Presentation on theme: "The Impact of Development Cooperation in Reaching MDGs 3 Presented by: Hon. Dr. Nurhayati Ali Assegaf, M.Si., MP First Vice President of Coordinating Committee."— Presentation transcript:
The Impact of Development Cooperation in Reaching MDGs 3 Presented by: Hon. Dr. Nurhayati Ali Assegaf, M.Si., MP First Vice President of Coordinating Committee of the Meeting of Women and Peace of Inter-Parliamentary Union Vice Chair-Person of Committee for Inter Parliementary Cooperation of The House of Representatives of Republic Indonesia 2010 Development Cooperation Forum Helsinki, Finland
MDGs 3: Development Cooperation, Challenges and Solutions 1.Critical Issues and Commitments 2.Indicators of the Achievement of Gender Equality and Women Empowerment Program 3.Problem of Tracking the Impact of Development Assistance on Gender Equality 4.Addressing a Lack of Relevant Sex-Disaggregated Statistics 5.Good Practices: Indonesia Central Bureau of Statistic 6.Practical Requirements of Gender Consideration into New Aid Delivery Mechanism 7.The Most Pressing Requirements to Develop Capacity for Gender Responsive Aid Strategies and Management Practices 8.Immediate Action Agenda Needed in the Future In this Presentation:
Traditional gender norms, stereotypes, and practices. Employment, Migration and displacement Globalization and regional integration Laws and policies supporting gender equality Regional diversity Critical Issue: Asia-Pacific Challenges
At National Level: Mainstreaming Gender Equality and Empowerment in all development plannings at ministerial level. Affirmative policies and programmes on education for girls and women. Promote and ensure Equality of Laws for Men and Women, esp on: Equality in Job Opportunities, Wages, Rights for Maternity Leave. Property Rights: Land, Property. Protection against Domestic Violence. Rearrange and establish institutional arrangements to accomodate and supervise gender issues, ex. National Commission against Violence. Indonesia has several legislation which can be considered as best practices in gender advocation: - The Law No. 12 Year 2006 regarding Nationality - The Law No. 21 Year 2007 regarding Criminal Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons - The Law No. 23 Year 2004 regarding Elimination of Domestic Violence - The Law No. 21 Year 2002 and The Law No. 10 Year 2008 regarding General Election which is related to womens quota in parliament At Regional Level: Cooperation in policy making, higher education, legal protection Commitments
Indicators for The Achievement of Gender Equality and Women Empowerment Program Many indicators can be used to reflect the achievement of gender equality and women empowerment program, among others are: Number and ratio of new jobs for women to new job for men, by sector and industry; Proportion of women in formal sector and self-employment; Proportion of women-owned sole proprietorship; Number of sexuality education classes conducted in school; Number of cases of violence against women reported to police; Proportion of the population that knows violence against women is a crime; Number and size of womens quotas in national parliament; Proportion of the national budget devoted to gender equality and empowerment; Etc.
Problems of Tracking the Impact of Development Assistance on Gender Equality Relevant and accurate statistics are believed to serve as a determining factor in tracking the impact of development assistance on gender equality; Gender mainstreaming and women empowerment process has been hampered by a lack of relevant sex-disaggregated statistics.
Addressing a Lack of Relevant Sex-Disaggregated Statistics Considering that the role of statistics in tracking the impact of development assistance on gender equality and womens empowerment is indispensable, we believe that it is vital to invest in not only government capacity to collect and analyze gender sensitive information but also in civil societys capacity.
Good Practices: The Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics The Indonesian National Statistics Bureau is a non- departmental government institution which directly reports to the Indonesian President; The Bureaus main function is to provide data to the government and public. The data are derived from the Bureau comprehensive statistical activities, consisting of periodic information on structure and growth of economy, social change, and development; In regard to the Indonesias achievements on MDGs, the Bureau provides such statistics as Infant Mortality Rate, Mortality Ratio for Mothers in Labor, Ratio of Girls to Boys Enrolled in Education, Maternal Mortality Ratio, etc.
Good Practices: The Indonesian Donor Harmonization and Aid Effectiveness (1) As a signatory to Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, the Government of Indonesia and its development partners signed Jakarta Commitment: Aid for Development Effectiveness – Indonesias Roadmap to Recognizing the achievement of MDGs, improvement of public service deliveries and decentralization as main key development challenges, the Government takes a leading role to optimize the effectiveness of aid in supporting development priorities set by the Government.
Good Practices: The Indonesian Donor Harmonization and Aid Effectiveness (2) Jakarta Commitment consist of key principles to be followed gradually by multilateral/donor agencies: –Strengthening Country Ownership of Development, including aligning with government priorities, use of improved country and governance systems. –Effective and Inclusive Partnerships for Development, including for new aid instruments and South-South Cooperation. –Delivering and Accounting for Development Results including to harmonize monitoring and evaluation systems and institutions between the Governments and Partners.
OWNERSHIP ALIGNMENT HARMONIZATION MANAGING FOR RESULTS MUTUAL ACCOUNTABILITY PRACTICAL REQUIREMENTS 1 National Development Strategies and Budgetary Process which includes gender Equality goals and targets based on indicators PRACTICAL REQUIREMENTS 2 Capacity Building of national ministries to Mainstream gender budget initiative processes Through multi-sectoral technical assistance to Ministries in order to produce programmed Based budgeting PRACTICAL REQUIREMENTS 3 Shifts from projects based approaches to Programmed-based approaches as a way to Include gender-responsive results in programmed Plans and integrate gender-responsive budgeting principles into budget processes PRACTICAL REQUIREMENTS 4 Gender-responsive planning and performance Based monitoring with harmonized, gender Indicators, through improved collection and Analysis of sex-disaggregated data PRACTICAL REQUIREMENTS 5 Increasing public access to information on Policies based not only on development results But also those accountable for providing the policies 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness
Developing Capacities for Gender-Responsive Aid Strategies OWNERSHIP ALIGNMENT HARMONIZATION MANAGING FOR RESULTS MUTUAL ACCOUNTABILITY Greater initiatives and Role of Women in Pursuing their needs And seeking responses From policy-makers Identification of Priority Sectors in the National development Plans for technical and institutional Capacity building Consensus between Stakeholders in the Development arena on The importance of Gender equality Assessment Frameworks which Consist of a set of Indicators that Monitor national Development strategies which incorporate Assessment tools for gender equality Accountability indicators On the impact on gender Equality on development Spending at national and Local levels are needed In order to evaluate The impact of aid on Gender equality The Most Pressing Requirements to Develop Capacity for Gender Responsive Aid Strategies and Management Practices
To strengthen National Capacity-building to address capacity weakness through reforms within public sector institutions. To ensure that sex-disaggregated data for policy making process, monitoring and evaluation are including in aid-funded programs. To urge multilateral/donor agencies to explicitly mainstream gender perspectives and empowerment in all programs. Immediate Action Agenda Needed in the Future