Presentation on theme: "Strengthening innovation in chemical clusters"— Presentation transcript:
1 Strengthening innovation in chemical clusters Andrea TilcheEuropean CommissionDG ResearchHead of the Unit « Environmental Technologies and Pollution Prevention »Strengthening innovation in chemical clusters
2 The current economic downturn Not a cyclic crisisNeed for a more strategic approach to design the recovery pathCombination with the need to build a low-C economyEnvironmental Technologies and Eco-innovation become the key elements for future growth
3 Vision for Tomorrow All industry becomes “green”! eco-innovation, environmental technologies across all sectorsNeed fundamental transformations – not just “add ons”Make use of ecological principles: life-cycle, diversity, symbiosis, resilience, bio-compatible, networking, etc.All in all, in the future all innovation should also be eco-innovationEurope leading but others catching up…World Market environmental industries1 trillion euro (2005) ->2.2 trillion (2020)German GDP share:4% (2005)16% (2020)All the previous examples…the seeds for tomorrow and the environmental challengesAll point towards a VISION for tomorrow…3
4 From Eco-Innovation to Innovation: assuring that green is really green The potential environmental impacts of an innovation should be already assessed at the phase of conceptual development (eco-design). This require the implementation of specific evaluation criteria based on Life Cycle Thinking.Before an innovation is scaled-up from pilot to demonstration scale, an assessment based on robust Life Cycle Assessment methodologies should be carried out in order to verify if the innovation is an eco-innovation.
5 Huge challenges for the European Chemicals Industry International competitionCosts of feedstockClimate changeCreating skillsFinancial markets...
6 What to do in EuropeThe Chemicals Industry in Europe is still the larger in terms of world market share with respect to other competing areas, but...Its market share is decreasingIt is relocating in other parts of the worldIts competitiveness is at stake
7 What is our competitive advantage Europe cannot compete for lower salaries, for cheap resources or for relaxed environmental quality standardsEuropa can compete for its knowledge base, its research potential, its skills, its potential of growing new skills, its organisational capability at regional level and along the value chain, its first class infrastructures
8 How to reverse the trend? INNOVATION is the only European asset that can make the differenceMore investments in high-tech sectorsStart-up programmes in Universities linked to chemical entrepreneurship programmesPromotion of Public-Private-Partnerships and Open innovation schemesBetter exploitation of funding opportunities along the innovation chainFocus on excellence – clusters and regions
9 The importance of clustering/networking 3 main types of innovation clusters and networks may exist:At thematic levelAt regional/local levelAlong the value chain
10 Thematic clusters To share basic research costs To share costs of development in open innovation schemesTo promote and share logisticsTo share production facilities…
11 Regional/local clusters To develop “industrial Ecology” schemesTo improve energy and resource efficiencyTo share logisticsTo make better use of local/regional high education, training and research facilities and infrastructures
12 Clusters along the value chain To better target the specific needsTo ensure product sustainabilityTo maximise the resource useTo ensure efficiency at all levelsTo maximise quality through specialisation
13 Is innovation facilitated by clustering? Succesful innovation is a complex process, based on a combination of factors where clustering may play a major role:Scientific and Technological developmentsAvailability of skillsMarket conditionsRegulatory environmentBusiness modelsRisk capital availability
14 A new model: the EITThe European Institute of Innovation and Technology proposes a model of full integration of the “knowledge triangle” of research, innovation and educationFirst Knowledge and Innovation Clusters (KICs) – on energy, climate change and ICT - to be launched within 2009, and new ones after 2012
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