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1 WP 5 – Case Material Barrie Dowdeswell Director of Research, ECHAA.

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Presentation on theme: "1 WP 5 – Case Material Barrie Dowdeswell Director of Research, ECHAA."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 WP 5 – Case Material Barrie Dowdeswell Director of Research, ECHAA

2 2 Case material - Purpose Review the effectiveness of the SF process through examination of a cross section of case studies (ESF / ERDF) Programme cycles, 2000/6, 2007/13 Thematic focus Geographical spread Context, Social Cohesion - Health Inequalities, Health is Wealth, Modernisation Aim, provide evidence to support improvement in the process and to provide knowledge and competency development support to relevant member states and regions Methodology: On site interviews and evaluation – transcript based Desktop research Thematic analysis and Integration with the EuregioIII scientific paper Evidence for EIII workshops and masterclasses Web based resource and ongoing reference library Reports and publications

3 3 Case studies Asset based Modernisation Greece, Cancer Centre Malta, Cancer Centre Portugal (Saude) Masterplan, (plus) Hungary Masterplan (plus) Estonia, Hospital Reconfiguration Sicily, Technology Diffusion Greece, Mental Health Services eHealth / ICT Quality and Efficiency Brandenburg, Germany, changing focus and locus,the patient as co- producer of care Sicily, needs assessment Finland, Lapland, remote population telecare service delivery & the patient as co-producer of care Slovenia, whole systems ICT investment Non SF comparators have been identified (already available on the web site) to provide benchmarks for evaluation, wider range at: Capital investment for health: case studies from Europe. World Health Organization, on behalf of the European Observatory on Health Systems; 2009. investment-for-health.-case-studies-from-europe

4 4 Context

5 5 Health and the State / Region Health is wealth or Health as Cost HEALTH genetics lifestyle education healthcare wealth other socio- economic factors environment labour supply productivity education capital formation ECONOMIC OUTCOMES McKee et al LSHTM

6 6 An accelerating and increasingly complex trajectory of change in healthcare in the EU Cumulative growth Incremental change Modernisation Quality improvement Technology diffusion Transformational change Intersectoral investment Public Private Partnerships The patient as co-producer of care Complexity & risk Low High 2000/62007/13 Credit crisis Health transitions 20/20 Deficit reduction Age gap pensions crisis All happening within the current cycle

7 7 Europe 2020 – health is not a specific, but more an implicit feature of the strategy document; but ---

8 8 Overall ranking of EU Health systems An issue of social cohesion The 12

9 9 Serious affordability problems for healthcare – in particular the 12 Per-capita spending, EU Growth CEE A potential risk to fiscal governance

10 10 Variations in (cervical) cancer survival rates 1998 - 2008 Source: OECD health data 2010 Health Inequalities, avoidable mortality, questions and sensitivities – Subsidiarity

11 11 Findings and preliminary conclusions

12 12 Lisbon Strategy evaluation document Earmarking of Structural Funds has helped mobilise considerable investments for growth and jobs although there is further to go Need to enhance policy effectiveness Difficulties with the process Weak capacity Lack of strategic approach Poor integration of process Weak outcome assessment Need to strengthen leverage – through financial engineering Euregio findings reflect the Lisbon evaluation and add further specific insight

13 13 Case studies - examples Brandenburg Germany – eHealth The patient as co-producer of care / change Sicily, Italy - Clinical Technology Investment Evidence based investment / masterplanning Greece – Mental Health Transformational service delivery / change

14 14 Brandenburg / Germany Changing the axis of regional healthcare The patient as co-producer of care Reshaping health services (following reunification) Support from structural funds, 2000-2006 regional development convergence region: Reduce health inequality Wider economic development New medical technology innovation The Region – core problems High unemployment rate, poor access to higher education Run-down rural infrastructure; need for modernisation (generic) Previous (biased) healthcare investment strategies: Closure of previously state run polyclinics in favour of single physicans offices Preferred investment into big hospitals Neglecting accessibility and dissemination

15 15 Existing healthcare challenges Legacy of former healthcare system Local agendas Underinvestment & lack of resources Brandenburg (sharing structural similarities with the new member states) in some aspects is a laboratory for health investments as means for stimulating new regional policy. Lack of trained workforce Funding of large scale hospitals I think the true philosophy behind this is, if you have limited amount of money, say in funds or whatever, you can go and look and say, okay, the big towns, the big cities will get the most. The philosophy, in contrary should be to say, medicine has to go to the people where they live. It is in the 21 st century not true that MRI or heart surgery is so spectacular that it only could be in great metropolitan areas. Lack of appropriate health infrastructure in rural areas Need to introduce innovation and telemedicine

16 16 Project aims and emerging outcomes Move more care into locally and more accessible community settings – the patient in greater control Increase accessibility of health equipment, technology diffusion Move towards new technology/introduction of telemedicine, innovation Competency development, professionals and citizens What to do: Whole system change (away from big hospitals into community settings; shift towards prevention and rehabilitation Putting the patient back in charge – an issue of belief and trust Increase awareness of interactions between different system components, and stakeholder groups – how does it all fit together?

17 17 Sicily, Italy: current healthcare system problems Overspending Administration inefficiency (need for accountability) It is very well built, but managed in a terrible way. High pharmaceutical consumption (a typical) new (medicines) technology diffusion problem Ageing population High passive mobility (patients get treated in other regions of Italy) Out-dated, insufficient clinical technology Lack of resources Inequality (limited access to care, especially pronounced in rural regions)

18 18 Sicily: Multiple project objectives Introducing Centralized Tenders – procurement efficiency Cost containment Trimestral Performance Monitoring and Evaluation Fill gaps in care (& tackle inequality) – health access in rural areas Upgrade emergency services Laboratories: centralise diagnostic capacity and improve quality Reshaping hospital network, territorial and social care Organizational innovation (hub and spoke networks - hospital- territory) Technological innovation Improve infrastructural facilities Integrate services, residential, public-private joint venture

19 19 Project plan – before and after Radiotherapy 2009 Radiotherapy 2012

20 20 An EU comparative view Capital investment (MRI) it is not how many - but effectiveness of return on investment 9 months One week 4 months Waiting times Scanner range 1 to 30 per million population European recommendation 10 to 12 per million 1 30

21 21 Sicily: identified SF project issues (1) Lack of strategic alignment There is a need to integrate the master plan in investments at regional and local level. Missing outcome measures Inappropriate quality measures Poor integration of processes Product hospitals and facilities based on outmoded principles [...] avoid funding and building (just) prestigious projects.

22 22 Identified SF process challenges (2) Time consuming Very prescriptive Missing guidance from EU and government Administrative procedures a barrier to innovation [...] there should be a contest of ideas, choose the projects according to quality [...] Missing alignment of different EU funding streams [...] seek to reach synergy between ERDF and ESF.The integration of the different funds, different European funds, should be improved, because now it seems that the division into the assistance of different funds, like the health, and so on, are too sectorial and too limited to itself, and not sufficient integration among them. Competing interests in other fields e.g. education

23 23 Greece Mental Health Service Transformation PSYCHARGOS B programme Problem Institutionalised (asylum) care for almost all psychopathologies – large, overcrowded psychiatric hospitals with quality, accessibility, workforce and outmoded service issues Target Replacing institutional care with primary, extramural (local community) and acute care service delivery Reform stimulated by Greece entry to the EU Redesign supported by advice from the WHO and EU, but very slow progress in the period 1989 -1998

24 24 PSYCHARGOS B programme PSYCHARGOS B 2000 – 2009 programme aims De-institutionalised mental care delivery in community-based structures and facilities; Development of an integrated network of primary and acute mental care services Promotion of illness prevention, social and labour market inclusion Cost of programme: 216.2ml (2000); 255.2mio (2008) Committed funding: ESF: 182.6ml, ERDF: 21.5ml, national funds: 51.1ml Challenges Modernisation of physical infrastructure Development of primary care structures Promotion of preventive healthcare and social inclusion Investment strategy: use of national and EU funds Culture change and professional development

25 25 PSYCHARGOS B 2000 – 20009 Programme Outcomes Closure of asylum wards in 5 psychiatric hospitals, reduction of patients in 5 remaining hospitals: 68% reduction of hospital beds Operation of new extramural (community-based) care structures for up to 2,050 patients Operation of 80 employment promotion structures Training of 3,000 mental care professionals Recommendations Programme duration of 5 years too short: programme activities are still being pursued in 2011, as part of the 4 th programming period of 2007 -13, a spending overhang; Philanthropy, 3rd sector funding options need to be formally assessed and included in programme design and delivery Private actor participation needs to be better supported through (i) care quality control framework, (ii) simplified procurement processes De-institutionalisation may start once community-based care structures, care quality control framework have been established

26 26 EIII specific observations (1) (Subject to ongoing thematic analysis) Process bureaucracy is process bureaucracy Risks of a tick box approach Risks of over-ambition and over-statement Decisions, but with uncertain accountability - & ownership of ROI Can be ad-hoc and opportunistic basis for SF proposals Tendency towards tactical, as opposed to strategic investment Scale of legacies can create overwhelming problems: Short-term easement of pressures in place of transformational change Absorption capacity Political uncertainty

27 27 EIII specific observations (2) Difficulties over integration of projects and programmes - masterplanning weaknesses and implementation problems E.g. Disconnection - eHealth / Capital Asset provision (handout) Questionable financial realism & some evidence of over- expectation spirals In comparison with non-SF and progressive health systems – a weakness in visioning, innovation and transformational change Under-estimation / under-exploitation of the dramatic changes underway in healthcare

28 28 Critical success factors SF investment in future health-care Accountability – and owning performance and evaluation Strategic vision and tactical competence Financial realism Integrated masterplanning and programming, including investing for continuous change Accessing (and applying) technology diffusion Investing for measurable ROI (return on investment) Population health status Health outcomes Economic impact An understanding of and commitment to social cohesion The three integrated elements of healthcare delivery: Service delivery models (disease management and pathways) Workforce Capital (infrastructure, technology and ICT)

29 29 Why sustained change is critical for EU social and economic cohesion The Paradox - substantially enhanced by the economic situation More progress needs to be made more quickly to reduce inequalities: Population Health Status Healthcare Quality e.g. health outcomes, avoidable mortality (a growing factor is the quality of cross border care) There is also an urgent need for (investment-led) transformational change to reconcile revenue cost and affordability, but: Capital investment is challenged by debt management / reduction needs Service investment is threatened by affordability within the volatile and fragile economic climate PPP presents affordability risk For the 12 in particular, If there is no progress, poor health and the impact of ageing populations will: Threaten social cohesion, and Challenge economic growth and stability – impact of the high cost burden There is a risk that the 12 (in particular) will be locked into ongoing legacy problems, which in turn generate fiscal governance problems.

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