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PROJECT ASSESSMENT – MAIN RESULTS FROM DESK REVIEW Implementing Partners Workshop, European Commission Investing in People thematic programme – 25-06-2012.

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Presentation on theme: "PROJECT ASSESSMENT – MAIN RESULTS FROM DESK REVIEW Implementing Partners Workshop, European Commission Investing in People thematic programme – 25-06-2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 PROJECT ASSESSMENT – MAIN RESULTS FROM DESK REVIEW Implementing Partners Workshop, European Commission Investing in People thematic programme – Consultants: François EYRAUD, Pascal ANNYCKE Pascal ANNYCKE Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

2 2 INTRODUCTION « Investing in People » Target groups: -Informal workers -Vulnerable groups (PwDs, children, youth, women, remote areas, etc.) Improve their living and working conditions Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

3 3 Introduction « Investing in People » 2009 calls for proposals: 2 sub programmes: Education, Knowledge and Skills – 15 projects covering 19 countries Employment and Social cohesion – 19 projects covering 20 countries Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

4 4 Methodology 1.Desk Review of project documents 2.Preparation of a questionnaire with complementary points to the desk review 3.Identification of 3 key assessment areas for successful project: - Accessibility - Improvement - Sustainability and multiplier/development effect Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

5 5 I. Accessibility Definition: Capacity of the project to reach and benefit to the target population - Workers in the informal economy - Other vulnerable groups Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

6 6 I. Accessibility - Identification of the Target Groups 1.Methods of Identification: Specific groups identified by local partners Specialized Local CSO are directly in contact with the most vulnerable persons from the target groups (e.g. local CSO working with PwDs, womens group, waste picker workers, self help group, etc.) Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

7 7 I. Accessibility - Identification of the Target Groups 2.Methods of Identification Broader techniques to reach broader vulnerable groups in the informal sector – for instance in TVET projects. Use of traditional media network to contact them: - Local newspapers - Broadcasting messages on local radio Need to be combined with other methods Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

8 8 I. Accessibility - Identification of the Target Groups 3.Methods of Identification - Social Mapping Techniques: Presentation of information on village/region layout, infrastructure, demography, ethno-linguistic groups, health care structure, social protection mechanisms, wealth, etc. Usually undertaken by specialized bodies Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

9 9 I. Accessibility - Identification of the Target Groups Methods of Identification: Importance of an accurate definition of the target groups to reach and select the most vulnerable and relevance of the tools/techniques to identify/reach them Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

10 10 I. Accessibility - Characteristics of the target groups -Importance of the Identification of the characteristics of the target groups : -Availability of the target population -What are their main sources of vulnerability? -Socio-demographic characteristics of the population -Capacities of the beneficiaries (e.g. Can they read and write ?) Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

11 11 I. Accessibility - Characteristics of the target groups -Adapt the activities of the project to the characteristics (e.g. availability, capacities, vulnerabilities) of the beneficiaries e.g. Do they need basic literacy and numeracy courses? What new technology can they master, mobile phone? Etc. Characteristics of the target groups and adjustment of activities to their characteristics and needs Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

12 12 II: Improvement – Improving living/working conditions « Investing in People » core purpose: Improve the living and working conditions of the target groups For TVET projects: Better employability, increase income generating activities (IGA) For Employment & Social Cohesion projects: Reduce sources of vulnerabilities, access to social protection mechanisms Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

13 13 II. Improvement – TVET Projects 4 main types of Training Activities for informal workers -Basic skills (literacy and numeracy) -Business skills (accounting, sales prices, credit) -Specialized Technical skills (e.g. handicraft, carpentry, knitting, agriculture, etc.) -soft skills (communication, presentation, basic IT, work attitude, safety and health) Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

14 14 II. Improvement – TVET Projects Objectives of TVET projects: -Better employability resulting from training – as an employee or a self-employed - Increase confidence of informal workers (e.g. with certification of their skills) - Increase income generating activities (IGA) Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

15 15 II. Improvement – TVET Projects Sequences for TVET projects: 1.Analysis of needs/characteristics of target group 2.Analysis of skills required by the market 3.Design of training modules/method accordingly 4.Setting up a certification system 5.Set up insertion/business support mechanism 6.Consolidation of the project by institutionalization and financial strategies Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

16 16 II. Improvement - Employment & Social Cohesion Projects 4 Main types of Activities: - Prevention Activities: Occupational Safety and Health (OSH), health care, child labour and abuse, etc.) - Promotion Activities: Access to credit, training - Protection Activities: Access to social protection mechanisms (health insurance, child benefits, etc.) - Transformative Activities: awareness raising, strengthening legal system and social protection Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

17 17 II. Improvement - Employment & Social Cohesion Projects Objectives of Employment & Social Cohesion projects: -Reduce sources of vulnerabilities, risks -Provide assets to vulnerable groups (finance, skills, etc.) -Improve living conditions (health, shelters, etc.) Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

18 18 II. Improvement - Employment & Social Cohesion Projects Sequences for Social Cohesion projects: 1.Identification of vulnerability characteristics of target group 2.Social protection mechanism reducing vulnerability 3.Design of TVET programs adapted to the target groups 4.Assist the target groups to IGA and/or to find a job 5.Build collective empowerment and institutionalization of the employment/social protection mechanisms Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

19 19 II. Improvement – Development/Multiplier effect Indirect effects of the project on local development Positive impact on human development, skills and personal capacities Project invest on long term to create long term dynamics Virtuous socio-economic circles Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

20 20 II. Improvement - Multiplier effect Example of virtuous local economic circle: small business development (IGA) Job Creations Increase of local demand Consumer spending Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

21 21 II. Improvement - Multiplier effect Training TVET Increase skills and knowledge Higher quality production Need to adapt to new production Need for more training Example of virtuous TVET circle:

22 22 III. Sustainability - definition « Investing in People » : Long term vision with expectations of Mid-long term results of the projects. Sustainability of activities and results Dynamic and indirect dimension of the projects: Long and Mid Term Development and Multiplier effect Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

23 23 III. Methods used for sustainability - Stakeholder committee -Integration in policies and structures -Individual empowerment -Collective empowerment -Legalization/institutionalization -Financial strategy Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

24 24 III. Sustainability – Stakeholder Committees Creation of a Stakeholder/Steering Committees: 1.Search for ownership of the project by local and/or national authorities 2.Develop broad partnership 3.Involve experts 4.Help to take the optimal decisions 5.Link formal institutions with informal employment and vulnerable groups «decent informality » 6. Institutionalization of structures developed by the project Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

25 25 III. Sustainability – Integration in policies and structures How is the project integrated in existing national policies or programmes ? How does the project integrate the existing local/national structures ? Use of policies and structures contribute to the formalization process and to the sustainability of the project results Become Benchmark for Multiplier effect Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

26 26 III. Sustainability – Individual Empowerment - Social protection against poverty trap - increase employability with adapted training to the needs of the informal workers - Network for job placement - Access to micro-credit - Recognition of skills with certification Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

27 27 III. Sustainability – Collective Empowerment Communities promote and defend their collective interests: Support and develop existing structures Collective social protection and safety net mechanisms (pooling social risks) Informal Workers Associations (creation of an Union or join an existing association) Generalization of the structure created by the project (Macro) Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

28 28 III. Sustainability – Institutionalization 1. Consolidation of project activities by institutionalizing/legalizing them Importance of the link with national institutions (e.g. certification) 2. Lobbying activities to implement legal rights for vulnerable groups 3. Promote specific rights (e.g. PwDs) Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

29 29 III. Financial Sustainability 1.Fees or contributions from beneficiaries -limited- 2.Income generated by the structure 3.Subsidies 4.Transfer ownership to national authorities 5.Good governance of the project Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

30 30 III. Sustainability and Multiplier Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

31 31 III. Tools to create a Multiplier Effect STRUCTURE CREATED by the PROJECT : - Training System and Centres - Social Security Schemes - Income Generating System DISSEMINATION Structure Duplicated Structure Duplicated STEERING COMMITTEE Structure Duplicated Structure Duplicated INTEGRATE NATIONAL STRUCTURE Structure Duplicated Structure Duplicated LEGALIZATION Structure Duplicated Structure Duplicated INTEGRATE WIDER STRUCTURE Structure Duplicated Structure Duplicated

32 32 Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

33 33 Other aspects of the projects 1. Purpose of a multiple country project ? 2. Analysing and using the project environment: -Using existing materials and expertise (e.g. online), - links with previous projects, lessons learnt - Synergies with current projects, activities Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS

34 34 CONCLUSION Well structured projects with relevant targets and activities Still a long way to monitor activities, integrate changes and reach outcomes Focusing on Accessibility, Improvement and Sustainability Informality and vulnerability as a continuum and long term objectives Project funded by the European Union and implemented by AETS


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