Presentation on theme: "The Eight Parts of Speech"— Presentation transcript:
1The Eight Parts of Speech The classification of words
28 Parts of Speech 1. Nouns 2. Pronouns 3. Verbs 4. Adjectives 5. Adverbs6. Prepositions7. Conjunctions8. Interjections
31. NounA noun is a person, place, thing, or idea.
4NounsSome nouns we can perceive with our five senses. These are persons, places, and things.Some nouns cannot be perceived by the senses. They are ideas, thoughts, emotions, and beliefs.
5Examples Persons: - Thomas Jefferson - architect - girl Places - Salem - library- continent
6Examples Things: - desk - barn - boot Ideas: - curiosity - health - eternity
7Common NounsCommon nouns are a name common to a whole group. It does not specify a member of the group. (frog)
8Proper NounsA proper noun is the name of an individual person, place, or thing. It is capitalized. (Blue Dart Frog)
9Examples Common: singer river building Proper Mariah Carey Mississippi RiverGlenOak High School
102. PronounsPronouns are words used in place of nouns to avoid awkward repetition.
11PronounsThe word that the pronoun stands for or refers to is its antecedent.Ex: Kim said she would call the airport. (Kim is the antecedent of she.)
126 kinds of pronouns 1. Personal 2. Compound personal 3. Indefinite 4. Demonstrative5. Interrogative6. Relative
13Personal PronounsTakes the place of a person’s name but may also take the place of things.Ex: Monica is a dancer. She has the lead in the school musical.
14Compound Personal Pronouns Pronouns that are combined with the suffix -self or -selves.Ex: myself, ourselves
15Indefinite PronounsThese are pronouns that do not refer to a specific person or thing. They sometimes have antecedents.
16Example: The players practiced in the rain. Some got sick. Players is the antecedent for the indefinite pronoun some.
17No antecedent example: Everything you say is true.another no oneanybody everythinganyone eitherboth eachmany onefew several
18Demonstrative Pronouns This, that, these, those: Pronouns that point to what they are referring to.Example: This is the poem I wrote.(This refers to poem)
19Interrogative Pronouns Pronouns that are used to ask questions. (Whose, Who, Whom, What, Which)Example: Who won the game?
20Relative PronounsSome pronouns are used to relate one idea to another and these are called relative pronouns.Example: Mr. Talbott, who is the history teacher in our community, is an excellent cyclist.
213. Verbs A verb tells what is happening in a sentence. A verb expresses action, condition, or state of being.
222 verb categories ACTION VERBS: Tell what the subject is doing May be physical or mentalLINKING VERBS:Link or connect the subject of a sentence with a noun, pronoun, or adjective
24Linking VerbsCan be sensory (like sounds, looks, and tastes), can be verbs of condition (like grew, became, seemed), or can be verbs of being.May have helping verbs with the main verb.Example: This book is now regarded as a classic.
25Verbs of Beingam - is - beenare - was - beingwere - be
262 kinds of action verbs Transitive: Who or what receives the action. Intransitive: Nothing receives the action.
27Examples (Transitive) He moved the car.Did they pass the law?*Ask who or what receives the action.*
28Examples (Intransitive) He moved.They passed.*Ask who or what receives the action….in this case, there is nobody/nothing receiving the action.
294. Adjectives Adjectives modify or describe nouns and pronouns. They tell which one, what kind, how many, or how much.
30Adjectives There is a row of yellow ducks. YELLOW says what kind of ducks so it is the adjective.
31The ArticlesA, an, and the are considered adjectives because they modify nouns.
325. Adverbs Modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Adverbs are sort of like adjectives.*Tell where, when, how, or to what extent*
33Examples: WHERE: They lingered outside. WHEN: The team left early. HOW: The story ended happily.TO WHAT EXTENT: The writing was totally illegible.
346. PrepositionsCommon way to link and show relationships between words.Prepositions have objects.Example: The doctor went into the house.