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20th November 2007 / Berlin PlanCoast Handbook/ Guidelines and Key Messages Angela Schultz-Zehden.

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Presentation on theme: "20th November 2007 / Berlin PlanCoast Handbook/ Guidelines and Key Messages Angela Schultz-Zehden."— Presentation transcript:

1 20th November 2007 / Berlin PlanCoast Handbook/ Guidelines and Key Messages Angela Schultz-Zehden

2 20th November 2007 / Berlin PlanCoast Guidelines Illustrates need for Integrated Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) Hands-on guidance facilitating its effective implementation Illustrated Handbook including –Recommendations on how to tackle existing problems –Tools and instruments pointing towards potential solutions –Concrete case study examples from PlanCoast Pilot Projects –Other background material on Marine Spatial Planning Publication: Spring 2008 Target Group: Stakeholders involved in MSP

3 20th November 2007 / Berlin Structure of Guidelines Why Integrated Marine Spatial Planning When to do Integrated Marine Spatial Planning Who should do Integrated Marine Spatial Planning Which data/info is necessary for Integrated Marine Spatial Planning How to prepare Integrated Marine Spatial Plans How to implement Integrated Marine Spatial Plans Supporting processes Annexes: case studies, national reports, etc.

4 20th November 2007 / Berlin Why Integrated MSP? Many users, growing pressures –Interconnections (land-sea, use-use, use-ecosystem) –Cumulative Impacts External drivers –Climate change –Changes in global and regional economies –Technological developments

5 20th November 2007 / Berlin Why Integrated MSP? Resulting trends –The sea: An economic powerhouse –New offshore technologies (renewable energy, blue biotechnology) –Clustering and co-use based on concept of synergies –Gobal trade, shipping, port infrastructure –Mariculture The changing nature of pressure –Fleeting to static –Small-scale to large-scale –Short-term to long-term Not all pressures can be influenced => but impacts demand a structured response

6 20th November 2007 / Berlin Expected benefits of MSP Different expectations depending on the starting point: Better visibility of uses Co-ordination, integrated plan for all relevant uses Ensuring best possible co-existence of use Secure open options for future developments Security for long-term investors Facilitating equitable access to marine resources Allocating space to new uses Conflict resolution Securing acceptance Implementing a systems approach

7 20th November 2007 / Berlin When to do MSP ? Spatial impacts –Uses always have impact, but not all impacts spatially relevant –Spatial impacts: any use that requires delineated area of sea Spatially relevant uses –Areas for extraction, military uses, nursery grounds, bird corridors, infrastructure, mariculture, shipping corridors, harbours Conflicts arise from incompatibilities

8 20th November 2007 / Berlin Different Seas - Different Pressures ItalySloveniaCroatiaMontenegroAlbania Nautical tourism Maritime Transport Fishery+++++ Aquaculture++ + Water quality Energy generation+++ Military uses+ Adriatic Sea uses: +++ biggest issue ++ big issue + issue

9 20th November 2007 / Berlin Different Seas - Different Pressures Baltic Sea uses: X – incompatible X - conditionaly incompatible

10 20th November 2007 / Berlin Message 1 Prepare integrated and constantly updated maps of Marine Spatial Uses - everywhere Prepare Marine Spatial Plans - only when and where needed (conflicts)

11 20th November 2007 / Berlin Who should do MSP? New institutions are not needed –But existing ones need to be improved –Clear responsibilities –One coordinating body Use different levels for different tasks –International: common principles –National: responsible for overall framework –Regional: cross-sectoral agencies to take the lead in implementation –Local: case specific solutions, controlling, acute conflict resolutions

12 20th November 2007 / Berlin Who should do MSP? International National Regional Local The Sea Coast 12smz EEZ beyond Responsibility

13 20th November 2007 / Berlin From Stocktaking to Assessment Stocktaking (Mapping) –What is stocktaking and why is it necessary? –What should a stocktake comprise off? –How can it be done? Assessment (Planning) –How can trends and impacts be rated? –Who should be involved in such rating and who chooses criteria? –How to assess future risks and how to deal with uncertainty?

14 20th November 2007 / Berlin Messages 2 Collect data according to needs –For case specific planning in limited sea areas, collect data according to most acute spatial problems Improve availability and accessibility to data and information –Access to raw data can be restricted by rights & fees –Processes data should be accessible to professional circles –Planning products should be accessible to everyone Agree on systematic information exchange –Link coastal and marine data collection –Create a regularly updated coastal and maritime cadastre

15 20th November 2007 / Berlin How to prepare MSPs ? Establishing the framework –From assessment -> to policy frameworks -> to plan -> to implementation -> to acceptance –Goal setting / visions –Find criteria for conflict resolution

16 20th November 2007 / Berlin Message 3 Define basic national strategy for offshore development which is developed cross-sectorally tied into international developments further defined in regional strategies

17 20th November 2007 / Berlin How to prepare MSPs ? The Planning Process –Appropriateness of scale and delineation of planning space –Who to involve how and when? –Public participation –Integration of land & sea

18 20th November 2007 / Berlin Message 4 Prepare guidelines for cross-sectoral content & procedure of MSP Establish transparent management procedures for public participation processes

19 20th November 2007 / Berlin TIA Territorial Impact Assessment SEA Strategic Environmental Assessment EIA Environmental Impact Assessment EnvironmentSpatial Development project level programme level Using Impact Assessments

20 20th November 2007 / Berlin Message 5 Use Territorial Impact Assessment including Environmental Impact Assessment for projects

21 20th November 2007 / Berlin Implementation of MSPs Formal Regulatory Context –General Information from PlanCoast Countries –Problems with implementation –Prerequisite for successful implementation –Importance of context: not one single solution Informal Instruments –Moderated Conflict Resolution –Creating acceptance through transparency and consultation –Voluntary Agreements

22 20th November 2007 / Berlin Messages 6 MSP is more than a technical exercise - it is a political responsibility Create the legal framework for MSP –Identify basic policies that rule coastal and offshore developments –Operationalise existing laws and strategies through directives –Concept and adopt specific maritime legislation for offshore areas Make full use of informal processes –Create working methods for informal processes –Meetings, newsletters, working groups –Awareness raising

23 20th November 2007 / Berlin Supporting Processes International Policy Processes –EU Blue Book –Transnational Organisations in Regional Seas (Helcom, Black Sea Commission, Adriatic Commission, etc.) Role of International Projects Financial Resources for MSP

24 20th November 2007 / Berlin Message 7 Improve effectiveness of cross-border consultations for offshore development plans and projects Use and strengthen transnational coordinating bodies Develop transnational concerted plans or offshore infrastructure corridors Integrate existing project results and recommendations into international policy


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