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Periodic Table Geography The elements in any group of the periodic table have similar physical and chemical properties!

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Presentation on theme: "Periodic Table Geography The elements in any group of the periodic table have similar physical and chemical properties!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Periodic Table Geography The elements in any group of the periodic table have similar physical and chemical properties!

2 The horizontal rows of the periodic table are called PERIODS.

3 The vertical columns of the periodic table are called GROUPS, or FAMILIES.

4 ALKALI METALS GROUP #1A

5 ALKALI METALS

6 ELEMENTS IN FAMILY: ELEMENTS IN FAMILY: LITHIUM LITHIUM SODIUM SODIUM POTASSIUM POTASSIUM RUBIDIUM RUBIDIUM CESIUM CESIUM FRANCIUM FRANCIUM FAMILY PROPERTIES: FAMILY PROPERTIES: HIGHLY REACTIVE METALLIC ELEMENTS HIGHLY REACTIVE METALLIC ELEMENTS REACT RAPIDLY WITH WATER REACT RAPIDLY WITH WATER SOFT MATERIALS SOFT MATERIALS CONDUCT ELECTRICITY CONDUCT ELECTRICITY

7 ALKALI METALS GROUPS CHARGE IS POSITIVE ONE GROUPS CHARGE IS POSITIVE ONE+1 VALENCE ELECTRONS IN OUTER SHELL = 1 VALENCE ELECTRONS IN OUTER SHELL = 1 MOST REACTIVE ELEMENT = FRANCIUM MOST REACTIVE ELEMENT = FRANCIUM OTHER INFORMATION OTHER INFORMATION STORED IN OIL OR KEROSENE BECAUSE OF REACTIVENESS USED IN STREET LIGHTS AND LIGHTS ON CARS

8 ALKALI EARTH METALS GROUP #2A

9 ALKALINE EARTH METALS

10 ALKALI EARTH METALS ELEMENTS IN FAMILY: ELEMENTS IN FAMILY: BERYLLIUM BERYLLIUM MAGNESIUM MAGNESIUM CALCIUM CALCIUM STRONTIUM STRONTIUM BARIUM BARIUM RADIUM RADIUM FAMILY PROPERTIES: FAMILY PROPERTIES: HARDER, DENSER, STRONGER, AND HIGHER MELTING POINTS THAN GROUP #1A REACTIVE METALLIC ELEMENTS

11 ALKALI EARTH METALS GROUPS CHARGE IS +2 GROUPS CHARGE IS +2 VALENCE ELECTRONS IN OUTER SHELL = 2 VALENCE ELECTRONS IN OUTER SHELL = 2 MOST REACTIVE ELEMENT = RADIUM MOST REACTIVE ELEMENT = RADIUM OTHER INFORMATION OTHER INFORMATION AEROSPACE AND AIRCRAFT APPLICATIONS BICYCLES & BACKPACKS TOOTHPASTE

12 TRANSITION METALS GROUP #s 3-12A

13 TRANSITION METALS

14 ELEMENTS IN FAMILY: ELEMENTS IN FAMILY: FAMILY PROPERTIES: FAMILY PROPERTIES: ALL METALS ALL METALS NOT AS REACTIVE AS GROUPS 1A AND 2A NOT AS REACTIVE AS GROUPS 1A AND 2A VARIED PROPERTIES VARIED PROPERTIES

15 TRANSITION METALS GROUPS CHARGE IS +1,+2, +3 GROUPS CHARGE IS +1,+2, +3 VALENCE ELECTRONS IN OUTER SHELL = VARIABLE VALENCE ELECTRONS IN OUTER SHELL = VARIABLE MOST REACTIVE ELEMENTS = SCANDIUM, YTTRIUM, LANTHANUM,ATINIUM MOST REACTIVE ELEMENTS = SCANDIUM, YTTRIUM, LANTHANUM,ATINIUM OTHER INFORMATION OTHER INFORMATION NUMEROUS USES WIRING BUILDING MATERIALS JEWELRY

16 HALOGENS GROUP #17A

17 HALOGENS

18 HALOGENS ELEMENTS IN FAMILY: ELEMENTS IN FAMILY: FLOURINE FLOURINE CHLROINE CHLROINE BROMINE BROMINE IODINE IODINE ASTATINE ASTATINE FAMILY PROPERTIES: FAMILY PROPERTIES: HIGHLY REACTIVE NON- METALS HIGHLY REACTIVE NON- METALS REACT EASILY WITH METALS REACT EASILY WITH METALS

19 HALOGENS GROUPS CHARGE IS -1 GROUPS CHARGE IS -1 VALENCE ELECTRONS IN OUTER SHELL = SEVEN VALENCE ELECTRONS IN OUTER SHELL = SEVEN MOST REACTIVE ELEMENTS = FLOURINE MOST REACTIVE ELEMENTS = FLOURINE OTHER INFORMATION OTHER INFORMATION TOOTH DECAY NON-STICK COATING SWIMMING POOLS

20 NOBLE GASES GROUP #18A

21 NOBLE (INERT) GASES

22 NOBLE GASES ELEMENTS IN FAMILY: ELEMENTS IN FAMILY: HELIUM HELIUM NEON NEON ARGON ARGON KRYPTON KRYPTON XENON XENON RADON RADON FAMILY PROPERTIES: FAMILY PROPERTIES: COLORLESS COLORLESS ODORLESS ODORLESS GASES GASES EXTREMELY UNREACTIVE EXTREMELY UNREACTIVE DO NOT FORM IONS DO NOT FORM IONS

23 NOBLE GASES GROUPS CHARGE IS 0. DOES NOT FORM IONS. GROUPS CHARGE IS 0. DOES NOT FORM IONS. VALENCE ELECTRONS IN OUTER SHELL = EIGHT VALENCE ELECTRONS IN OUTER SHELL = EIGHT MOST REACTIVE ELEMENTS = XENON MOST REACTIVE ELEMENTS = XENON OTHER INFORMATION OTHER INFORMATION ILLUMINATED SIGNS BALLOONS BLIMPS RADON IN BASEMENTS


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