Presentation on theme: "Cooperative Learning Classroom Instruction that Works Chapter 7: Cooperative Learning Robert J. Marzano."— Presentation transcript:
1 Cooperative Learning Classroom Instruction that Works Chapter 7: Cooperative Learning Robert J. Marzano
2 Research & Theory on Cooperative Learning One of the most popular instructional strategies in education1867 W.T. HarrisSt. Louis, MOAllow for rapid student promotion in elementary grades
3 Research shows that organizing students into cooperative groups yields a positive effect on overall learning. When applying cooperative learning strategies:* keep groups small *don’t overuse this strategy *be systematic and consistent in your approach
4 Five Defining Elements Group processingInterpersonal and small group skillsIndividual and group accountabilityFace-to-face interactionPositive interdependence
5 Defining ElementsPositive Interdependence A sense of sink or swim togetherFace-to-face interaction = Helping each other learn, applauding success and efforts).Individual and Group Accountability = Each of us has to contribute to the group achieving its goals.Interpersonal & Small Group Skills = Communication, trust, leadership, decision making, and conflict resolution.Group Processing = Reflecting on how well the team is functioning and how to function even better.
6 Organizing students in cooperative learning groups has a powerful effect on learning, regardless of whether groups compete with one another.Textbox
7 3 Guidelines for Cooperative Learning Organizing groups based on ability levels should be done sparingly.Homogenous GroupingVs.Heterogeneous
8 2. Cooperative groups should be kept rather small in size.
9 3. Cooperative learning should be applied consistently and systematically, but not overused. Misused: tasks given to group are not well structuredOverused: students not given enough time for independent practice
10 Using a Variety of Criteria for Grouping Student Ideas for grouping:AlphaComputer numbersColorsDeck of cards
11 … in conclusionOf all classroom grouping strategies, cooperative learning may be the most flexible and powerful. As the examples in this chapter illustrate, teachers can use cooperative learning in a variety of ways in many different situations.