technical Department OIE Official recognition of rinderpest free status historical perspective and achievements."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kazuaki Miyagishima & Lea Knopf Scientific and Technical Department OIE Official recognition of rinderpest free status historical perspective and achievements Joint FAO/OIE Committee on Global Rinderpest Eradication Rome, 3 December 2009

2 OIE’s Mandate under the WTO, SPS Agreement: Achieved through the principle of Science-based provisions -Risk assessments -Use of international standards (“harmonization”) Transparent procedures Endorsement by all Members Avoid arbitrary levels of protection (“consistency”) Accept “equivalence” Recognize disease- and pest-free areas Notify measures taken (“transparency”) Technical assistance

3 „Recognition of disease free areas“ or to official recognition of animal disease status Is in line with OIE’s mandate given by its Members to improve animal health worldwide and OIE’s objectives to promote Veterinary Services; safeguard world trade in animals and animal products; ensure transparency in the global animal disease situation; and encourage international solidarity in the control of animal diseases

4 Resulting framework of official disease status recognition Procedure developed under the responsibility of the Scientific Commission of OIE (focus technical aspects ) Procedure and proposed disease statuses adopted by all OIE Members (focus on policy aspects) Standardisation of disease control Based on OIE international standards Guarantees to trading partners, also at a long term perspective -That Veterinary Services meet baseline requirements for disease control and trade activities -Proof by documented and updated evidence on disease free situation FMD RP CBPPBSE 2000199620042003

5 Official recognition of rinderpest free status and global eradication of rinderpest 1.Review standards and pathway 2.Changes in recognition policy 3.Progress countries recognized free

6 1. 1.Review of the provisions on rinderpest (OIE Terrestrial Code) The experts of the Ad hoc Group on rinderpest and of the Scientific Commission considered the following: a)Global eradication of RP is almost achieved b)RP vaccination has ceased in almost all countries c)Clinical disease has not been observed since a number of years d)Surveillance and interventions need to be adapted towards more tailored & targeted approaches e)Supportive observations submitted by PACE

7 Serological surveillance * - 2-1 0 1 2 3 4 5 Time in years Intend to eradicate rinderpest Provisional freedom from disease Freedom from disease Freedom from infection * * If serological surveillance starts in year 3 then Freedom from Infection may be recognised after year 4 No clinical diseaseNo clinical disease and no vaccination MUST STOP VACCINATION The old OIE pathway, a stepwise, lengthy approach

8 Update of the Terrestrial Code - the new chapter on rinderpest Infection free Disease free Disease free * Provisionally free (self-declaration) * * Zoning possible Terrestrial Code 2007 Infection free, only country wide  Shorter time frames To qualify for rinderpest (infection) free status No outbreak, no evidence of infection and no vaccination for >24 months (or eligible for historical freedom) For recovery of free status, fast track Favouring a stamping out option (possible after 3 to 6 months)  Fewer categories

9 2. 2.Facilitating policy change - geographical and historical risk Admission to the baseline list of rinderpest free countries or territories following letter from the Delegate List as rinderpest free countries or territories following evaluation of a dossier (on the basis of historical freedom or classic dossier)

10  3 ways of achieving RP free status: Letter declaration historical freedom −Countries and territories of a region that never experienced RP −According the declaration by Delegates for establishment of the baseline list of historically RP free Members in 1999 Dossier for historical freedom −Countries and territories based in a region that experienced RP in the past, country eradicated RP >25 years ago, stopped vaccination > 10 years −Focus on provisions of historical freedom of the Terrestrial Code Classical dossier including RP specific surveillance −Any other country or territory not fitting into the above categories −Classical questionnaire, all sections need to be addressed

11 May 2000 The baseline list of 86 Members recognized free from rinderpest infection… (based on historical grounds) May 2000

12 Since then many dossiers were submitted and evaluated… Evaluated and adopted rinderpest free Unsuccessful evaluation

13 Countries and territories recognized free from RP infection (or under evaluation) December 2009 12 Countries and territories under evaluation

14 In close collaboration with FAO and regional organizations (e.g. AU/IBAR, SPC) Current stage and progress achieved In close collaboration with FAO and regional organizations (e.g. AU/IBAR, SPC) 1.Facilitated procedure based on historical and geographical RP risk adopted 2.Need to officially recognize RP free status of ALL countries and territories having rinderpest susceptible livestock Assembling documented proof that RP virus has ceased to circulate ongoing Remaining countries not yet recognised face difficulties due to various reasons 3.Clarification of RP status of non-contiguous territories Almost finalised 4.Inclusion of countries and territories not yet Members of OIE (support by FAO, OIE Regional Representations and regional organisations) A first list containing both, OIE Members and non-OIE Members was adopted by the World Assembly of OIE Delegates in May 2009

15 World Organisation for Animal Health 12 rue de Prony, 75017 Paris Tel: 33 (0) 1 44 15 18 88 Fax: 33 (0) 1 42 67 09 87 Email:


17 Spare slides in case of need

18 OIE Member applies for official dis. stat. submission of documented evidence 1. Outline of the procedure Adoption of the updated list of free Members by the OIE World Assembly by consensus – formal resolution 5. Outcomes published on OIE Web site6. Endorsement of recommendation on given disease status by the Scientific Commission who update the proposed list 4. Examination of data and supporting documents by renowned experts (ad hoc Group) reporting to the Scientific Commission 2. Possibility of sending an expert mission to the country3.

19 Rinderpest free country Key criteria to be recognized as a rinderpest free country: 1.have a record of regular and prompt animal disease reporting; 2.send a declaration to the OIE stating that: a)there has been no outbreak of RP during the past 24 months; b)no evidence of RPV infection has been found during the past 24 months; c)no vaccination against RP has been carried out during the past 24 months, 3.Surveillance to detect RP in place 4.No import of RP vaccinated animals

20 Freedom based on historical grounds Recognised free from infection without formally applying a pathogen-specific surveillance programme when: disease has never occurred; eradication has been achieved for at least 25 years Provided that for at least the past 10 years: the disease has been notifiable; an early detection system has been in place; measures to prevent infection introduction have been in place; no vaccination against the disease Further infection is not known to be established in wildlife

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