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MGen GLENN J RABONZA (Ret.) Administrator, Office of Civil Defense and Executive Officer, NDCC.

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Presentation on theme: "MGen GLENN J RABONZA (Ret.) Administrator, Office of Civil Defense and Executive Officer, NDCC."— Presentation transcript:

1 MGen GLENN J RABONZA (Ret.) Administrator, Office of Civil Defense and Executive Officer, NDCC

2 Scope Philippines Disaster Risk Profile Philippines Disaster Risk Profile Legal Basis Legal Basis NDCC and OCD Structure NDCC and OCD Structure NDCC Comprehensive DM Framework NDCC Comprehensive DM Framework NDCC Program Thrusts NDCC Program Thrusts Military in Disaster Relief Operations Military in Disaster Relief Operations - National, Regional and International Trends - Role of AFP - Issues, Challenges, Lessons learned - Useful Mechanisms - Way Forward and Next Steps

3 Disaster Risk Profile The Philippines is located along the typhoon belt in the Pacific making it vulnerable to typhoons Average of 20 typhoons a year and seven (7) are destructive

4 The Philippine Archipelago occupies the western ring of the Pacific Ocean (Western Segment of the Pacific Ring of Fire), a most active part of the earth that is characterized by an ocean-encircling belt of active volcanoes and earthquake generators (faults) making it vulnerable to tsunami. Disaster Risk Profile 300 volcanoes/22 active

5 No. of people killed No. killed / 100,000 inhabitants Indonesia7,511Belgium9.02 Philippines2,984Netherlands6.14 China2,109Philippines3.59 India1,611Indonesia3.37 France1,402France2.25 Netherlands1,000Burundi1.88 Ethiopia951Latvia1.73 Belgium940Ukraine1.73 Ukraine803Afghanistan1.28 Vietnam579Somalia1.24 Source: CRED EM-DAT HUMAN IMPACT OF DISASTERS, 2006

6 No. of people affected (millions) No. affected in % of country population China88.74Malawi40.1% Philippines8.61Burundi28.7% India7.38Niger21.8% Malawi5.16Djibouti18.9% Kenya4.28Kenya12.5% Indonesia3.95Philippines10.4% Vietnam3.35Mali7.6% Thailand3.26Afghanistan7.5% Niger2.05Mozambique7.2% Ethiopia3.03China6.9% Source: CRED EM-DAT HUMAN IMPACT OF DISASTERS, 2006

7 (Strengthening the Philippine Disaster Control Capability and Establishing the National Program on Community Disaster Preparedness) PD 1566 JUNE 11, 1978 PD 1566 JUNE 11, 1978 NDCCs LEGAL BASIS

8 HIGHEST POLICY MAKING, COORDINATING AND SUPERVISING BODY AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN THE COUNTRY ADVISES THE PRESIDENT ON THE STATUS OF NATIONAL DISASTER PREPAREDNESS & MANAGEMENT PLANS RECOMMENDS TO THE PRESIDENT THE DECLARATION OF STATE OF CALAMITY AND RELEASE OF NATIONAL CALAMITY FUND AS NEEDED NATIONAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCIL

9 Administrator, Office of Civil Defense – Member & Executive Officer Secretary, Interior & Local Govt- Member Secretary, Public Works- Member Secretary, Transportation & Communication - Member Secretary, Social Welfare & Development - Member Secretary, Agriculture - Member Secretary, Education - Member Secretary, Finance - Member Secretary, Labor & Employment - Member Secretary, Trade & Industry - Member Secretary, Health - Member Secretary, Science & Technology - Member Secretary, Budget - Member Secretary, Justice - Member Secretary, Natural Resources – Member Secretary, Foreign Affairs - Member Director, Phil. Information Agency - Member Sec-Gen, Phil National Red Cross - Member Chief of Staff, AFP - Member Secretary, National Defense - Chairman

10 DCC ORGANIZATIONAL NETWORK NATIONAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCIL 80 PROVINCIAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS 17 REGIONAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS 117 CITY DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS 1,496 MUNICIPAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS 41,945 BARANGAY DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS

11 The operating arm and secretariat of the National Disaster Coordinating Council. The operating arm and secretariat of the National Disaster Coordinating Council. - LOI NO.19, S-1972 … has the primary task of coordinating the activities and functions of various government agencies and instrumentalities, private institutions and civic organizations for the protection and preservation of life and property during emergencies… OFFICE OF CIVIL DEFENSE

12 Vision A service-oriented organization A prepared population A safe nation Mission To administer a comprehensive national civil defense and civil assistance program by providing leadership in the continuous development of measures to reduce risk to communities and manage the consequence of disasters.

13 17 OCD REGIONAL OFFICES REGION III REGION I REGION VII CAR REGION IV-A REGION IV-B REGION VI REGION IX REGION XII REGION II NCR REGION V REGION VIII REGION X CARAGA ARMM REGION XI

14 GEOPHYSICAL HYDRO- METEOROLOGICAL TERRORISM EPIDEMICS CIVIL DISTURBANCE INFESTATION NUCLEAR & RADIOLOGICAL PHIVOLCS PAGASA AFP DOH PNP DA PNRI SURVEILLANCE ALL HAZARDS APPROACH

15 REHABILITATION PREPAREDNESS MITIGATION RESPONSE

16 Pre-Event Post-Event HFA UNMDG Defense for Development Agenda Medium-Term Philippine Development Plan NDCC PROGRAM THRUSTS … building the resilience of communities to disasters…

17 The Military in Disaster Relief Operations

18 National, Regional and International Trends Events of 2004 up to recent showed increasing involvement of military forces in Disaster Management: Quezon province flashfloods/landslides in December 2004 Quezon province flashfloods/landslides in December 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami in December 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami in December 2004 Pakistan Earthquake in October 2005 Pakistan Earthquake in October 2005 Guinsaugon landslide in February 2006 Guinsaugon landslide in February 2006

19 Role of AFP 1. Constitutional mandate – is the and the State. (Sec. 3 Art 3. Declaration of Principles and State Policies, 1987 Constitution) 1. Constitutional mandate – is the protector of the people and the State. (Sec. 3 Art 3. Declaration of Principles and State Policies, 1987 Constitution) As protector of the people is best exemplified in times of major catastrophe in which the AFP, along with the civilian government agencies and institutions, undertake activities aimed at saving lives, preventing needless suffering, protecting property and minimizing damages during disasters and calamities 2. AFP Calamities and Preparedness Plan Created AFP Disaster Response Task Force (AFPDRTF); Sets general guidelines and tasks to be undertaken in times of disaster and calamities in support of the NDCC ; and Ensures the full utilization of AFP civil assistance capability in SAR, relief, rehabilitation and civil reconstruction and development activities. 3. Civil Military Coordination Through the TF Commander, AFPDRTF (V, CAFP) coordinates its plans and activities with the Disaster Coordinating Councils at all levels

20 Issues, Challenges, Lessons Learned (Domestic) Frequent turn-over of personnel at AFP i.e. AFPDRTF, limits continuous capability building; Frequent turn-over of personnel at AFP i.e. AFPDRTF, limits continuous capability building; Need to train more reservist to be utilized for DM activities and let the regular force focus its attention and resources to territorial defense; Need to train more reservist to be utilized for DM activities and let the regular force focus its attention and resources to territorial defense; Need to develop a pool of civil-military coordinators to facilitate smooth interfacing of civilian and military personnel during response and rehabilitation operations; and Need to develop a pool of civil-military coordinators to facilitate smooth interfacing of civilian and military personnel during response and rehabilitation operations; and Civilian institutions need to further upgrade their capabilities and reduce reliance to AFP. Civilian institutions need to further upgrade their capabilities and reduce reliance to AFP.

21 Issues, Challenges, Lessons Learned (Regional and International) International military forces participation and duration will be always be based on host nations desires; International military forces participation and duration will be always be based on host nations desires; Civilian humanitarian community and military forces will likely meet again; Civilian humanitarian community and military forces will likely meet again; Military transitions timeline is based on the availability of adequate relief capacity of host nation; Military transitions timeline is based on the availability of adequate relief capacity of host nation; International humanitarian organizations transition timeline is based on relief to recovery phase; International humanitarian organizations transition timeline is based on relief to recovery phase; Incorporation of participation of international military forces in the mobilization plans of Incorporation of participation of international military forces in the mobilization plans of host nations, particularly disaster-prone ones; host nations, particularly disaster-prone ones; Standardization of assessment procedures for use of both civilian and military disaster relief workers; and Standardization of assessment procedures for use of both civilian and military disaster relief workers; and Institutionalization of education and training on disaster relief operations in military organizations Institutionalization of education and training on disaster relief operations in military organizations

22 Regional and International Mechanisms 1. ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM) - of relevant projects of the ASEAN Regional Programme on Disaster Management 1. ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM) - Operationalization of relevant projects of the ASEAN Regional Programme on Disaster Management ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) Standby Operating Procedures for Regional Standby Arrangements and Coordination of Joint Disaster Relief And Emergency Response Operations (SASOP) Standby Operating Procedures for Regional Standby Arrangements and Coordination of Joint Disaster Relief And Emergency Response Operations (SASOP) 2. UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) OSLO Guidelines OSLO Guidelines Civil-Military Coordination Course Civil-Military Coordination Course Asia-Pacific Conference on Military Assistance to Disaster Relief Operations (APC-MADRO) Asia-Pacific Conference on Military Assistance to Disaster Relief Operations (APC-MADRO) 3. ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF)-Voluntary Demonstration of Response (VDR) for disaster relief 4. Military Operations and Law Conference (MILOPS) – organized by the US Pacific Command 5. ASEAN Plus 3 Workshop in International Disaster Relief by Armed Forces (organized by the Peoples Liberation Army of China)

23 Way Forward and Next Steps Active involvement of the AFP to conferences, trainings and exercises (national, bilateral, multilateral) on Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) activities Active involvement of the AFP to conferences, trainings and exercises (national, bilateral, multilateral) on Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) activities AFP to institutionalized Civil-Military Coordination as an operational specialty for units with missions that include HADR in support of civil authorities AFP to institutionalized Civil-Military Coordination as an operational specialty for units with missions that include HADR in support of civil authorities Form a pool of competent CM Coord Staff that will facilitate the essential dialogue, collaborative interaction, cooperation and coordination Form a pool of competent CM Coord Staff that will facilitate the essential dialogue, collaborative interaction, cooperation and coordination

24 Thank you… Visit SMS: +63 (917) Telephone: +63 (2) (2) (2) to 64 Telefax: +63 (2)


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