Presentation on theme: "GENDER TRAINING WEEK at EU Headquarters"— Presentation transcript:
1 GENDER TRAINING WEEK at EU Headquarters Brussels, June 2010
2 Components of the training Basic Gender training (14-15 June 2010)Why genderGender conceptsGender equality strategiesTools for gender mainstreamingGender mainstreaming in PCMGender Focal Persons Workshop ( June 2010)EU Gender policy commitmentsHow to go from Policy to Practice at country levelInstruments, Tools and Entry Points for promoting gender equality in EU Development CooperationSharing Good PracticesConnecting GFPs to the EU, the Global Agenda and NetworksGender Focal Persons GuideFollow up of the GFP-Workshop
3 Gender conceptsGender: this concept refers to socially constructed differences, which change in time and placeGender Equality: The needs, aspirations, and interests of women and men are equally valued and favoured in a way that both benefit from the development process and fully enjoy their human rights.Gender mainstreaming: the process of promoting gender equality in all policies, programmes and projects at all levels and at all stages. The ultimate goal is achieving gender equality
4 Strategies to promote gender equality Equal opportunitiesCapacity buildingWomen’s machineryTemporary special measures (Cedaw, art. 4)Women’s empowermentGender mainstreamingSpecific actions to enhance gender equalityGender budgetingPolitical and policy dialogue
5 EU strategy to promote Gender Equality Three-pronged approach:Political and policy dialoguegender mainstreamingspecific actions
6 Where to mainstream gender equality? Analytical framework Macro-Level:ProjectMacro levelMeso Level:Meso levelMicro level:Micro levelSectors
7 The WID-approach (Women in Development) Women’s projects are seperated from the rest. Now and then gender issues are taken into account in other projects and programmes
9 Tools for gender mainstreaming Gender Roles TableFramework for equal Access to and Control over Benefits and ResourcesGender Needs Table: practical and strategic gender needsGender analysis: essential for Country Gender Profile = compulsory for next generation CSPsGESCi (Gender Equality Screening Checklist in the Identification Phase) = Compulsory tool since 2010G-Marker (Gender Equality Policy Marker): To be applied in CRIS for marking relevance
10 Main Policy Commitments to promote Gender Equality (GE) and Women’s Empowerment (WE)
11 is a common value of the European Union Treaty on European Union Gender Equality = Common value of the EU and shall be promotedFrom the founding ‘Treaty of Rome (1957)’ to the current ‘Treaty of Lisbon’ (2009):Equality between women and menis a common value of the European UnionTo bring policy into practice,gender equality shall be promotedin internal and external actions of the EU.Treaty on European Union, Article 2:The Union is founded on the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities. These values are common to the Member States in a society in which pluralism, non-discrimination, tolerance, justice, solidarity and equality between women and men prevail.Source: Consolidated version 2008 of the Treaty of Lisbon
12 4. European Consensus on Development Declaration which defines at the level of the European Union:Common valuesPrinciples in favour ofObjectives poverty eradication.MeansIt commits the European Union as a whole; the Member States, not only as members of the Council, but also as bilateral donors.See: European Consensus on Development (2005): articles 11, 13, 19, 101 and 104.
13 4. European Consensus on Development Gender equalityand women’s empowermentat the EU agenda as:a goala common valuea fundamentalhuman righta question ofsocial justice
14 4. European Consensus on Development Gender equality and women’s empowermentat the heart of EU development cooperation asthey are:key prerequisites for poverty reductionkey to all developmentcore part of all policy strategiesinstrumental in achieving international commitments… and will be promoted through support to equal rights, access and control over resources, political and economic voice, and must be mainstreamed in all aspects of development cooperation.
15 Frame for a better EU coordination Main objectives: 5. Communication of 8 March on Gender Equality and Women Empowerment in Development Cooperation (& Conclusion of the Council)Frame for a better EU coordinationMain objectives:Increase efficiency of gender mainstreamingRefocus specific actions for women’s empowerment in partner countriesThe current European strategy on ‘Gender Equality and Women Empowerment in Development Cooperation’ is laid down in a Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council of 8 March 2007
16 5. Communication of 8 March 2007: Efficient Gender Mainstreaming Changes pursued in 3 areas:Political action:Bring gender equality into political dialogue at the highest levelDevelopment cooperation:make gender assessments in the preparation phaseinvolve relevant stakeholdersensure gender accountability mechanismslink budget support to gender performance indicatorsInstitutional capacity building:use updated practical toolscreate access to information and best practicesorganize gender training for staff and partners
17 5. Communication of 8 March 2007: Actions to Empower Women Promote Gender Specific Actions in the area of:Governance: e.g. human rights, women’s political participation, gender-based violenceEmployment and economic activities: e.g. equality in the labour market, gender-aware PFMEducation: e.g. MDG-2 and MDG-3Health: e.g. MDGs + sexual and reproductive healthGender-based violence: e.g. legislation, victim protection, awareness raising
18 Harmonization: ensure EU-wide donor coordination and joint efforts 5. Communication of 8 March 2007: Gender Equality and Aid EffectivenessOwnership: ensure women’s participation in the whole process at all levelsAlignment: bring Country Strategy Papers in line with shared (inter)national commitments on gender equalityHarmonization: ensure EU-wide donor coordination and joint effortsManagement for results: ensure equal rights and opportunities in economic & social spheres, equal access to and control over resources & benefits and equal voiceMutual accountability: include gender-equality indicators in Performance Assessment Frameworks, use gender-disaggregated data where possible, and apply gender budgeting tools.Ownership:Application of the principle of genuine ownership at the level of the governments as well as civil society means include also women.If women’s political participation in governmental bodies is limited, EC will support (new) women’s CSOs and CBOs, and invest significantly in their capacity building2. Alginment:Align gender equality commitments in the development dialogue through shared international commitments.Bring national policies, priorities and strategies in line with international and regional commitments: MDGs, Beijing Platform for Action, Cairo Action Programme, CEDAW, UNSCR 1325 and 1820.Ensure that a gender perspective is included in the analysis for the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, the National Development Plan, or Country Strategy PaperSecure a broader multi-dimensional conception of poverty beyond income poverty and including time poverty, inequalities in access to and control over material and non-material resources in society3. Harmonization:Secure that civil society contributes to political dialogue from a gender perspective and if needed, agree on appropriate capacity-building measures for CSO’sIncrease European-wide coordination and harmonization in promoting Gender Equality in development cooperation by Regular meetings of Member States’ Gender Experts and joint efforts towards an Action Plan (Gender Action plan approved as staaf-paper on 8 March 2010)Identify best practices and enhance exchange of theseCoordinate in-Country Strategy Papers and Joint Assistance StrategiesCoordination between EC Delegations and EU Member State Embassies to address Gender Equality activities4. Management for results, such as:Access to health and educationChanges in female employment an incomeGender distribution of unpaid care workIncidence of gender based violenceRight to inheritance, property and land useWomen’s representation and participation in decision making
19 A question of social justice A core value of the EU development policy 6. EU Plan of Action on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment (GEWE) in Development ( )Approved by the EU Council (14 June 2010) as anOperational Framework to reiterate the strong EU Commitment to Gender Equality as:A human rightA question of social justiceA core value of the EU development policyOperational Framework built upon political and practical consensus among EU Member States, with inputs from delegations and civil society organizations.
20 Accelerate the achievement of the MDGs, especially MDG-3 and MDG-5, 6. EU Plan of Action on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment (GEWE) in Development ( )Overall objective:Accelerate the achievement of the MDGs, especially MDG-3 and MDG-5,as well as to attain the goals set out by CEDAW, Beijing Platform for Action, and the Cairo Programme of Action
21 6. EU Plan of Action on GEWE in Development (2010-2015) 9 Specific Objectives:Lead role of EU to promote GEWE in developmentEnsure adequate human and financial resources for GEWEGE-issues systematically on the agenda of dialogueMainstream GE in all EU funded aid modalitiesPrioritize NSA’s participation, capacity building, and advocacy on GEWEImprove EU monitoring, accountability and transparency on allocation of funds for GEWEStrengthen country’s efforts to achieveMDG-3 + MDG-5Strengthen country’s efforts to combat GBV and discrimination against women and girlsSupport countries to implement UNSCRs 1325,1820,1888, 1889
22 6. EU Plan of Action on GEWE in Development (2010-2015) Operational FrameworkFor each of the 9 Specific Objectives:ActionsIndicatorsTime-tableTasks for Commission and EU Member StatesAt HQ levelAt Country Level (worked out by GFPs)
23 Comprehensive guidance to ensure that the EU’s external actions 7. Comprehensive Approach to the EU Implementation of the UNSCRs 1325 and 1820 on Women, Peace and Security (2008)Comprehensive guidance to ensure that the EU’s external actionsare shaped to protect women from violencecontribute to increased equality between women and men during and after armed conflict and in situations of fragility.
24 Protection and support Prosecution of perpetrators 8. EU Guidelines on Violence against Women and Girls and Combating All Forms of Discrimination against them (2008)Purpose:Mark the EU’s clear political will to treat the subject of women’s rights as a priority and to take long-term action in that fieldThree aims:PreventionProtection and supportProsecution of perpetrators
25 Sharing good practices: Presentations by GFPs Turkey: How EU funding and policy dialogue contributed to the gender equality agenda in TurkeyGuatemala: Gender Coordination Mechanisms at country levelLebanon: Gender working Groups (GEWOG) between EU and Member StatesCambodia: Good practice on Empowerment of women through grassroots activismBangladesh: Working with Government and UN to empower girlsUganda: Experience on Gender in conflict situationUkraine: Working with UN on Women’s and Children’s RightsWest Bank, Gaza Strip: Films by Palestinian Women
26 Connecting with EU and Global Networks Gender work of OECD Development Centre and WikigenderEU Networks and resources, including intranetGood Practice: Regional GFP Network in Latin AmericaConnecting with CSO Networks: European Women’s Lobby, WIDE (Women in Development) , global network VAWIC (Violence against Women and Girls in Conflict)Mapping own networks and access to information
27 OUTCOME and FOLLOW-UP of the GFP workshop GUIDE FOR GENDER FOCAL PERSONSOverview of “ACTIONS THAT REFER EXCLUSIVELY TO DELEGATIONS DIRECTLY” (derived from EU Plan of Action on GEWE )Letter of 30 June 2010 from Koos RICHELLE and Stefano MANSERVISI to all Heads of Delegation on implementing the EU Plan of Action on GEWE at country level and giving FOLLOW UP to GFP WorkshopA. Example of regional approach: Central america regional observer for women’s rights and combating VAW