Contents 1. Introduction: Why Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning? 2. PlanCoast pilot projects 3. PlanCoast Handbook 4. Who should do Integrated Maritime Spatial Planning? 5. From stocktaking to assessment 6. Stakeholders and Public Involvement 7. Using Impact Assessments (EIA, SEA, TIA)
Why Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning? Many users, growing pressures.... on the coast and in coastal waters
Many users, growing pressure … in the EEZ and beyond
we dont know the future… … but more and more uses will have to get along within the same area.
Current problems: Uses represented by strong sectoral interests Permit-based system, sectoral Demands made by EU, for instance Habitats Directive Patchwork approach No overview of who does what So…. Sustainable development as an agreed goal Integrated management as an agreed principle Human uses of marine resources can be managed … But how do we get there?
Integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) Sea-Use-Planning Coastal and Marine Planning
´(...) Integrated maritime spatial planning across EU waters is a fundamental requirement for the continued sustainable development of maritime economic activities, because it provides a neutral tool to arbitrate between conflicting or competing activities or interests. However, it will yield its full benefits only if all coastal Member States introduce such systems, that they use compatible and comparable systems, and learn from each other's experiences. Action Plan of the Blue Book on Maritime Policy, EU, What is IMSP ?
PlanCoast project The PlanCoast (2006–2008) INTERREG IIIB CADSES Project Goal: best practice and tools for Integrated Maritime Spatial Planning Budget: 2 Mio EUR Partners: Spatial planning departments or responsible regional authorities from: Albania, Bosnia–Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Italy, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Slovenia and Ukraine (Lead Partner: Mecklenburg–Vorpommern Ministry of Transport, Building and Regional Development) Coordination: s.Pro
PlanCoast pilot projects The 18 PlanCoast pilot projects should illustrate how IMSP could/should be done in practice. Examples of pilot areas: Ferrara Coast (Italy) Gdansk Bay (Poland) Palombina beach (Italy) Boka Kotorska (Montenegro) South Romanian 12smz (Romania) Triest Bay (Slovenia) Vjose-Narta Lagoon (Albania) and many more...
PlanCoast Handbook Should illustrate the need for Integrated Marine Spatial Planning (IMSP) Provide hands-on guidance for its effective implementation Handbook will include: Recommendations for the policy makers Tools and instruments for the spatial planers Concrete case study examples from PlanCoast pilot projects Other background material on Marine Spatial Planning Publication: 15th April 2008 Target Group: maritime authorities, spatial planers and all stakeholders Authors: s.Pro with support of PlanCoast partners
Structure of the Handbook: Why Integrated Marine Spatial Planning When to do Integrated Marine Spatial Planning Who should do Integrated Marine Spatial Planning Which data/info is necessary for Integrated Marine Spatial Planning How to prepare Integrated Marine Spatial Plans How to implement Integrated Marine Spatial Plans Supporting processes Each chapter will end with messages. There are 11 PlanCoast messages so far
IMSP - a cyclical process Guiding visionAnalysis Guiding vision Analysis Developing solutions Assessing the context Drafting a plan Evaluation EvaluationImplementation Legal and administrative framework Availability and quality of data Natural and socio-economic environment Public acceptance Participative Approach
Participative planning Goal is an early, frequent and regular stakeholder involvement at all stages of the planning process. Possible tools: Making information accessible to everyone transparency Establishing good contacts among the stakeholders Moderated meetings and working groups Planning conferences Voluntary agreements Awareness-raising at different levels Education Websites and other media Interested Public Authorities Message 4: Make full use of participative process by applying informal tools such as e.g. moderated meetings,working groups and media Business sector NGOs
Matrix of Spatial Conflicts
From mapping to planning Map of uses Spatial plan Everywhere Only when needed Shows status quo (how IS the space at the moment?) Shows the desired direction and idea of how coastal and marine space SHOULD be used Can visualise changes and developments in space and time Analyses the maps and scenarios according to set criteria Is a necessary first step to a Spatial Plan Shows measures how the vision will be achieved Message 3: Prepare integrated and constantly updated maps of marine spatial useseverywhere Message 4: Prepare integrated maritime spatial plans where and when needed (on sea)
Planning can only be as good as the information basis available Message 7: Improve quality and comparability of data (GIS) by implementing the INSPIRE directive Link coastal and marine data collection Create a regularly updated coastal and marine cadastre Agree on systematic data exchange mechanisms Data needs
International National Regional Local Coast 12smz EEZ Beyond Who should do MSP? Message 10: New institutions are not needed, but: Existing ones need to be improved Clear responsibilities One coordinating body
TIA Territorial Impact Assessment SEA Strategic Environmental Assessment EIA Environmental Impact Assessment EnvironmentSpatial Development project level programme level Using Impact Assessments
IMSP is more than a technical exercise - it s a political responsibility Create the legal framework for IMSP by operationalising the existing laws and strategies through directives operationalising the existing laws and strategies through directives Concept and adopt specific maritime legislation for offshore areas Concept and adopt specific maritime legislation for offshore areas However, absence of a legal framework is not an excuse for not doing IMSP! Make full use of informal processes Create working methods for informal processes Create working methods for informal processes Meetings, newsletters, working groups Meetings, newsletters, working groups Awareness raising Awareness raising Improve data exchange Use and strengthen transnational coordinating bodies i.e. the EU, UNEP-Map, Trilateral Comission (IT/SI/HR) Conclusions