Presentation on theme: "1917-1935. Famous Authors: A literary movement that treated black themes, African American history, and folklore. Its center was Harlem, an area of."— Presentation transcript:
Famous Authors: A literary movement that treated black themes, African American history, and folklore. Its center was Harlem, an area of New York City that had a large black population. Its artists and writers were African Americans who believed in black pride and the oral idiom of black spoken speech. It brought a new self-awareness and critical respect to black literature; attracted a white audience. Countee Cullen Langston Hughes Zora Neale Hurston Nella Larsen Claude McKay
Jazz and blues flourished during this time. Addressed issues of race, class, religion, and gender. Some focused entirely on black characters; others addressed relationships between all races. Some attacked racism; others addressed issues in black communities.
Born in Missouri; grew up in Kansas Lived w/ grandmother Moved to Illinois and Ohio when grandmother died Lived with mother and step-father Attended Columbia University Worked in Africa Lived in Mexico, France, and Italy ▪ Spoke German and Spanish
Discovered by a poet Hughes was a busboy at a restaurant; he left three poems near an established poet’s plate Wrote poems specifically for jazz accompaniment His work is an attempt to “explain and illuminate the Negro condition in America”
Born in Jamaica 8 th child of farming family When he was 9, he moved in with older brother Moved to Harlem in 1914 Opened restaurant with friend ▪ It failed Supported himself as janitor, butler, etc while writing. Lived abroad (France/Russia) from 1922-1934 Became disillusioned with communism Moved back to US, taught in Catholic schools in Chicago
Wrote poems in Jamaican dialect of English Published two collections with help of a friend Concentrated on writing fiction and essays in France Published four novels His sonnets (14 line poems) voice his ambivalent and often defiant feelings about African American life in the United States.