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PlanCoast Guidelines and Key Messages First Findings and Ideas Angela Schultz-Zehden PlanCoast Coordination Office 21 st November 2007 Berlin.

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Presentation on theme: "PlanCoast Guidelines and Key Messages First Findings and Ideas Angela Schultz-Zehden PlanCoast Coordination Office 21 st November 2007 Berlin."— Presentation transcript:

1 PlanCoast Guidelines and Key Messages First Findings and Ideas Angela Schultz-Zehden PlanCoast Coordination Office 21 st November 2007 Berlin

2 PlanCoast Guidelines Illustrate the need for Integrated Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) Hands-on guidance for its effective implementation Handbook will include: –Recommendations on how to tackle existing problems –Tools and instruments pointing towards potential solutions –Concrete case study examples from PlanCoast pilot projects –Other background material on Marine Spatial Planning Publication: spring 2008 Target Group: stakeholders involved in MSP Authors: all Project Partners together with s.Pro

3 Structure of Guidelines Why Integrated Maritime Spatial Planning When to do Integrated Maritime Spatial Planning Who should do Integrated Maritime Spatial Planning Which data/info is necessary for Integrated Maritime Spatial Planning How to prepare Integrated Maritime Spatial Plans How to implement Integrated Maritime Spatial Plans Supporting processes Annexes: Case Studies, National Reports, etc.

4 Why Integrated MSP? Many users growing pressures External drivers (climate change, globalisation, etc.) New trends Changing nature of pressures Not all pressures can be influenced but impacts demand a structured response MSP offers many benefits

5 When to do MSP ? Spatial Impacts –Uses always have impacts, but not all are impacts spatially relevant –Spatial impacts = those that require delineated area of sea Spatially relevant uses are e.g.: –areas for extraction, –military uses, –fish nursery grounds, –bird corridors, –wind parks, –mariculture, –shipping corridors, –harbours Conflicts arise from incompatibility of uses

6 Different seas - different pressures Sea Uses: X – incompatible X - conditionaly incompatible

7 Different seas - different pressures ItalySloveniaCroatiaMontenegroAlbania Nautical tourism Maritime Transport Fishery+++++ Aquaculture++ + Water quality Energy generation+++ Military uses+ Adriatic Sea uses: +++ biggest issue ++ big issue + issue

8 Stocktaking of coastal and marine uses Prepare integrated and constantly updated maps of marine spatial uses - everywhere Prepare Maritime Spatial Plans - when and where needed (conflicts) Message 1

9 International National Regional Local Coast 12smz EEZ Beyond Who should do MSP? Responsibility

10 Message 2 New institutions are not needed, but –Existing ones need to be improved –Clear responsibilities –One coordinating body –Land-Sea coordinating mechanism Use different levels for different tasks –International: common principles –National: responsible for overall framework –Regional: cross-sectoral agencies to take the lead in implementation –Local: case specific solutions, controlling, acute conflict resolutions

11 How to prepare MSPs ? Establishing the framework From assessment to -> policy framework -> drafting plan -> implementation -> acceptance Goal Setting / Visions Methods of conflict resolution

12 Define basic national strategy for offshore development land-sea and cross-sectoral tied into international developments further defined in regional strategies Message 3

13 From stocktaking to assessment Stocktaking –What is stocktaking and why is it necessary? –What should a stocktake comprise off? –How can it be done? Assessment –How can trends and impacts be rated? –Who should be involved in such rating and who chooses criteria? –How to assess future risks and how to deal with uncertainty? E.g. vulnerability assessment

14 Collect data according to needs –For case specific planning in limited sea areas, collect data according to most acute spatial problems Improve availability and accessibility to data and information –Access to raw data can be restricted by rights & fees –Processes data should be accessible to professional circles –Planning products should be freely accessible to everyone Agree on systematic information exchange –Link coastal and marine data collection –Create a regularly updated coastal and marine cadastre Message 4

15 How to prepare MSPs ? The planning process –Appropriateness of scale and delineation of planning space –Who to involve how and when? –Public participation –Integration of land & sea

16 Prepare guidelines for cross-sectoral content & procedure of MSP Establish transparent management procedures for public participation processes Message 5

17 TIA Territorial Impact Assessment SEA Strategic Environmental Assessment EIA Environmental Impact Assessment EnvironmentSpatial Development project level programme level Using Impact Assessments

18 Use Territorial Impact Assessment (TIA) including Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for projects Message 6

19 Implementation of MSPs Formal regulatory context –General information from PlanCoast countries –Problems with implementation –Conditions of successful implementation –Importance of context: not one single solution Informal instruments –Stakeholders consultation –Moderation of conflict resolution –Creating acceptance through transparency –Voluntary agreements

20 MSP is more than a technical exercise - it is a political responsibility Create the legal framework for MSP –Identify basic policies that rule coastal and offshore developments –Operationalise existing laws and strategies through directives –Concept and adopt specific maritime legislation for offshore areas Make full use of informal processes –Create working methods for informal processes –Meetings, newsletters, working groups –Awareness raising (especially also political level) Message 7

21 Supporting Processes International policy processes –EU Blue Book –Transnational organisations in regional seas (Helcom, Black Sea Commission, Adriatic Commission, etc.) Role of international projects Financial resources for MSP

22 Improve effectiveness of cross-border consultations for offshore development plans and projectsImprove effectiveness of cross-border consultations for offshore development plans and projects Use and strengthen transnational coordinating bodiesUse and strengthen transnational coordinating bodies Develop transnational concerted plans or offshore infrastructure corridorsDevelop transnational concerted plans or offshore infrastructure corridors Integrate existing project results and recommendations into international policyIntegrate existing project results and recommendations into international policy Message 8

23 Thank you for attention!


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