Presentation on theme: "The Impact of Development Cooperation in Reaching MDGs 3"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Impact of Development Cooperation in Reaching MDGs 3 2010 Development Cooperation ForumHelsinki, FinlandThe Impact of Development Cooperation in Reaching MDGs 3Presented by: Hon. Dr. Nurhayati Ali Assegaf, M.Si., MPFirst Vice President of Coordinating Committee of the Meeting of Women and Peace of Inter-Parliamentary UnionVice Chair-Person of Committee for Inter Parliementary Cooperation ofThe House of Representatives of Republic Indonesia
2 MDGs 3: Development Cooperation, Challenges and Solutions In this Presentation:Critical Issues and CommitmentsIndicators of the Achievement of Gender Equality and Women Empowerment ProgramProblem of Tracking the Impact of Development Assistance on Gender EqualityAddressing a Lack of Relevant Sex-Disaggregated StatisticsGood Practices: Indonesia Central Bureau of StatisticPractical Requirements of Gender Consideration into New Aid Delivery MechanismThe Most Pressing Requirements to Develop Capacity for Gender Responsive Aid Strategies and Management PracticesImmediate Action Agenda Needed in the Future
3 Asia-Pacific Challenges Critical Issue:Asia-Pacific ChallengesTraditional gender norms, stereotypes, and practices.Employment, Migration and displacementGlobalization and regional integrationLaws and policies supporting gender equalityRegional diversity
4 Commitments At National Level: Mainstreaming Gender Equality and Empowerment in all development plannings at ministerial level.Affirmative policies and programmes on education for girls and women.Promote and ensure Equality of Laws for Men and Women, esp on:Equality in Job Opportunities, Wages, Rights for Maternity Leave.Property Rights: Land, Property.Protection against Domestic Violence.Rearrange and establish institutional arrangements to accomodate and supervise gender issues, ex. National Commission against Violence.Indonesia has several legislation which can be considered as “best practices” in gender advocation:- The Law No. 12 Year 2006 regarding Nationality- The Law No. 21 Year 2007 regarding Criminal Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons- The Law No. 23 Year 2004 regarding Elimination of Domestic Violence- The Law No. 21 Year 2002 and The Law No. 10 Year 2008 regarding General Election which is related to women’s quota in parliamentAt Regional Level:Cooperation in policy making, higher education, legal protection
5 Indicators for The Achievement of Gender Equality and Women Empowerment Program Many indicators can be used to reflect the achievement of gender equality and women empowerment program, among others are:Number and ratio of new jobs for women to new job for men, by sector and industry;Proportion of women in formal sector and self-employment;Proportion of women-owned sole proprietorship;Number of sexuality education classes conducted in school;Number of cases of violence against women reported to police;Proportion of the population that knows violence against women is a crime;Number and size of women’s quotas in national parliament;Proportion of the national budget devoted to gender equality and empowerment;Etc.
6 Problems of Tracking the Impact of Development Assistance on Gender Equality Relevant and accurate statistics are believed to serve as a determining factor in tracking the impact of development assistance on gender equality;Gender mainstreaming and women empowerment process has been hampered by a lack of relevant sex-disaggregated statistics.6
7 Addressing a Lack of Relevant Sex-Disaggregated Statistics Considering that the role of statistics in tracking the impact of development assistance on gender equality and women’s empowerment is indispensable, we believe that it is vital to invest in not only government capacity to collect and analyze gender sensitive information but also in civil society’s capacity.7
8 Good Practices: The Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics The Indonesian National Statistics Bureau is a non-departmental government institution which directly reports to the Indonesian President;The Bureau’s main function is to provide data to the government and public. The data are derived from the Bureau comprehensive statistical activities, consisting of periodic information on structure and growth of economy, social change, and development;In regard to the Indonesia’s achievements on MDGs, the Bureau provides such statistics as Infant Mortality Rate, Mortality Ratio for Mothers in Labor, Ratio of Girls to Boys Enrolled in Education, Maternal Mortality Ratio, etc.8
9 Good Practices: The Indonesian Donor Harmonization and Aid Effectiveness (1) As a signatory to Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, the Government of Indonesia and its development partners signed Jakarta Commitment: Aid for Development Effectiveness – Indonesia’s Roadmap to 2014.Recognizing the achievement of MDGs, improvement of public service deliveries and decentralization as main key development challenges, the Government takes a leading role to optimize the effectiveness of aid in supporting development priorities set by the Government.9
10 Good Practices: The Indonesian Donor Harmonization and Aid Effectiveness (2) Jakarta Commitment consist of key principles to be followed gradually by multilateral/donor agencies:Strengthening Country Ownership of Development, including aligning with government priorities, use of improved country and governance systems.Effective and Inclusive Partnerships for Development, including for new aid instruments and South-South Cooperation.Delivering and Accounting for Development Results including to harmonize monitoring and evaluation systems and institutions between the Government’s and Partners’.10
11 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness OWNERSHIPPRACTICAL REQUIREMENTS 1National Development Strategies and Budgetary Processwhich includes gender Equality goals and targets based on indicatorsALIGNMENTMUTUALACCOUNTABILITYPRACTICAL REQUIREMENTS 2Capacity Building of national ministries toMainstream gender budget initiative processesThrough multi-sectoral technical assistance toMinistries in order to produce programmedBased budgetingPRACTICAL REQUIREMENTS 5Increasing public access to information onPolicies based not only on development resultsBut also those accountable for providing thepoliciesHARMONIZATIONMANAGING FORRESULTSPRACTICAL REQUIREMENTS 3Shifts from projects based approaches toProgrammed-based approaches as a way toInclude gender-responsive results in programmedPlans and integrate gender-responsivebudgeting principles into budget processesPRACTICAL REQUIREMENTS 4Gender-responsive planning and performanceBased monitoring with harmonized, genderIndicators, through improved collection andAnalysis of sex-disaggregated data11
12 The Most Pressing Requirements to Develop Capacity for Gender Responsive Aid Strategies and Management PracticesDeveloping Capacities forGender-Responsive Aid StrategiesOWNERSHIPALIGNMENTHARMONIZATIONMANAGING FORRESULTSMUTUALACCOUNTABILITYGreater initiatives andRole of Women inPursuing their needsAnd seekingresponsesFrom policy-makersIdentification of PrioritySectors in theNational developmentPlans for technicaland institutionalCapacity buildingConsensus betweenStakeholders in theDevelopment arena onThe importance ofGender equalityAssessmentFrameworks whichConsist of a set ofIndicators thatMonitor nationalDevelopment strategieswhich incorporateAssessment toolsfor gender equalityAccountability indicatorsOn the impact on genderEquality on developmentSpending at national andLocal levels are neededIn order to evaluateThe impact of aid onGender equality12
13 Immediate Action Agenda Needed in the Future To strengthen National Capacity-building to address capacity weakness through reforms within public sector institutions.To ensure that sex-disaggregated data for policy making process, monitoring and evaluation are including in aid-funded programs.To urge multilateral/donor agencies to explicitly mainstream gender perspectives and empowerment in all programs.13
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