Presentation on theme: "Climate change and Urban Environment Strategy"— Presentation transcript:
1Climate change and Urban Environment Strategy Antoaneta Yoveva, architect,Director of Sustainable World Foundation (SWF), Bulgariatel ,address: bul. Hr.Botev 37, Sofia 1606, Bulgaria
2EU Policy documentFor new EU member states (Bulgaria Romania and may be others) the document THEMATIC STRATEGY ON THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT is not yet poplar enoughStill some measures are in place and as good practices in Sofia are good examples and are worth to be shared
3SWF projects and influence Our projects deal with physical environment, urban policies, methodologies for local authorities (indicators), investment projects for urban development and planning, architecture and design, housing refurbishment and renovation, etc. , (more than 25 initiatives realized with EU funding and from other international donors, our good practices for climate change follow )
4THEMATIC STRATEGY ON THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT Sustainable construction methods & techniquesUrban designSustainable Urban ManagementSustainable Urban Transport
5Sustainable construction methods & techniques Some of the most relevant recommendations included in this report are:Compliance and responsibility to the Kyoto Protocol commitments.Public money to be spent on projects that respect the requirements of sustainable constructionDevelopment of Horizontal Standardised Methods for the Assessment of the Integrated Environmental Performance of BuildingsTaxes and all other regulatory mechanisms used to help motivate the stakeholders to achieve more sustainable construction
61.Sustainable construction methods & techniques The use of resources to become moresustainable - decentralised utility systems (recycling of grey water, energy production, for waste collection)Education and awareness raising campaigns must prepare all relevant actors to achieve a more sustainable built environment and a more efficient use of the built environment
71.Sustainable construction methods & techniques Objectives due to be defined at the European institutions level and adapted to each member state’s reality in terms of climate:Improve indoor and outdoor air quality;Improve indoor and outdoor comfort conditions (thermal, acoustic and visual);Improve the energy efficiency of buildings by implementing appropriate construction methods and techniques (passive solar design) internalising the best of the local climate conditions;Reduce CO2 emissions per capita and per sector;Integrate renewable energy systems (active solar and wind) and energy management systems for permanent monitoring;Specify systems to maximise efficiency in operation, making room for flexible performanceReduce waste and facilitate waste separation;Reduce water demand and implement grey water recycling systems at the local level;Reduce running and maintenance costs.
82. Urban designThe three main thematic objectives that this report addresse are:Re-designing and retro-fitting existing urban areas to support sustainable developmentSustainable design for greenfield sitesKnitting the urban fabric together to achieve an integrated city wide vision, including viewing urban areas in relation to their hinterlands
92. Urban design the re-use and regeneration of urban land Key urban design themes as the focus of policy objectives, legislation, targets, guidance and researchthe re-use and regeneration of urban landdensity of new developmentlocation of new development – relation to public transport and other accessibility factorsdesign of green structures and city landscapestreets and movement structure (pedestrian and cycle environment, public spaces, public transport)promoting mixed usesdesigning for affordable housingaccessible public amenities and services for all social groups;appropriate conservation, renovation and use/re-use of cultural heritagesustainable, high quality architecture and building technologies
102. Urban design An appropriate urban density must allow for: Efficient public transport systemsAffordable urban infrastructures and servicesEasy access to collective facilities.Creating community identity.In order to achieve the former objectives, the followingactions should be taken: - Increase density in urban sprawl areas so as to avoid excessive land consumption; - Consider the use of ‘maximum standards’ to discourage low-density developments. - Adjust density in central areas to maintain acceptable quality of life levels. - Preserve green areas among existing and new urban areas. - Develop decentralised nodes in large urban areas. - Use available technologies to adjust densities to quality of life.
113. Sustainable Urban Management Most of the recommendations for the EC concern funding initiatives, due to be accomplished either in framework of existing programmes.Dissemination and Promotion of Good Practice and Methods (Integrated Urban Local Plans by means of Local Agenda 21 Sustainable Cities Campaign)Promoting the key role of active national policies as political and financial measures supporting Local Agenda 21 approaches and methods.Good practice demonstration networks/handbooks to spread information on available tools.Dissemination of information on LA21 and EMAS as urban management tools by strengthening the support given to networks of local and regional authorities,Facilitating the exchange of information and through awards, eco-labelling and benchmarking. Training actions of both local authorities and representatives of NGOs should be part of this dissemination
123. Sustainable Urban Management Building Institutional Capacity – Increaseinstitutional capacity of local institutionsthrough Structural Funds and other forms offinancial support, environmental policies andregulatory activitiesA Sustainable Cities Civic Leadership Programme for local government officials and politicians should be sponsoredAdoption of urban environment management systems (EMAS)MS to introduce Cumulative Impact Assessment and Territorial Impact Assessment as part of the impact assessment practices through the provision of guidanceProposed An Urban Environment Framework Directive
134. Sustainable Urban Transport Air and Noise PollutionAir pollution levels, especially sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulates, andhydrocarbons, have been falling, and continue to fall, in many western European cities,SafetyIn the accession countries, traffic accidents are rising, and a decoupling between traffic growth and accidents still needs to be realised. Urban areas play a critical role in traffic accidentsHealthVehicle emissions, such as carbon monoxide, fine particulates, hydrocarbons,nitrogen oxides, and sulphur oxides have severe effects on health. The whole range of effects includes premature death, illnesses, medical care, and reduced physical activityAdministrationinefficient integration between locally managed urban public transportand urban road systems and often nationally managed railway and highway systems, or the interactions between private and public sector involvement
144. Sustainable Urban Transport Flexibility is a key condition given the uncertainty of the future. Overall, the EC should take action by:establishing a clear EU vision on sustainable urban transport, and this vision should be consistent throughout all EU institutions and EU funding;creating a framework for action, and offering guidance to promote sustainable urban transport at the local level.
154. Sustainable Urban Transport Specific recommendations to the EC for the following target areas:Policy Coherence at the EU level;Sustainable Urban Transport Plans;Financial Policies;Monitoring of Progress Towards Policy ObjectivesbyUsing Indicators and Conducting Impact Assessment;EC Policy Initiatives;Improved Governance;Dissemination of Good Practices and Knowledge;Promoting Awareness about Sustainable Urban Transport.
16Sofia good practicesAlternative transport – SWF’s specific project “With a bike to school” biking lanes to several downtown schools, participation in the design of the Sofia master planEnergy saving solar houses in suburban Sofia areas – SWF’s design work and urban plansProjects for housing refurbishment in central city parts – technologies, renewable energy resources, etc.
17Alternative transport – biking lanes specific project “With a bike to school” The master city plan envisages a system of biking lanes all over the city as an alternative transportDetailed plans for each district exist and will be realized at funding availability (EU structural funds)Specific project for 4 Sofia schools – its results are : educated children and provided safe condition for biking to school – its achievements are good and are demonstrated bellow
18With a bike to school project of SWF – 2002 Investment measures realized - safe condition for biking to school
19Investment measures realized - safe condition for biking to school
21Investment measures realized - safe condition for biking to school
22Energy saving architecture design New technologies introducedEnergy conservation measuresRenewable energy resources useRecycling of waterLife style improvement – less energy consumptionPresented is the design of single family house for the suburban areas, which will be constructed in a number of lots
23Energy saving architecture design A single family house for suburban areas designed for energy saving and renewable energy resources useOrientation- south, east, windows , “throb walls” collecting solar heat
24Energy saving architecture design A single family house for suburban areas designed for energy saving and renewable energy resources useGreen barriers – evergreen trees to north to protect from winds, deciduous to south to allow sun flow in winter
25Energy saving architecture design A single family house for suburban areas designed for energy saving and renewable energy resources useInnovativetechnologies solar water heatingcollectors,voltaic batteries,thermal pumps,etc.
26Housing renovation projects – private initiatives and donor's programmes are ongoing in Sofia Measures that contribute to climate change:Introduction of renewable resources – geothermal heatinginsulation and double glazingventilation systems will be replaced, with more energy efficient onesdistrict heating system - main supply of heatsmart control systems resulting in additional savings
27THANK YOU FOR THE ATTENTION! We referred to a EU document, which is popular among the EU countries and is still disputable.However, its principles are important and there is no harm to repeat them again. Some of our projects support it practically and are worth sharing as good practices from Sofia.Climate change will be slowed down and stopped, if reasonable architectural measures are implemented, alternative transport introduced wider, and lifestyle (daily behavior) for energy saving is made familiar to everybody…