Presentation on theme: "Lisbon Treaty EUROPEAN UNION External Action Eva Horelová European Commission, External Relations DG Brussels, 29 April 2010."— Presentation transcript:
Lisbon Treaty EUROPEAN UNION External Action Eva Horelová European Commission, External Relations DG Brussels, 29 April 2010
internal policies - external effects development assistance Economic… … political Union Lisbon Watch – 50 years of EU in the World
RISING STAR… Enlargement Neighbourhood Policy Development Crisis management Single Market Food Safety Middle East Strategic Partnerships Human Rights Climate Change + Energy Security
The Two Treaties The TEU sets out what the Union is. It says why the EU exists and what it stands for It says how the EU is set up, and the relations between its constituent parts and institutions It lays out how you can join and how you can leave. The TFU will set out what the Union does. It explains the policies It explains how these policies are carried out TEU Treaty on the European Union TFU Treaty on the Functioning of the Union
The TEU III - Provisions on institutions The European Council becomes an official EU institution and gets a full-time President Creation of a High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy / Vice- President of the Commission
The TEU IV - Provisions on enhanced cooperation A group of 9 Member States (one third) can decide to go ahead in an area where others are unwilling. Now for defence & security field as well.
The TEU V - General provisions on the Union's external action and specific provisions on the common foreign & security policy NEW : The principles and objectives of the Union's external action and the role of the European Council in setting them The European External Action Service Permanent structured cooperation in defence
Changes to the TFU Major innovations Innovations on foreign affairs issues constitute, form a practical point of view, without doubt the most important innovations These should also help bring closer the national and European levels in foreign affairs Solidarity clause, in particular in case of terrorist attack or natural disaster
Changes in Foreign Affairs High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy is new She is Vice-President of the European Commission and President of the Council on Foreign Affairs High Representative to be assisted by an external action service (scope to be decided) The EUs Delegations are formed on the basis of the +/- 135 former Commission Delegations and 2 Council Offices.
WHO IS THE EU? MS Embassies EU Delegation Special Representative MEP EBRD EIB Mission rule of law border management election observation
PLAY WITH ME ! COMMON POLICIES Community method – majority vote Exclusive competences e.g. commercial policy Shared competences e.g. development, humanitarian aid, freedom-security-justice Support actions e.g. culture EU added value in crisis management and conflict prevention a wide range of instruments – comprehensive approach COMMON FOREIGN and SECURITY POLICY CSDP Special procedure Unanimity
Foreign policy made by the EU HUMANITARIAN AID: impartial, neutral CRISIS: STABILITY INSTRUMENT DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS ELECTIONS: OBSERVATION – EU EOM ORGANISATION REHABILITATION: FOOD AID, REFUGEES DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: poverty reduction … but not blind to conflict
Foreign policy made by the EU Declarations Demarches Decisions Joint Actions 23 CFSP-ESDP missions Congo Aceh Rafah BiH Moldova Georgia Iraq Afghanistan Macedonia Kosovo Chad Atalanta EU Special Representatives Great Lakes MEPP BiH Sudan Afghanistan Macedonia African Union
Presidency EP President COM President Council President 27 Member States Lisbon Architecture European Council COREPER EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT COMMISSION 27 Commissioners External Service Foreign Minister Com VPres High Rep PSC Trade Policy Committee WORKING GROUPS COASI, COHOM, CIVCOM, RelexCouns … Council
EEAS website eeas.europa.eu eeas.europa.eu
Way forward HR/VP Ashton on the EEAS: This is a once-in-a-generation opportunity to build something that finally brings together all the instruments of our engagement in support of a single political strategy."