Presentation on theme: "Cooperative Learning The art of teaching is the art of assisting discovery. -Mark Van Doren."— Presentation transcript:
Cooperative Learning The art of teaching is the art of assisting discovery. -Mark Van Doren
What is Cooperative Learning?
Cooperative Learning is… a well-researched instructional strategy which simultaneously addresses academic and social skills. a strategy that has been reported to be highly successful in the classroom.
According to Roger and David Johnson, University of Minnesota: Students who work cooperatively on learning tasks tend to relate more positively to their peers, to view learning as more positive and to learn more information. Source: Roger and David Johnson, University of Minnesota, pg 21
Cooperative Learning and its process Positive Interdependence: Structuring goals and activities so that students must be concerned about the performance of all members of a group. Individual Accountability: Every student is accountable for mastering the material. Face-to-Face Interaction: Students arranged in a way that facilitates actively sharing and discussing the content. Teaching Collaborative Skills: Important group skills to teach students Processing Group Skills: Monitor and reinforce skills learned in cooperative learning.
To ensure that students understand the learning goals and assessment associated with the activity. To take time to help students understand the reasons behind their decision to implement this method. To help students become better acquainted. To assist students in developing skills for working in groups. To ensure that assessment methods help hold the group and individuals accountable for the goals of the group work. Teachers utilizing cooperative learning have five responsibilities:
What are the key elements of Cooperative Learning?
Positive Interdependence We can do it together! Each group members input is… necessary for the groups success unique compared to that of other members required by teacher-created evaluation guidelines used to share materials, roles, goals, rewards or resources Source:
Face-to-Face Interaction Ill help you, and well finish together! Students… Help explain the assignment to others Share their own knowledge to increase the groups understanding Discuss the topic while learning Connect personal experiences and prior learning with task at hand Source:
Individual/Group Accountability We all have to do our part! For successful cooperative learning… Small group size ensures all members participation Include solo and group assessments Randomly-selected members share group findings Quality control officers keep groups on task Students teach others what they have learned Source:
Interpersonal Skills How can we work together to accomplish this? Cooperative learning reinforces… Leadership Decision-making Trust-building Communication Conflict Management Source:
Group Processing What did we learn here? To ensure that the assignment succeeded… Group members should continually assess their learning and assignment progress Students should provide feedback about how helpful the tasks were The class as a whole should determine which activities should be continued Source:
Why use Cooperative Learning?
Cooperative Learning enhances student learning by: Improving students academic achievement Increasing students self-confidence and motivation Increasing students liking of school and fellow classmates Preparing students for success outside of the classroom
Cooperative Learning improves students academic achievement. promotes student learning through more active participation motivates students to learn the material increases student retention of material results in greater student productivity
Cooperative Learning increases students self-confidence & motivation. provides students with an opportunity to construct their own knowledge helps students to further develop their oral communication skills promotes students self-esteem, social competence, and psychological health enhances students satisfaction with their learning experience
Cooperative Learning increases students liking of school & classmates. promotes positive interaction between members of different cultural and socio- economic groups creates more caring, supportive and committed student relationships provides a shared cognitive set of information between students improves student attendance
Cooperative Learning prepares students for success outside of the classroom promotes the importance of working together to reach goals provides students with the ability to communicate, cooperate, assess, and delegate stresses the significance of students getting along with and communicating with others
Activity II: Mac or PC? Group One will research the advantages and disadvantages of using a PC. Group Two will research the advantages and disadvantages of using a Mac. The recorder will record on a T-chart, and the presenter will present the research to the class. Materials: Internet, art materials
Cooperative Learning in Action A 1998 survey revealed that 93% of elementary teachers use cooperative learning in the classroom. This survey also indicated that cooperative learning enhanced students progress socially & academically.
In closing… Cooperative Learning is relatively easy to implement and is inexpensive. The positive effects that cooperation has on so many important outcomes makes cooperative learning one of the most valuable tools educators have.