Presentation on theme: "Characterization. Characterization Method used by the writer to develop character."— Presentation transcript:
Characterization Method used by the writer to develop character.
Characterization Characters are revealed in several ways: 1) Showing the characters ____________________ 2) Displaying the characters ____________________
Characterization (cont.) 3) Revealing the characters __________________ 4) Letting the character ________ 5) Getting the __________________
Protagonist One character that is clearly _____________ to the story with all major events having some importance to the character.
Antagonist The __________ of the main character
Characters Characters are convincing if they are: ______________ (resemble real people)
Dynamic Character Many sided personalities that ____________, for better or worse, by the end of the story
Static Character A character who ______________ develop or change throughout the story Have one or two characteristics that do not change stereotype (ex:cruel stepmother)
Major Characters _______________ and ____________ (dynamic) Display ____________character traits ____________ throughout the plot Protagonist
Minor Characters __________-dimensional characters Can be summarized by a single statement or phrase ___________character traits (static)
Plot Chain of _________ events that take place in a story Writers __________ for what happens, when it happens, and to whom it happens
Plot The events of a plot progress because of a __________, or struggle between opposing forces.
Elements of Plot Exposition Rising Action Climax Falling Action Resolution
Exposition Lays the groundwork for the plot and provides essential _______________ information _______________ are introduced, setting is described, and plot begins to unfold
Rising Action As story progresses, _______________ usually arise Causes difficulties for main characters and making conflict more difficult to resolve ______________ builds
Climax ________________ of the action Moment when interest and intensity reach their peak
Climax Involves an important event, decision, or discovery that affects the _________________.
Falling Action Consists of the events that occur ____________ the climax Usually the conflict is resolved and the intensity of the action ___________.
Falling Action Denouement (French word) that means untying Tangles of the plot are untied and mysteries are ___________.
Resolution Conclusion, tying all the __________________.
Two Meanings To make up or invent To make by shaping
Fiction A narrative that springs from the ________________________, though it may be based on _______________ and __________________.
Purpose The writer shapes his or her narrative to capture the readers interest and to achieve desired effects.
Types of Fiction _____________
Novels _________________ length (usually takes several days or even weeks to read _______________ plot that unfolds through the actions, speech, and thoughts of characters
Short Stories ____________ work of fiction that can be read at one sitting Generally, it develops ______ primary conflict and produces a __________ effect
Novels and Short Stories ____________ ___________
Writing about _________ people, places, and events. Largely concerned with ________ information Writer shapes the information according to his or her ____________ and ______________.
Examples of Nonfiction Newspaper articles Cookbooks Letters Movie Reviews Editorials Speeches True-life adventure stories
Autobiography Written by subject (author) ______________ ______________ point of view Covers lengthy period of subjects life
Autobiography Focuses on the most ____________ events and people in his or her life Usually book length because it covers a long span of years
Autobiography Shorter types of autobiographical narratives include: Journals Diaries Letters (Originate as private writing)
Autobiographical Essay Focus on single persons or events in the authors lives Nicholas Gages The Teacher Who Changed My Life
Biography An account of a persons life, written by _________ person.
Biography Writer of a biography often ________________ his or her subjects in order to present accurate information. Draw upon ___________ ______________ of his or her subject
Biography Usually book length but there are also shorter forms of biographical writing.
Point of View
The _____________ point from which a story is told.
First Person Narrator is a character in the work who tells the story in his or her _______ words as he or she ___________ it.
First Person The reader sees only into the _____________ mind Uses first-person pronouns: ____, ____, and _____
Second Person Often used to give _____ or ____________ Uses the pronoun ______ to address the reader
Third Person Creates sense of ____________ and _______________ Narrator has access to ______ the characters thoughts and actions Uses pronouns: _____, _____, _____, _______
3rd Limited POV Narrator stands _________ the action and focuses on ________ characters actions, thoughts, observations, and feelings.
3rd Limited POV The reader sees only into that characters mind Uses pronouns:he, she, they
3rd Omniscient The narrator is an ________________, ____________observer who stands outside the action and reports what ___________ characters are doing, thinking, and feeling.
3rd Omniscient The reader sees into _____________ characters minds Uses pronouns: he, she, they
Mood and Tone
Mood The _________, or ____________, that a writer creates for the reader. The _________, or ____________, that a writer creates for the reader. The feeling you get when you read the book. The feeling you get when you read the book.
Mood It can create a feeling of happiness, or it can make you feel sad or worried. It can create a feeling of happiness, or it can make you feel sad or worried. ___________, ___________, ________________, _______, and __________ all contribute to the mood of a work of literature. ___________, ___________, ________________, _______, and __________ all contribute to the mood of a work of literature.
Tone The ____________ a writer takes toward his or her subject.
Tone A writers word choice, choice of details, and direct statements of his or her position about a subject help to create the tone. A writers word choice, choice of details, and direct statements of his or her position about a subject help to create the tone. Serious, ironic, humorous, bitter
Differences ___________: intended to shape the readers emotional response to a work ___________: reflects the feelings of the writer
Mood or Tone? Jane opened the door. As she walked downstairs, she noticed that a few things were missing. As she continued downstairs, she heard noises coming from around the corner. She felt her spine tingle.
Mood or Tone? Cheating is unacceptable. If a student is caught cheating, then the student will receive a zero on the assignment or quiz. Students should rely on their own minds rather than those around them.