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Robert J. Marzano. Research & Theory on Cooperative Learning One of the most popular instructional strategies in education 1867 W.T. Harris St. Louis,

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Presentation on theme: "Robert J. Marzano. Research & Theory on Cooperative Learning One of the most popular instructional strategies in education 1867 W.T. Harris St. Louis,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Robert J. Marzano

2 Research & Theory on Cooperative Learning One of the most popular instructional strategies in education 1867 W.T. Harris St. Louis, MO Allow for rapid student promotion in elementary grades

3 Research shows that organizing students into cooperative groups yields a positive effect on overall learning. When applying cooperative learning strategies: * keep groups small *don’t overuse this strategy *be systematic and consistent in your approach

4 Five Defining Elements Group processing Interpersonal and small group skills Individual and group accountability Face-to-face interaction Positive interdependence

5 Defining Elements Positive Interdependence A sense of sink or swim together Face-to-face interaction = Helping each other learn, applauding success and efforts). Individual and Group Accountability = Each of us has to contribute to the group achieving its goals. Interpersonal & Small Group Skills = Communication, trust, leadership, decision making, and conflict resolution. Group Processing = Reflecting on how well the team is functioning and how to function even better.

6 Organizing students in cooperative learning groups has a powerful effect on learning, regardless of whether groups compete with one another. Textbox

7 3 Guidelines for Cooperative Learning 1. Organizing groups based on ability levels should be done sparingly. Homogenous Grouping Vs. Heterogeneous

8 2. Cooperative groups should be kept rather small in size.

9 3. Cooperative learning should be applied consistently and systematically, but not overused. Misused: tasks given to group are not well structured Overused: students not given enough time for independent practice

10 Using a Variety of Criteria for Grouping Student Ideas for grouping: Alpha Computer numbers Colors Deck of cards

11 … in conclusion Of all classroom grouping strategies, cooperative learning may be the most flexible and powerful. As the examples in this chapter illustrate, teachers can use cooperative learning in a variety of ways in many different situations.


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