Presentation on theme: "The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation UAS Security Antonio Nogueras Head DSS/CM/ATM Security Unit EU UAS Panel Workshop, 13-14 th."— Presentation transcript:
The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation UAS Security Antonio Nogueras Head DSS/CM/ATM Security Unit EU UAS Panel Workshop, 13-14 th September 2011
Background Studies carried out to identify security requirements Security Risk Assessment of UAS within European Airspace (EUROCONTROL) UAS Security (NEASCOG – NATO EUROCONTROL ATM Security Coordinating Group) Vulnerability study on exploitation of ADS-B signal for air attacks against aircraft in flight using UAVs (NEASCOG)
Existing conclusions on UAS security The use of UAS shall not increase the security risk above those currently experienced with manned aircraft Physical security: same standards as for manned aircraft Aircraft protection; tampering Access control to remote pilot station Cyber security: same standards as for CNS systems protection of software and data links from hacking, spoofing, interference or malicious hijack Airspace security: positive identification of UAVs UAVs must remain at all time under legitimate control; this implies the control of aircraft must not be delegated to anybody but the authorized owner/operator Where possible, additional requirements to address the risks shall be imposed on the UAS If necessary, UAVs could be neutralised i.e. sent to a safe area to land or destroyed/crashed in a controlled manner.
Experiences at national and international organisations Not much available. But general policies can be extrapolated to security: Generic: UAS to meet same level of security as manned aircraft US: strict policy on UAS; very limited access of UAS to NAS NL (JARUS): start with light UAS (< 150 Kg.). Coordinated with EASA NATO: guidelines on cross-border operations of UAVs in non- segregated airspace EUROCAE WG/72: security is part of its work programme SG-3 Command & Control, Communications & Spectrum, and Security RTCA SC 203: security is part of its work programme
Recommendations for EC regulations Human Resource security controls; operators & pilots Technical build standards for aircraft, control stations and critical sub-systems Roles and responsibilities of ATM authorities and operators; security policy/guidance, incident management, minimum security standards, security oversight Physical security controls Cyber security controls Technical controls, general engineering (comms, SW, HW, …) Command and Control requirements; positive identification Acquisition & development controls
possible calendar Calendar: transposition of existing regulations could speed up the process; i.e. EC 2096/2005 (Security Management Systems for ANSP Sec MS for UAS operators?