Presentation on theme: "Oslo Guidelines Key concepts and principles. History… Oslo process began in 1992, with first guidelines first released in 1994. Following the increasing."— Presentation transcript:
History… Oslo process began in 1992, with first guidelines first released in 1994. Following the increasing trend and unprecedented deployment in 2005 of military forces and assets in support of humanitarian response to natural disasters confirmed the need to update the 1994 "Oslo Guidelines". The guidelines have since been updated, and re-launched in 2006, with the most current version (revision 1.1) released in November 2007. Guidelines are non-binding.
Aim and Scope Aim is to establish the basic framework for formalizing and improving the effectiveness and efficiency of the use of foreign military and civil defence assets in international disaster relief operations Apply to situations of natural disaster in times of peace, in the response phase Cover both “UN MCDA” and “other deployed forces” Intended users include: –UN humanitarian agencies, their implementing and operational partners –Resident and Humanitarian Coordinators –UN MCDA commanders and commanders of other deployed forces performing missions in support of the UN humanitarian agencies –liaison officers coordinating UN humanitarian activities with foreign military forces.
Key Concepts Recognizes the sovereignty of the Affected State and their primary responsibility for providing humanitarian assistance on its territory. Covers tasks and responsibilities Affected, Transit and Assisting States (including FOREIGN military and civil defense commanders) as well as UN bodies. Defines humanitarian assistance and the core principles by which it should be delivered (humanity, impartiality, neutrality) and categorizes types of humanitarian activity that international military assistance might appropriately support…
TYPES OF FOREIGN MILITARY SUPPORT Direct Assistance Indirect Assistance Infrastructure Support Oslo Guidelines (Rev 1.1 2007)
Types of Foreign Military Support Air, land and sea survey and assessment, Reconnaissance in the disaster zone and of access, Search and rescue, evacuation, provision of relief services, Engineering, Communications, Logistics support, Medical support
Foreign Military Assets Essential Principles Provided at the request or with the consent of the Affected State For limited duration Mission under the overall control of a Civilian Authority Provided at no cost to receiving state Unarmed, but in national uniforms
Foreign Military Assets Essential Principles Complementarity: assets should complement existing relief mechanisms in order to provide specific support to specific requirements in response to the acknowledged "humanitarian gap" between the disaster needs that the relief community is being asked to satisfy and the resources available to meet them. Last Resort: foreign military and civil defence assets should be requested only where there is no comparable civilian alternative and only the use of military or civil defence assets can meet a critical humanitarian need. The military or civil defence asset must therefore be unique in capability and availability.
Time Intensity Foreign Military and Civil Defense Assets International Response National Response Reconstruction Summary
Fourth Asia Pacific Conference on Military Assistance to Disaster Relief Operations (APC-MADRO 2009) 13-15 September 2009 ARF ISM DR 16-18 September 2009 Honolulu, Hawaii, USA UN OCHA
APC-MADRO2009 APC-MADRO 2009 2008 APC- MADRO 2009 APC- MADRO 2010 APC- MADRO 2006 APC- MADRO 2007 APC- MADRO First Conference (Singapore) establishes modus operandi and endorses outline aims and goals of the APC- MADRO. Second Conference (Malaysia) conducts assessment and gap analysis of existing guidance and recommends development of guidelines for the ‘Facilitation of Foreign Military Assistance to Disaster Relief Operations in the Asia-Pacific Region’ to complement other regional initiatives. Third Conference (Australia) studies and further develops a working draft of the guidelines for the ‘Facilitation of Foreign Military Assistance to Disaster Relief Operations in the Asia- Pacific Region’. Fourth Conference develops a final draft incorporating all remaining concerns, issues and amendments raised by participating nations. 2006-2007 Preparatory guideline needs assessment and gap analysis table prepared by OCHA and regional partners for discussion at the APC-MADRO 2007. 2007-2008 Working draft of guidelines prepared by OCHA and regional partners for circulation to the Steering Committee for comment, amendment and presentation to the APC-MADRO 2008. 2009-2010 Endorsement of finalised guidelines at the national level in preparation for final endorsement at the APC-MADRO high-level event in 2010. APC-MADRO Development ‘ROAD MAP’: ‘ROAD MAP’: 2008-2009 Working draft of guidelines prepared by OCHA and regional partners for circulation to all participating countries for national comments, amendment and presentation at the APC- MADRO 2009. Fifth Conference (High Level Event). Finalisation, approval and endorsement of the Guidelines. (Brings to an end the APC-MADRO series of conferences.) 2005 Introductory Meeting International Seminar (New Delhi) Disaster Management – Emerging Challenges for the Armed Forces. 2005-2006 Post-Tsunami initial discussions on necessity for SOPs for foreign military assistance to disaster relief operations in the Asia-Pacific region.
APC-MADRO 2009 AfghanistanJapanPakistanASEAN AustraliaKoreaPhilippinesICRC BangladeshLaos Papua New Guinea IFRC Brunei Darussalam MalaysiaSingapore MERCY Malaysia CambodiaMaldives Solomon Islands MPAT CanadaMongolia Sri Lanka RedR Australia ChinaMaldivesThailandSAARC FijiMongolia Timor Leste SOPAC FranceMyanmarTongaWFP IndiaNepalUSA Indonesia New Zealand Vietnam
APC-MADRO 2009 Asia-Pacific Regional Guidelines for the use of Foreign Military Assets in Natural Disaster Response Operations ver. 7.?, 15 Sept 09 NOTE: This is a draft working document not for distribution. Release is controlled by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Civil-Military Coordination Section.
APC-MADRO 2009 PREFACEBackground Purpose & Scope GUIDING PRINCIPLES AND CONCEPTS PrinciplesConcepts Disaster Management Cycle Military Assistance Do No Harm Information Sharing Use of Military Assets Requests for Assistance Pre-disaster Preparedness INTERNATIONAL RESPONDERS United Nations Humanitarian Organisations Regional Organisations ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES Affected State Assisting State United Nations COORDINATION OF MILITARY ASSETS Structure of Coordination Affected State Assisting Military Humanitarian Community OPERATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS ANNEXES: A. Key definitions. B. References. C. Requests for Assistance Process. D. Global Cluster Leads. Table of Contents
APC-MADRO 2009 Way forward: Guidelines to be “cleaned up” by OCHAGuidelines to be “cleaned up” by OCHA Copies forwarded to participants for final review and comment.Copies forwarded to participants for final review and comment. Final document forwarded to participants for delivery to their respective governments.Final document forwarded to participants for delivery to their respective governments. Final document forwarded to Permanent Missions in Geneva and New YorkFinal document forwarded to Permanent Missions in Geneva and New York APC-MADRO 2010 endorsement before mid-2010.APC-MADRO 2010 endorsement before mid-2010.