Presentation on theme: "The Philippine Disaster Management System"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Philippine Disaster Management System MGen GLENN J RABONZA (Ret.) Administrator, Office of Civil Defense and Executive Officer, NDCC
2 Scope Philippines Disaster Risk Profile Legal Basis NDCC and OCD StructureNDCC Comprehensive DM FrameworkNDCC Program ThrustsMilitary in Disaster Relief Operations- National, Regional and International Trends- Role of AFP- Issues, Challenges, Lessons learned- Useful Mechanisms- Way Forward and Next Steps
3 Average of 20 typhoons a year and seven (7) are destructive Disaster Risk ProfileThe Philippines is located along the typhoon belt in the Pacific making it vulnerable to typhoonsAverage of 20 typhoons a year and seven (7) are destructive
4 Disaster Risk Profile300 volcanoes/22 activeThe Philippine Archipelago occupies the western ring of the Pacific Ocean (Western Segment of the Pacific Ring of Fire), a most active part of the earth that is characterized by an ocean-encircling belt of active volcanoes and earthquake generators (faults) making it vulnerable to tsunami.
5 HUMAN IMPACT OF DISASTERS, 2006 No. of people killedNo. killed / 100,000 inhabitantsIndonesia7,511Belgium9.02Philippines2,984Netherlands6.14China2,1093.59India1,6113.37France1,4022.251,000Burundi1.88Ethiopia951Latvia1.73940Ukraine803Afghanistan1.28Vietnam579Somalia1.24Source: CRED EM-DATData gathering: information and context, what happens?5
6 HUMAN IMPACT OF DISASTERS, 2006 No. of people affected (millions)No. affected in % of country populationChina88.74Malawi40.1%Philippines8.61Burundi28.7%India7.38Niger21.8%5.16Djibouti18.9%Kenya4.2812.5%Indonesia3.9510.4%Vietnam3.35Mali7.6%Thailand3.26Afghanistan7.5%2.05Mozambique7.2%Ethiopia3.036.9%Source: CRED EM-DATData analysis, why?6
7 PD 1566 JUNE 11, 1978 NDCC’s LEGAL BASIS (Strengthening the Philippine Disaster Control Capability and Establishing the National Program on Community Disaster Preparedness)
8 NATIONAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCIL HIGHEST POLICY MAKING, COORDINATING AND SUPERVISING BODY AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN THE COUNTRYADVISES THE PRESIDENT ON THE STATUS OF NATIONALDISASTER PREPAREDNESS & MANAGEMENT PLANSRECOMMENDS TO THE PRESIDENT THE DECLARATIONOF STATE OF CALAMITY AND RELEASE OF NATIONALCALAMITY FUND AS NEEDED
9 NDCC MEMBERS Chief of Staff, AFP - Member Secretary, National Defense - ChairmanSecretary, Interior & Local Gov’t- MemberSecretary, Public Works- MemberSecretary, Transportation & Communication - MemberSecretary, Social Welfare & Development - MemberSecretary, Agriculture - MemberSecretary, Education - MemberSecretary, Finance - MemberSecretary, Labor & Employment - MemberSecretary, Trade & Industry - MemberSecretary, Health - MemberSecretary, Science & Technology - MemberSecretary, Budget - MemberSecretary, Justice - MemberSecretary, Natural Resources – MemberSecretary, Foreign Affairs - MemberDirector, Phil. Information Agency - MemberSec-Gen, Phil National Red Cross - MemberChief of Staff, AFP - MemberNDCC MEMBERSAdministrator, Office of Civil Defense – Member & Executive Officer
10 DCC ORGANIZATIONAL NETWORK NATIONAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCIL17 REGIONAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS80 PROVINCIAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS117 CITY DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS1,496 MUNICIPAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS41,945 BARANGAY DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS
11 OFFICE OF CIVIL DEFENSE - LOI NO.19, S-1972… has the primary task of coordinating the activities and functions of various government agencies and instrumentalities, private institutions and civic organizations for the protection and preservation of life and property during emergencies…The operating arm and secretariat of the National Disaster Coordinating Council.
12 OFFICE OF CIVIL DEFENSE VisionA service-oriented organizationA prepared populationA safe nationMissionTo administer a comprehensive national civil defense and civil assistance program by providing leadership in the continuous development of measures to reduce risk to communities and manage the consequence of disasters.
13 17 OCD REGIONAL OFFICES CAR REGION II REGION I NCR REGION V REGION III REGION VIICARREGION IV-AREGION IV-BREGION VIREGION IXREGION XIIREGION IINCRREGION VREGION VIIIREGION XCARAGAARMMREGION XIPRESENTLY, OCD IS MAINTAINING 16 FULLY-OPERATIONAL REGIONAL CENTERS WHICH PROVIDE SECRETARIAT SERVICES AND SERVE AS EXECUTIVE ARM TO 17 REGIONAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS.
16 NDCC PROGRAM THRUSTS HFA 2005-2015 UNMDG MITIGATIONPREPAREDNESSDefense for Development AgendaPre-EventPost-EventREHABILITATIONRESPONSEMedium-Term PhilippineDevelopment PlanHFA…building the resilience ofcommunities to disasters…UNMDG
18 National, Regional and International Trends Events of 2004 up to recent showed increasing involvement of military forces in Disaster Management:Quezon province flashfloods/landslides in December 2004Indian Ocean Tsunami in December 2004Pakistan Earthquake in October 2005Guinsaugon landslide in February 2006
19 Role of AFP1. Constitutional mandate – is the protector of the people and the State. (Sec. 3 Art 3. Declaration of Principles and State Policies, 1987 Constitution)As protector of the people is best exemplified in times of major catastrophe in which the AFP, along with the civilian government agencies and institutions, undertake activities aimed at saving lives, preventing needless suffering, protecting property and minimizing damages during disasters and calamities2. AFP Calamities and Preparedness PlanCreated AFP Disaster Response Task Force (AFPDRTF);Sets general guidelines and tasks to be undertaken in times of disaster and calamities in support of the NDCC ; andEnsures the full utilization of AFP civil assistance capability in SAR, relief, rehabilitation and civil reconstruction and development activities.3. Civil Military CoordinationThrough the TF Commander, AFPDRTF (V, CAFP) coordinates its plans and activities with the Disaster Coordinating Councils at all levels
20 Issues, Challenges, Lessons Learned (Domestic) Frequent turn-over of personnel at AFP i.e. AFPDRTF, limits continuous capability building;Need to train more reservist to be utilized for DM activities and let the regular force focus its attention and resources to territorial defense;Need to develop a pool of civil-military coordinators to facilitate smooth interfacing of civilian and military personnel during response and rehabilitation operations; andCivilian institutions need to further upgrade their capabilities and reduce reliance to AFP.
21 Issues, Challenges, Lessons Learned (Regional and International) International military forces’ participation and duration will be always be based on host nation’s desires;Civilian humanitarian community and military forces will likely meet again;Military transition’s timeline is based on the availability of adequate relief capacity of host nation;International humanitarian organizations’ transition timeline is based on “relief to recovery phase”;Incorporation of participation of international military forces in the mobilization plans ofhost nations, particularly disaster-prone ones;Standardization of assessment procedures for use of both civilian and military disaster relief workers; andInstitutionalization of education and training on disaster relief operations in military organizations
22 Regional and International Mechanisms 1. ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM) - Operationalization of relevant projects of the ASEAN Regional Programme on Disaster ManagementASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER)Standby Operating Procedures for Regional Standby Arrangements and Coordination of Joint Disaster Relief And Emergency Response Operations (SASOP)2. UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)OSLO GuidelinesCivil-Military Coordination CourseAsia-Pacific Conference on Military Assistance to Disaster Relief Operations (APC-MADRO)3. ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF)-Voluntary Demonstration of Response (VDR) for disaster relief4. Military Operations and Law Conference (MILOPS) – organized by the US Pacific Command5. ASEAN Plus 3 Workshop in International Disaster Relief by Armed Forces (organized by the People’s Liberation Army of China)
23 Way Forward and Next Steps Active involvement of the AFP to conferences, trainings and exercises (national, bilateral, multilateral) on Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) activitiesAFP to institutionalized Civil-Military Coordination as an operational specialty for units with missions that include HADR in support of civil authoritiesForm a pool of competent CM Coord Staff that will facilitate the essential dialogue, collaborative interaction, cooperation and coordination