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The Eight Parts of Speech

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Presentation on theme: "The Eight Parts of Speech"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Eight Parts of Speech
The Classification of words

2 8 Parts of Speech 1. Nouns 2. Pronouns 3. Verbs 4. Adjectives
5. Adverbs 6. Prepositions 7. Conjunctions 8. Interjections

3 1. Noun A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea.

4 Nouns Some nouns we can perceive with our five senses. These are persons, places, and things. Some nouns cannot be perceived by the senses. They are ideas, thoughts, emotions, and beliefs.

5 Examples Persons: - Thomas Jefferson - Architect - Girl Places - Salem
- Library - Continent

6 Examples Things: - Desk - Barn - Boot Ideas: - Curiosity - Health
- Eternity

7 Common Nouns Common nouns are a name common to a whole group. It does not specify a member of the group. (frog)

8 Proper Nouns A proper noun is the name of an individual person, place, or thing. It is capitalized. (Mrs. Yoskey)

9 Examples Common: singer river building Proper Mariah Carey
Mississippi River GlenOak High School

10 2. Pronouns Pronouns are words used in place of nouns to avoid awkward repetition.

11 Pronouns The word that the pronoun stands for or refers to is its antecedent. Ex: Kim said she would call the airport. (Kim is the antecedent of she.)

12 6 kinds of pronouns 1. Personal 2. Compound personal 3. Indefinite
4. Demonstrative 5. Interrogative 6. Relative

13 Personal Pronouns Takes the place of a person’s name but may also take the place of things. Ex: Monica is a dancer. She has the lead in the school musical.

14 Compound Personal Pronouns
Pronouns that are combined with the suffix -self or -selves. Ex: myself, ourselves

15 Indefinite Pronouns These are pronouns that do not refer to a specific person or thing. They sometimes have antecedents.

16 Example: The players practiced in the rain. Some got sick.
Players is the antecedent for the indefinite pronoun some.

17 No antecedent example:
Everything you say is true. Another No one Anybody Everything Anyone Either Both Each Many One Few Several

18 Demonstrative Pronouns
This, That, These, Those: Pronouns that point to what they are referring to. Example: This is the poem I wrote. (This refers to poem)

19 Interrogative Pronouns
Pronouns that are used to ask questions. (Whose, Who, Whom, What, Which) Example: Who won the game?

20 Relative Pronouns Some pronouns are used to relate one idea to another and these are called relative pronouns. Example: Zenobia, who conquered Egypt in the third century, declared herself Queen of the East.

21 3. Verbs A verb tells what is happening in a sentence.
A verb expresses action, condition, or state of being.

22 2 verb categories ACTION VERBS: Tell what the subject is doing
May be physical or mental LINKING VERBS: link or connect the subject of a sentence with a noun, pronoun, or adjective

23 Action Verbs Examples: Collide (visible) Run (visible) Enjoy (not)
Decide (not)

24 Linking Verbs Can be sensory (like sounds, looks, and tastes), can be verbs of condition (like grew, became, seemed), or can be verbs of being. May have helping verbs with the main verb. Example: This book is now regarded as a classic.

25 Verbs of Being Memorize These! am - is - been are - was - being
were - be

26 2 kinds of action verbs Transitive: Who or what receives the action.
Intransitive: Nothing receives the action.

27 Examples (Transitive)
He moved the car. Did they pass the law? *Ask who or what receives the action.*

28 4. Adjectives Adjectives modify or describe nouns and pronouns.
They tell which one, what kind, how many, or how much.

29 Adjectives There is a row of yellow ducks.
YELLOW says what kind of ducks so it is the adjective.

30 The Articles A, an, and the are considered adjectives because they modify nouns.

31 Predicate Adjectives Sometimes the adjective comes after the noun. This is a predicate adjective. EX: The cat seems hungry.

32 5. Adverbs Modifies verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.
Adverbs are a lot like adjectives. *Tell where, when, how, or to what extent*

33 Examples: WHERE: They lingered outside. WHEN: The team left early.
HOW: The story ended happily. TO WHAT EXTENT: The writing was totally illegible.

34 6. Prepositions Common way to link and show relationships between words. Prepositions have objects. Example: The doctor went into the house.

35 The preposition song!! About Above Across After Around At

36 Song From In Inside Near Of Off On Before Behind Below Beside By Down
During For From In Inside Near Of Off On

37 Song Out Outside Over Through To Under Up With Without

38 7. The Conjunction A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, and clauses. Conjunctive adverbs connect groups of words that could not stand alone.

39 Examples Conjunctions Conjunctive Adverbs And But Consequently So
Or For Yet Conjunctive Adverbs Consequently Hence Also Furthermore However

40 8. Interjection A word or group of words that expresses strong feeling or emotion. Wow! Help! Oh no! Attention!

41 Source Building English Skills

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