Presentation on theme: "Plot, Character, Setting, Point of View& Theme"— Presentation transcript:
1 Plot, Character, Setting, Point of View& Theme Elements of FictionPlot, Character, Setting,Point of View& Theme
2 Fiction: A Genre of Literature Works of prose that have imaginary elementsCan be inspired by actual events and real people, but springs from writers’ imaginations2 major types: Novels and Short Stories4 Basic Elements:Plot, Character, Setting, & Theme
3 #1 Plot Sequence of events that make up a story Almost always built around CONFLICTS(problems or struggles)5 main stages1. Exposition2. Rising Actions3. Climax4. Falling Actions5. Resolution
4 Plot Diagram Turning point in the story; Most tension or suspense; Can be anywhere in the novelClimaxDevelopment of complications& problems leading to the climax;Suspense builds & plot “thickens”Actions following climax;Conflict starts to resolveFalling ActionsRising ActionsResolution(Denouement)French: “untying of knots”ConclusionFinal outcome of the storyConflict ↑ & Tension ↑Complications GrowExpositionIntroduction – background info;Sets the stage for the story;Introduces characters, setting, & conflict
5 Conflicts in a Plot Conflict – struggle or problem 2 main kinds: External vs. Internal1) External – a struggle outside of the character; against someone or something else2) Internal – a struggle within a character’s mind or heart
6 Types of Conflict4 typesSelfPersonSocietyPersonvs.Nature
7 Sequence & Development of Plot Author’s carefully choose the sequence of events and the timeline in which the plot is developed (the order the events are presented)Chronological Order, Reverse OrderFlashbackForeshadowFlash-ForwardENDSTARTTIME LINEHints or clues of whatIs to happen later onPresents episodes/eventsFrom the pastJumps ahead toFuture events
8 #2 Character Main Characters Subordinate Characters Protagonist: the main character; often the narratorAntagonist: character that the protagonist struggles against and must overcomeSubordinate CharactersMinor characters who add depth and complication
9 Describing a Character Round vs. Flat CharactersRound: have several sides to their personality;complex, fully developedFlat: have few traits; UndevelopedDynamic vs. Static CharactersDynamic: grow or change by the end of the story;take action, change behavior or attitudesStatic: don’t grow or change; stay the same
10 What is Characterization? The way writers create characters in a story2 ways:Direct Characterization –tells us directly what a character is like or what a person’s motives areIndirect Characterization –shows us a character but we have to interpret the character ourselves
11 What are the methods of INDIRECT Characterization? Character’s SPEECH1st person narration – character speaks directly to the readerDialogue – what they have to say to themselves and to othersCharacter’s APPEARANCE – look & dressCharacter’s PRIVATE THOUGHTSCharacter’s INTERACTIONS – how other characters in the story feel about them or interact with themCharacter ACTIONS – what they do & how they act
12 #3 SETTING Tells us WHERE and WHEN a story takes place Can reveal about the charactersCan provide MOOD or ATMOSPHEREExpresses a TONE(attitude toward a subject or character)
13 #4 Point of View Each story has a NARRATOR (storyteller). The narrator can tell the story as one of the characters or can be a storyteller outside of it.The narrator can take on one of three POINTS OF VIEW (the perspective in which the story is told)
14 First Person A character in the story (often the main character) Tells us the story directly to the reader from his/her own perspectiveReveals personal thoughts and opinionsUses words like “I/we/my” in NARRATIONNot always reliable or credible
15 Third Person LimitedNarrator is not in the story; instead is on the outside looking inZooms in on one specific character and that character’s perspective (thoughts/feelings)Uses words like “he/she” in NARRATION
16 Third Person OMNISCIENT Narrator is not in the story; is on the outside looking inDoesn’t focus on just one characterOmniscient = “all knowing” narratorTells us what EVERY character thinks and feelsUses words like “he/she’ in NARRATION
17 Points of View First Person Third Person Limited Omniscient IN the storyONE character“I/we/my”OUTSIDE of the story“He/She”MANY characters
18 Identify the POV “Love in L.A.” “Initiation” “Hills Like White Elephants”
19 #5 THEME Central idea or message Insight or perception about life or human nature that the writer wants to communicateSeldom stated DIRECTLY must be INFERRED (the reader must find meaning)It is NOT a subject. It is a STATEMENT.Friendship True friendship can outlast any conflict.There can be more than one theme in a story.
20 Finding Themes Themes can be revealed by The conflicts of the story The ways characters changeThe statements made in dialogue or narrationSymbols within the storyThe work’s title
21 Examples of Themes The conflicts of the story “Love in L.A” reveals how superficial people can be in the conquest of love.The ways characters change/symbols in the storyIn “Initiation”, the freedom and uniqueness of one’s individuality is more important than the pressures of conformity.Symbols within the storyThe hills of the story, “Hills Like White Elephants” represent the difficult decisions and contrasting viewpoints that the idea of abortion creates.
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.