Key institutions; Sources of data; Models and calculations used; Examples of reporting and problems in reporting; How the domestic and international, emissions are disaggregated; Specific national projects to improve data reporting and inventories; Implications of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines; Lessons learned and recommendations;
Bahamas Environment, Science and Technology (BEST) Commission; Central Bank of The Bahamas; The Department of Statistics; Bahamas Electricity Corporation; Road Traffic Department Major Petroleum Suppliers A Project Steering Committee (PSC) to provide managerial support for project implementation; A Project management Group (PMG) to manage the project on a day-to-day basis and ensure delivery of project outputs; Working groups on National Greenhouse Gas (GHG ) Inventory, Vulnerability and Adaptation, and Mitigation respectively
Sources of data include: CO2 - Carbon dioxide, CH4 – Methane, N2O - Nitrous oxide, PFCs – Perfluorocarbons, HFCs – Hydrofluorocarbons, SF6 - Sulphur hexafluoride The data contain the most recently submitted information, covering the period from 1990 to 2000. A database is being designed by using Microsoft (R) Access2003 and it is possible for anyone to retrieve the compiled data as required. In the database, we take into consideration emissions scenarios with the following characteristics: –Geographical coverage -global scenarios, regional scenarios, and national scenarios –GHG coverage - all anthropogenic gases (CO2, CH4, N2O, HFC, PFC, SF6, SOx, NOx, CO, NMVOC.) –Sectoral scale - not only multi-sector scenarios but also specific sector (for instance, energy, transport, agriculture) scenarios are also considered.
Fuels used at marinas is referenced against Fuel Delivery Statistics from Petroleum Companies where available. (Not Always Available) The Ratio of Fuel sold at marinas and used in the Bahamas is estimated to be of the order of 80%. This allows backward extrapolation to estimate total fuel used in domestic marine transport.
Fuel Type 19901994 % Total Gasoline470.7476.525.2 Jet Kerosene 55.0 43.62.6 Gas/Diesel Oil802.4593.537.1 Residual fuel oil424.8696.929.8 LPG 39.7 40.8 2.1 Other Oils101.5 14.9 3.1 Total (Gg CO 2 )1894.11866.2
Transport19901994% Total Aviation49234154 Marine40430546 Total of all bunkers896645
Unavailability of the necessary information required prohibited the use of a higher tier approach. No clear cut approach to disaggregating fuel data into domestic and international components; Statistical data source between agencies not consistent; Aviation traffic is a better basis for distinguishing between domestic and international emissions but there is a reluctance to imparting the information; News is not All Bad as Specific Verification Exercises are performed where the Data is available.
The National GHG emissions data provided is not specifically disaggregated by commercial, general aviation and military traffic uses.
NAI countries not yet expected to adopt 2006 Guidelines. Greater reporting requirements will necessitate additional capacity which is not yet available in the Bahamas.
Workshops will be held to engage aviation authorities, airlines, airports, refineries and aviation inventory sources with a view to improving the accuracy of the emissions through checks.
Designated National Agency (DNA) responsible for GHG Inventory Enabling Legislation for Access to Information By the DNA Additional Capacity - Hard (Facilities/Data Processing) and Soft (Human capital) Establishment of Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) Between Agencies. Greater Involvement of Academia on technical teams and working groups (May require remuneration of experts)
Most Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are struggling with the reporting and inventory and the Bahamas is no different. Additional Workshops to assist with capacity building