Presentation on theme: "Disaster Management Civil-Military Coordination"— Presentation transcript:
1Disaster Management Civil-Military Coordination ARF Meeting on Development of TTEx for ARF DiREx 2011Bandung, 5-7 August 2010
2What is Disaster Management? DM is the discipline of dealing with and avoiding risks. It is a continuous process by which societies manage hazards in an effort to avoid or reduce the impact of disasters.DM involves preparing for disaster before it occurs, disaster response, and supporting and rebuilding society after natural or man-made disasters.
3DM – A Four-Phase Approach Mitigation – involves reducing or eliminating the likelihood or the consequences of a hazard.Preparedness – involves planning, organising, training, exercising, evaluation activities to ensure effective coordination and enhancement of capacities to respond to disasters.Response – involves taking actions to reduce or eliminate the impact of disasters that have occurred or currently occurring.Recovery – involves restoring the affected area and populations to a normal state.
5Why partnerships?Partnerships are at the centre of effective humanitarian response, and form the basis for humanitarian actionNo single humanitarian agency can cover all humanitarian needsCollaboration is not an option, it is a necessityLimited resources – need more efficiency in responseCommon interest and objectives
6Why do we need Coordination? We need to deal with a multiplicity of actorsWe need to work with limited resources.We need to avoid the politicization of aidWe need to avoid gaps, duplications, and assure the responsibility of each humanitarian partner.
7What is Civil-Military Coordination The essential dialogue and interaction between civilian and military actors in humanitarian emergencies that is necessary to protect and promote humanitarian principles, avoid competition, minimize inconsistency, and when appropriate pursue common goals.
8What is CMCoord?Basic coordination strategies range from coexistence to cooperation.Coordination is a shared responsibility facilitated by liaison and common training.Key elements include:PlanningInformation SharingTask Division
9Why Have it?In the areas of security, medical evacuation, logistics, transport, communications, information management, and others.Ensure that humanitarians have the access they require, but at the same time do not become targets.Minimize the competition for scarce resources such as ports, supply routes, airfields and other logistics infrastructure.
10Why Have it?Armed actors are likely to seek to establish relationships with the civilian population and in many cases attempt to provide them assistance .Though military forces can provide useful resources and support to the affected country, population or humanitarian actors, the percieved association with the armed actors can compromise the humanitarian efforts and may pose an additional security threat.
11CMCoord and Humanitarian Assistance Operations Military forces are active players in international crisis responseMany nations use their militaries as first responders to natural disastersUnique capabilities not available from civilian assets
12Potential Benefits for Humanitarian Community Access to extensive logistics capabilityAirlift, sealift, overland transportationMedical assistance, supplies and technical capabilitiesCommunications assestsManpowerProtection
13CMCoord and Humanitarian Concepts and Principles Humanity, Neutrality, ImpartialityNeeds-Based AssistanceHumanitarian Access to Vulnerable PopulationsPerception of impartiality/NeutralityOperational IndependenceSecurity of Humanitarian Personnel
14Military & Civil Defense Assets MCDA comprises relief personnel, equipment, supplies and services provided by foreign military and civil defence organisations for International Disaster Relief Assistance (IDRA, enumerated in paragraph 61 of Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions of 1949)
15International Military and Civil Defence Assets MCDA is a “Last Resort”Need for AssistanceInternational Military and Civil Defence AssetsInternational Civilian ReliefThe United Nations initiated project DPR 213/3 on the background of the growing dimensions, frequency and complexity of disaster, which made it necessary to search for new and varied resources with which to respond.Local/National ResponseTime
16General Principles on the Use of MCDA UN Requests for MCDA made by RC/HCDecision to accept MCDA made by humanitarian organizationsMCDA requested when there is no civilian alternativeUnique in nature or timeliness – “Last Resort”Humanitarian operation must retain civilian nature and controlHumanitarian work performed by humanitarian organizations
17General Principles on the Use of MCDA Military respect for codes of conduct, humanitarian principles, and IHLAvoid large scale involvement of military in direct assistanceUse of MCDA should be limited in time and scaleClearly defined exit strategy and transition planAvoid reliance on military assets
18Hierarchy of Humanitarian Tasks Direct Assistance – Face-to face distribution of goods and servicesIndirect Assistance – At least one step removed from the populationInfrastructure Support – General services that facilitates relief, but are not necessarily visible to or solely for the benefit of the affected population
19Assessing the Civil Military Environment Inventory of civil-military actors, military missions, and mandatesIdentification of available assetsAnalysis of civil-military relationsEffect on humanitarian principlesAssessment of civil-military coordination structures and mechanisms
20CMCoord Interaction Options CollocationCivilian and military are located together in same building/coordination centreLiaison ExchangeLiaison VisitsFormal visits are planned at different levelsInterlocutorCivilian and Military co-existExchange info through formaland established channels
21CMCoord Resources UNDAC Field Handbook UN OCHA Civil Military Coordination SectionUN CMCoord TrainingUN CMCoord Training CourseUN CMCoord Staff CourseUN CMCoord IMPACT – Distance Learning ToolUN CMCoord Deployment Roster