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AADMER AND ASEANS COOPERATION WITH THE CIVIL SOCIETY IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE By Adelina Kamal Head of Disaster Management &

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Presentation on theme: "AADMER AND ASEANS COOPERATION WITH THE CIVIL SOCIETY IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE By Adelina Kamal Head of Disaster Management &"— Presentation transcript:

1 AADMER AND ASEANS COOPERATION WITH THE CIVIL SOCIETY IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE By Adelina Kamal Head of Disaster Management & Humanitarian Assistance Division, ASEAN Secretariat 2 nd Workshop on ASEAN Defense Establishments and CSOs Cooperation on Disaster Management, 28-29 June 2010, Bangkok, Thailand

2 1 1 CONTENT 3 3 2 2 4 4 Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015

3 1 1 CONTENT Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015 2 2 3 3 4 4

4 FOR THE LAST FIVE YEARS, 8 OUT OF 10 ASEAN MEMBER STATES HAVE EXPERIENCED MAJOR DISASTERS WITH ALMOST 500 THOUSAND PEOPLE DEAD OR MISSING, RECONSTRUCTION COSTS OF MORE THAN USD 10 BILLION AND MORE THAN 17 MILLION PEOPLE AFFECTED 4 Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015 584 million people home of mega disasters

5 Affect 584 million or nearly 1/10 of world population Number of disasters in ASEAN from 2001-2009: 1.Flood – 213 (13% of world total) 2.Storm – 132 (13%) 3.Earthquake – 42 (15%) 4.Landslide – 42 (24%) 5.Epidemic – 36 (6%) 6.Volcanic eruption – 15 (26%) 7.Drought – 12 (7%) 8.Wildfire – 7 (5%) Source: http://www.emdat.be

6 Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015 A legal framework for all ASEAN Member States and serves as a common platform in responding to disasters within ASEAN Initiated in mid 2004 before tsunami, signed by Foreign Ministers of ASEAN in July 2005 after 4 months of negotiation Objective: Reducing disaster losses in ASEAN countries, and jointly respond to disaster emergencies AADMER - FOR A MORE UNITED AND COORDINATED RESPONSE TOWARD DISASTERS WITHIN THE REGION

7 Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015 Ratified by all ten countries in ASEAN, entered into force on 24 Dec 2009 ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance (AHA Centre) as the operational coordination body and engine of AADMER ASEAN Leaders have designated Secretary-General of ASEAN as the ASEAN Humanitarian Assistance Coordinator for natural disasters and pandemic in ASEAN AADMER - FOR A MORE UNITED AND COORDINATED RESPONSE TOWARD DISASTERS WITHIN THE REGION Mentioned under both the Political Security cooperation as well Socio- cultural cooperation of the ASEAN blueprint signed by all ASEAN Leaders

8 National Disaster Management Centre, Ministry of Home Affairs, Brunei Darussalam National Committee for Disaster Management, Cambodia National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB), Indonesia National Disaster Management Office, Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, Lao PDR National Security Division, Prime Ministers Department, Malaysia Relief and Resettlement Department, Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, Myanmar National Disaster Coordinating Council, Philippines Singapore Civil Defence Force, Ministry of Home Affairs, Singapore Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, Ministry of Interior, Thailand Central Committee of Flood and Storm Control, Viet Nam ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management Current Chair

9 The Parties shall prepare Standard Operating Procedures for: o regional standby arrangements o utilisation of military and civilian assets o coordination of joint disaster relief and emergency response operations Tools under AADMER: SASOP Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015 ASEAN Standby Arrangements for Disaster Relief and Emergency Response o emergency response/ SAR directory o military and civilian assets o emergency stockpiles of relief items o DM expertise and technologies

10 Contents Disaster Preparedness Assessment & Monitoring Emergency Response Chapter VI: Facilitation & Utilisation of Military & Civilian Assets & Capacities (being developed) Annexes (of Templates and Forms) …. SASOP as the operational document …..

11 ASEAN Regional Disaster Emergency Response Simulation Exercise (ARDEX) Annual conduct of ARDEX to enhance Member Countries capabilities in joint disaster relief and emergency operations Lessons learnt serve as inputs for review, and enhancement for the ASEAN SASOP Article 8.3.c Conduct training and exercises to attain and maintain the relevance and applicability of the Standard Operating Procedures

12 ARDEX-05 Malaysia Collapsed Structure Disaster Scenario ARDEX-06 Cambodia Flood Disaster Scenario ARDEX-07 Singapore Massive Collapse of Structures Scenario ARDEX-08 Thailand Typhoon, technological disaster scenario ARDEX-09 Philippines Volcanic eruption scenario ARDEX-10 Indonesia Earthquake tsunami, chemical emergency scenario

13 ASEAN-Emergency Rapid Assessment Team (ERAT) Idea endorsed by ASEAN Member States in March 2008 First deployment (2 times) in 2008 after Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar ERAT being formed, to be tested as part of ARDEX scenario ERAT being formed, to be tested as part of ARDEX in early Nov Objective: a pool of trained and rapidly deployable (within 24 hours) ERAT Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015

14 2 2 CONTENT Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015 1 1 3 3 4 4

15 All ASEANs work linked to disaster management needs to be in line with the AADMER Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015 ASEAN HAS ADDRESSED CIVIL MILITARY COORDINATION IN AADMER Maintain ASEANs centrality and coordinate efforts AADMER Articles 8, 9, 11, 12 and 15 Draft Chapter VI of SASOP underlines the need to treat the utilisation of military assets as part of a Whole Government Approach

16 Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015 ASEAN HAS ADDRESSED CIVIL MILITARY COORDINATION IN AADMER Involve or consult the civilian government organisations in charge of disaster management (the National Disaster Management Organisations or NDMOs) who are members of ACDM It is critical that ADMM/ADSOMs work and other relevant entities be familiar with AADMER and the operational documents developed so far AADMER belongs not only to the NDMOs, but to all elements of the society in ASEAN countries

17 3 3 CONTENT Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015 1 1 2 2 4 4

18 Principle 6 Principle 6 : The Parties, in addressing disaster risks, shall involve, as appropriate, all stakeholders including local communities, non-governmental organisations and private enterprises, utilising, among others, community- based disaster preparedness and early response approaches AADMER - FOR A MORE UNITED AND COORDINATED RESPONSE TOWARD DISASTERS WITHIN THE REGION Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015

19 From a LOOSELY-ORGANISED body towards more RULE-BASED inter- governmental organisation Providing ASEAN with a LEGAL PERSONALITY To be an EFFECTIVE PLAYER on the international stage CHAPTER 1: PURPOSES, point 13 To promote a PEOPLE-ORIENTED ASEAN in which all the sectors of society are encouraged to participate in, and benefit from, the process of ASEAN integration and community building THE SIGNIFICANCE OF ASEAN CHARTER Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015

20 Examples of engagement with CSO Grounding of policies (such as providing inputs in the development of policies, facilitating dialogues, providing platforms for bringing the voices of the most vulnerable) Support in the development of monitoring indicators for key policy outputs

21 ASEAN Partnership Group Aim: Support in the people-centred implementation of AADMER, by raising awareness and engagement of CSOs in the discussions and implementation processes at national and regional level APG

22 Partnership and Resource Mobilisation Strategy Proposed mechanisms (agreements, SOPs) Procedures for involving civil society in ERAT and AHA Centre Workshops with CSOs in ASEAN countries for raising awareness and clarifying the role of CSOs in AADMER Feedback mechanisms for stakeholders Training and Knowledge Management Strategy Identification of training gaps and priorities Development of AADMER Pools of Trainers ASEAN Network of Training Institutions AADMER Knowledge Management System (collection, sharing and dissemination) ASEAN Partnership Group in AADMER

23 Strengthening institutional capacity (such as through secondment, attachment programme, etc) Supporting the implementation (such as ASEAN youth volunteers programme, public education and awareness, training, etc) Sharing good practices and tools Monitoring progresses at the community level Examples of engagement with CSOs

24 Cyclone path Cyclone Nargis First time for ASEANs collective response to a major disaster within the ASEAN region First time for ASEAN to establish an ASEAN-led coordinating mechanism and play a significant role in the international humanitarian arena First time for mechanisms and tools under AADMER tested and utilised in a real situation

25 Assessment and Monitoring Post-Nargis Joint Assessment Periodic Reviews Social Impacts Monitoring

26 CSOs Participation Planning and execution (such as development of tools, facilitating dialogues, etc) Operational support Assessment teams Peer review

27 ASEAN Volunteers Programme First-ever in ASEAN Promoting people- centred ASEAN Bringing ASEAN closer to the people Cooperation with local and international NGOs to train and work together with the ASEAN volunteers

28 CSOs Participation Development of proposals Planning Training of ASEAN volunteers Implementation Direct feedback

29 4 4 CONTENT Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015 1 1 2 2 3 3

30 AADMER provides the opportunity for ASEAN to work closely with the CSOs, particularly those who are ASEAN-borne and ASEAN- based: People-Centered Approach 2 Toward a disaster-resilient and safer community by 2015 AADMER provides the legal framework for both civilian and military organisations in enhancing ASEAN cooperation in disaster management: Whole Government Approach CONCLUSIONS 1

31 Thank you …


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