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1 Energy A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Energy A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Energy A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies

2 Roadmaps 2030 Green Paper Proposals for the 2030 framework for climate and energy policies 2011March 2013September 2013 The 2030 framework will build on the 2050 Roadmaps - Concrete proposals by the end of 2013 On-going discussions with Member States, EU institutions and stakeholders

3 3 Increased certainty for Memeber States and reduce regulatory risks for investors Growth and jobs through demand for efficient and low carbon technologies Definition of EU ambitions in view of a new international climate change agreement Early agreement on the 2030 framework is essential

4 4 The 2030 policy framework should take into account lesson learned from the 2020 framework and the economic and political context of today The 2030 framework must ensure progress towards three objectives

5 5 The EU is making good progress towards meeting the 2020 RES target - But most Member States are still some distance away Renewable sources accounted for 12.7% of the EU's energy consumption in 2010 Source: Eurostat

6 6 EU energy consumption is going down, but 2020 target likely to be missed with current policies projections Source: European Commission

7 7 Increasing concern about energy import dependency and rising energy prices Stability and costs of renewables support schemes, impacts on the internal energy market, on grid stability and capital allocation Need for massive investments in energy transmission and distribution infrastructure, e.g. due to renewables expansion Differences between Member States in improving energy efficiency; implementation of directives Current large surplus of ETS allowances, resulting in a low carbon price and low investment incentives Need for coherence of policy instruments Challenges in meeting 2020 targets - to be considered in the 2030 framework

8 8 "No Regrets" options from the Energy Roadmap 2050 More Energy Efficiency More Renewables More infrastructures

9 9 (1) Energy savings throughout the system are crucial Current policy initiatives Decarbonisation scenarios Gross energy consumption (in Mtoe) Source: European Commission

10 10 The share of renewables is between 28% and 31% in the decarbonisation scenarios. (2) The share of renewables rises steadily over time Source: European Commission Share of renewables in gross final energy consumption (in %)

11 11 More investments also needed in grid infrastructure, storage, etc. (3) Large investment for power generation is needed ~ 2.5 trillion Euros up to Source: European Commission Cumulative investment expenditure for power generation from 2011 to 2050 (in billion €2008)

12 12 Import dependency falls, especially after 2030 with electification of transport Current policy initiatives Decarbonisation scenarios All decarbonisation scenarios will reduce the EU’s energy import dependency. Net energy imports (in Mtoe) Source: European Commission

13 13 Should climate and energy targets be set for 2030? If so, which ones? Targets Which are the most appropriate policy instruments to meet potential new targets for the period up to 2030? How can Research and Innovation best support the 2030 framework? Instruments How can EU policies take account of international developments? Eg. Climate negotiations How can internationally competitive and affordable energy prices be ensured? Competitiveness & Security of Supply How can an equitable distribution of efforts be ensured among Member States? How to best consider the different investment capacities of industry sectors and consumer groups? Effort Sharing These are the main issues to be considered for the 2030 framework

14 14 Electricity prices – the US is increasing its advantage… Source: IEA, Energy Prices and Taxes, 4th quarter 2012 Evolution of end-user electricity prices for industry, taxes excluded

15 15 …in part due to the shale gas boom - US wholesale prices for gas are 3-4 times lower than in the EU Source: European Commission

16 16 End-user electricity prices for households differ substantially between MS - "non-energy" component is very significant Source: Eurostat

17 17 Lower differences between MS for industry end-user prices Source: Eurostat

18 /2006 Green Paper on a future common European Energy Policy 01/2007 Commission proposal for 2020 climate and energy package 12/ 2008 Head of State and Government reached agreement on the package 06/2011 Energy Efficiency Directive 11/2010 Commission Communication on the Energy 2020 Strategy 12/2011 Commission Communication Energy Roadmap /2009 RES Directive 03/2006 Green Paper 2015 Global Climate Change Agreements More concrete proposals for the 2030 framework Window of opportunity Building on the past towards the future….!

19 19 Impact Assessment Assessment of responses to the consultation Jan. Commission proposals for the 2030 framework Feb.Mar.Apr.Jun.Jul.AugSept.Oct.Nov.Dec.May April 22 May European Council Adoption of the Green Paper consultation procedure Council meetings Update of reference scenario Concrete steps towards the 2030 framework in 2013

20 20 Back up

21 21 *Gross inland consumption minus non-energy uses Progress towards the 2020 Energy Savings target Source: European Commission

22 22 The share of renewables rises steadily over time Source: European Commission Share of renewables in primary energy consumption (in %)

23 23 Retail electricity prices paid by households and industry in 2012 Note: Euro/kWh, first half of 2012, consumption bands DC and IC, all taxes included Source of data: Eurostat

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