2Modern pedagogy seeks ways to help learners become more independent in the learning process and keen to become lifelong learners.In order to gain this kind of learners’ autonomy, cooperative learning can be used in the classroom.
3DEFINITIONsmall teams of studentsdifferent levels of abilitywork together – various learning activitiesGroup work – not individualSs explain, discuss, teach what they know and help classmates learn.Learning community - atmosphere of achievement
4Achievement of many social and academic benefits. build cross-ethnic friendshipsexperience enhanced self-esteembuild life-long communication skillscreate critical and creative habits of mind, which they will need in order to function as productive members of society later on in their lives..
5What is the teacher's role? Cooperative Learning - a must for teachers -communication and social relations developed with students.represents a major change from teacher-fronted instruction.using CL does not mean abandoning teacher-fronted mode; it means combining various modes of learning.
6the teacher's role is that of "task setter." As groups work on tasks, teacher - facilitator moving from group to group to monitor the learning process.Teachers teach ss social skillsCollaborative skills include leadership, decision-making, trust-building, communication, and conflict-management skills
7Principles of CL Heterogeneous Grouping Students involved in CL tasks : mixed in terms of ethnicity, social class, religion, personality, sex, age, language proficiency, and diligence.Collaborative SkillsCollaborative skills are those needed to work with others. (leadership, decision-making, trust-building, communication, and conflict-management skills)
8Group AutonomyThis principle encourages students to look to themselves for resources rather than relying solely on the teacher.Equal ParticipationTraditional classroom: only one student participating at any time. By working in teams, ALL students are encouraged to contribute.
9“All for one, one for all” feeling. Individual AccountabilityIndividual Accountability: all students involved and responsible for their own learning.Positive InterdependenceLies at the heart of CL : what helps one member of the group helps the others and what hurts one hurts the others too.“All for one, one for all” feeling.
10ConclusionCooperative learning offers many potential benefits. These benefits include increased self-esteem, greater liking for school, enhanced inter-ethnic ties, and improved complex thinking.Because CL may be difficult at first, it requires serious initial thought, long-term vision, and persistence to succeed.
11“Society cannot survive without the cooperation of its members. The society of man has survived because the cooperativeness of its members made survival possible....It was not an advantageous individual here and there who did so, but the group.In human societies,the individuals who are most likely to survive are those who are best enabled to do so by their group”. (Ashley Montagu)
12Reference: Courtney K. Miller & Reece L. Peterson Johnson, Johnson, and HolubecDr. Robert SlavinDr. Spencer KaganCohenStanneKohnSapon-Shevin