Presentation on theme: "EUROPEAN UNION Regional Responses to Disaster Relief:"— Presentation transcript:
1EUROPEAN UNION Regional Responses to Disaster Relief: Civil Military Cooperation and CoordinationARF DoD, Vietnam, 18/03/2010Helena Boguslawska, Crisis Management and Planning Directorate, EU Council Secretariat
2Civ-mil cooperation & coordination in the EU What it is? Lisbon Treaty Regional Responses to Disaster Relief: Civil Military Cooperation and CoordinationCiv-mil cooperation & coordination in the EUWhat it is?Lisbon TreatyExamples(Chad, anti-piracy)Civ-mil cooperation & coordination in disaster reliefOriginsOngoing work and prospects
3Civ-mil cooperation & coordination in the EU What it is?Crisis management under Common Securityand Defence Policy (as part of Foreign andSecurity Policy)MilitaryCivilian (police, rule of law, civ. administration)Integrated (civ-mil) strategic planningDeveloping rapidly: 23 operations since 2003and growing demand for further missionsEU trademark: comprehensive approach (incl. all external assistance instruments: humanitarian, development aid, …)Working in partnerships in the crisis management field (with the UN, NATO, AU, OSCE, ASEAN, Third States …)
4Areas Covered by EU Crisis Management Peace-keeping/-makingPoliceSecurity Sector ReformCivilian/Military Mentoring,Monitoring and AdvisingRule of LawHumanitarian/Rescue TasksCivilian administrationCivil protectionMonitoring
5EU Crisis Management – Rapid Response resources MILITARY2 battlegroups on stand-by1500 troops each + air & naval componentsDeployable in 5-10 daysCIVILIANCrisis Response Teams - pool of 200 civilian experts deployable in 5 daysIntegrated Police Units – ready to serve under military or civilian commandRapid Response Ressources
6Civ-mil cooperation & coordination in the EU Lisbon Treaty – sign of further coherence:hollistic approach in external action : widened objectives (incl. democracy, peace, environment, multilateralism, … and assist populations, countries and regions confronting natural and man-made disasters)clauses on solidarity as well as mutual aid and assistancedecision-making in external action:European Council : sets objectivesEU Council (MFA+MoD): decisions/ coherenceHigh Representative for Foreign and Security Policy and Vice-President of the Commission: conductestablishment of a European External Action Service under the High Representative (civ and mil structures)
7Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) 23 Civilian and Military Operations,EULEXKOSOVOEUPM(Bosnia and Herzegovina)EUPOL PROXIMA(fYROM)EUPAT(fYROM) 2006EUROPECONCORDIA(fYROM) 2003EUJUST THEMIS(Georgia)EUFOR ALTHEA(Bosnia and Herzegovina)EUMMGEORGIAEUFOR TCHAD/RCA(Chad and CAR)EUPOL AFGHANISTANAFRICAEUJUST LEX(Iraq/Brussels)AMIS II Assistance (Sudan/Darfur)MIDDLE EASTEU SSRGuinea BissauEUBAM Rafah(Palestinian Territories)EUSEC DRC(DR Congo)ASIAEUPOL COPPS(Palestinian Territories)EUPOL DRC(DR Congo)EUFOR DRC(DR Congo) 2006EUPOL Kinshasa(DR Congo)ATALANTA(HoA Maritime Security)AMM Monitoring Mission,(Aceh/Indonesia)ARTEMIS(DR Congo) 2003EUTMSomalia(in preparationcivilianmilitarycompleted
8Civ-mil cooperation & coordination in the making Complementary mil. and civ. operationsin the same theatreIntegrated missions (ex. mil. expertsin civilian capacity; integrated police unitsunder mil. command; different civilian activities in one mission )Integrated strategic planning (civ-mil) – ex. EUMM Georgia 2008Horizontal civil-military domains: training, intelligence, satellite imagery...Coordination in capability developmentAnd on the top of all this: crisis management, humanitarian aid, development efforts brought together…
9Civ-mil cooperation & coordination in the making Chad / Central African RepublicEUFOR Tchad/RCA – bridging mil operationat UN request, ca 3700 troops(EU+ Russia, Albania, Croatia)EUR 15m in support ofMINURCAT police programme protecting refugee campsElection census in ChadEUR 6,5m for security system reform in the Central African RepublicDevelopment aid in support ofReinforcement of administration in Chad and CAROverall economic development + EUR 10m programme in the area of EUFOR deployement.
10Civ-mil cooperation & coordination in the making Fighting piracy and its root causesNaval operation EU NAVFOR Atalanta(with NO and CR) and in coord. withpartners (i.a. China, India, Japan,Malaysia, NATO, Russia, US,…)Support to Somali government (political, financial)Training of Somali Security Forces in Uganda (to start in May, EU support coordinated in a unique way with US and AU)Financial support to Kenyan judicial system in treating cases of pircacy suspects detained i.a. by EUNAVFOR Atalanta
11Civ-mil cooperation & coordination in disaster relief Has been triggered by lessons learned from:Indian Ocean Tsunami, 2004/2005 (clearing house)Flooding in Algeria, 2006 (mil. transport)Haiti earthquake 2009immediately EUR 400 earmarked for humanitarian assistance, reconstruction and longer-term development;info sharing/coordination cell at EU level on some 1600 troops deployed by EU Member States;European Gendarmerie Force of 300 personnel carrying EU insignia, placed under UN command within MINUSTAH
12Civ-mil cooperation & coordination in disaster relief Ongoing work and prospects:Improving info flow and coordinationBasket of rapid response civ. and mil. capabilitiesGraduated optionsMilitary means in support of civilian activitiesadvance planning,coordination cell,team of civ/mil experts – rapidly deployable, self sustainableclearing house,support in planning,coord. of transportation or other key assets,poss. use of elements of battlegroups or multinational forces.
13Civ-mil cooperation & coordination in disaster relief EU principles in use of military means for disaster relief:In support to civilian/humanitarian meansRespecting responsibilities of national / local authoritiesRespecting key role of the UNIn support of / complementing other EU instrumentsWorking with partners
14Working with Partners on EU Common Security and Defence Policy Contributions to CSDP Missions / OperationsOverall, 24 Third States from all 5 continents have participated in 16 missions and operationsCurrently, 12 Third States are contributing to 7 missionsDialogue / ActivitiesFormal and informal dialogue on crisis management in various foraCommittee of Contributors: knowledge-sharing forum bringing together EU Member States and Third States participating in a given mission or operationExercises, training, seminarsFramework Participation Agreementsfor Third State contributions to CSDPmissions and operations (in place withCanada, Iceland, Norway, Turkey, Ukraine)and Security Agreements